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Group cohesion


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Group cohesion

  1. 1. Title Group Cohesion
  2. 2. Definition Group cohesion is when members of group are working and cooperating with each other in accomplishing the goals of the group.
  3. 3. The following must be present in order for members of group to cooperate and achieve its goals Cooperation Commitment Conformity Social Control Punishment Reward l eadership l oyalty
  4. 4. Leadership Influencing people by providing purpose,direction and motivation in order to accomplish a task
  5. 5. Leadership Styles Perfect Leader Democratic Authoritarian Laissez-faire
  6. 6. Characteristics of an Autocratic Leader Nobody is allowed to participate in the decision making Does what he /she sees fit Getting the job done is the only priority
  7. 7. Characteristics of a Democratic Leader Shares decision making with others Acts as a guide Interacts with others
  8. 8. Characteristics of a Laissez-faire Leader Leader involvement is minimal or non existent Little attention is paid to the goals of the group Leader has minimal influence on others
  9. 9. Authority Authority is the legitimate right that a leader gets to give orders ,distribute the group's resources and to make decision on behalf of the group
  10. 10. Types of authority <ul><li>A leader may gets his or her authority from one of the following sources </li></ul><ul><li>Charismatic -Such a leader has special talents that is used to influence and inspire others </li></ul><ul><li>Rational/Legal- This leader gets his authority from the position he occupies in the group </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional- This leader gets his authority from customs and traditions practiced </li></ul>
  11. 11. Social control This is the process by which the culture and values in a group are taught and re-enforced
  12. 12. Forms of social Control <ul><li>, </li></ul><ul><li>, </li></ul><ul><li>I </li></ul><ul><li>Formal </li></ul><ul><li>Informal </li></ul><ul><li>Police </li></ul><ul><li>Gossip </li></ul><ul><li>courts </li></ul><ul><li>Refusing to speak to </li></ul><ul><li>someone </li></ul><ul><li>Prisons, </li></ul><ul><li>schools </li></ul>Religious institutions Government Economic institutions Media
  13. 13. Ways through which Social Control is Carried Out Laws Rules Folkways Norms Mores
  14. 14. Definitions Rules- may be written or unwritten Norms- Ways of behaviour shared by most members of a group. They carry punishments if disobeyed Mores- rules which deal with respect for life and authority. They carry punishments if disobeyed Folkways- cultural traditions that have weak sanctions Law- rules that are passed as law