Defence of pakistan


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Defence of pakistan

  1. 1. by RIAZ GUL SHEIKH
  2. 2.  Pakistan came into being on 14t August 1947 as an independent sovereign state.  After the separation of Sub-continent into two states Pakistan and India, it was decided that Defense assets would be divided between tow states India and Pakistan by 60 and 40%.  Indian leaders who opposed to transfer any ordinance factory to Pakistan, and Pakistan did not get any weapons or equipment which was decided before.  So at the time of independence, Pakistan did not have a single military unit.  In 1971, the defeat of Pakistan in Bangladesh war lead Pakistan to develop its own nuclear power, because on the other hand India was near to test its 1st nuclear weapon.
  3. 3.  24 January 1972, President Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto issued orders that Pakistan should also acquire the nuclear power as it has become important for our country before that, the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) was set up in 1956, so that it could participate in the Atoms for Peace program.  Dr. A. Q. Khan was employed from 1972 to 1975 by the Physical Dynamics Research Laboratory (FDO) in Amsterdam, which was a subcontractor to Ultra-Centrifuge Nederland (UCN)  In January 1976 Khan left the Netherlands for Pakistan abruptly. A.Q. Khan initially worked under the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), headed by Munir Ahmad Khan.  The PAEC under M. A. Khan went on to develop Pakistan's first generation of nuclear weapons in the 1980s  With continuous struggles and efforts Pakistan successfully tested its 1st nuclear weapon on 28th May 1998, becoming 1st Muslim nuclear power in the world.
  4. 4. Currently Pakistan has three major forces which include Army, Navy and Air force. Beside these three main forces there are also some other paramilitary and special service forces. 1) The Pakistan Army is the largest branch of the Pakistan military, and is mainly responsible for protection of the state borders, the security of administered territories and defending the national interests of Pakistan within the framework of its international obligations. Current COAS is General Raheel Shareef. 2) Pakistan Navy is the naval warfare branch of Pakistan Armed Forces, responsible for Pakistan's 1,046 kilometers (650 mi) of coastline along the Arabian Sea, and the defense of important civilian harbors and military bases. Currently the command of Navy is headed by Admiral Asif Sandila. 3) PAF is the air warfare branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces, primarily tasked with the aerial defense of Islamic Republic of Pakistan with a secondary role of providing air logistics support to the Pakistan Army and the Pakistan Navy.
  5. 5.  Pakistan army is one of the best and 6th biggest Army of the world. Currently Pakistan has 550,000 active on duty troops and 500,000 reserved troops, total 105,000 man power capacity.  Pakistan army commandos are claimed to be one of the toughest forces on the planet and have cam 3rd place with the us green berets 1st place and British seas 2nd place.  In terms of equipment and man power India, Russia and U. S may be ahead of us, but when we talk about spirit and bravery they are way far from Pakistan army, remember ISI is the number 1 intelligence of the world and our nuclear program is far better than India which are lead by Pakistan army personals.  World's Best army is no other than PAKISTAN ARMY, As Spirit.  USA Said that With my weapon and Pakistan Army Spirit I can Conquer the whole world  In current days according to my point of view Pakistan army is ranked a no1 in the world. If you see the history of Pakistan army you will see that Pakistan army face a 7times bigger Indian army more than 3 times defeat Indian army 2 times 1965 and 1999 kargil war. No other army has such records even US army.
  6. 6. Arms and Ammunitions of Pak Army are divided into following categories. I. Heavy Armored Weapons 2,672 II. Light and heavy weapons 1,509 III. Wheeled armored and vehicles = 255 IV. Current no of tanks of Pak Army = 4,000  Currently Pakistan has 200 (Al-Khalid MBT-2000) tanks, which is redesigned with latest and modern technical capabilities with the collaboration of China.  T-80UD, is another main battle field tank, Pakistan army has purchased 320 Ukrainian T-80UD main battle tanks in a deal worth $650 million.  Al-Zarrar is the main battle tank (MBT) of the Pakistani Army, developed and produced by Pakistan's Heavy Industries Taxila (HIT). The Al-Zarrar tank was developed by modernizing and rebuilding the obsolete Chinese Type 59 tank.
  7. 7. Pakistan Air force has 65,000 full time personnel (Including 3000 pilots), 10,000 reservists and 902 Air crafts. The no of fighting jets that Pakistan has, are listed below: I. JF-17 Thunder = 45 II. F-16 Fighting Falcon = 63 III. Dassault Mirage = 75 IV. Chengdu F-7 Skybolt = 186 V. MFI-17 Mushshak = 40 VI. K-8 Karakorum = 48 VII. Lockheed C-130 =18 VIII. Saab 2000 = 1 Beside these jets Pakistan also has a wide range of fighting helicopters about 600 different types of helicopters are included in PAF.
  8. 8. After Army, the most equipped, modernized and capable part of Pakistan's defense is its missile system. Because of its missiles system India and most of the European countries are in fear because Pakistan is the county whose 70% defense system is based on missile technology and has a waste range of active missile system. The missile system is divided into following categories. S.No Type Name 01 BRBM 02 SRBM 03 MRBM 04 IRBM 05 ICBM Hatf-I/IA, Abdali-I, Nasr (Hatf-IX) Ghaznavi ,Abdali-II Ghauri I, Shaheen I, Ghauri II, Shaheen II Ghauri-III, Shaheen-III Taimur 7,000 km, (Underdevelopment) Babur (Hatf VII) Hatf-VIII (Ra'ad) Range (KM) 80,180,60 290,180, 1500,800, 2300,2000 2500,4500 -,700,350
  9. 9.  Pak NAVY is the naval branch of the military of Pakistan. It is responsible for Pakistan's 1,046 kilometer (650 mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the defense of important harbors. It operates a wide range of ships ranging from cruisers to destroyers as well as submarines.  The Pakistan Navy has around 24,000 active personnel and 5,000 in reserve. The force includes a small Naval Air Arm and the approximately 2,000 member paramilitary Maritime Security Agency, charged primarily with protecting Pakistan's exclusive economic zone(EEZ). The Navy also comprises the Special Services Group Navy, a marine commando unit as well. I. SURFACE VESSELS S.NO. CLASS TYPE ORIGEN 1 Zulfiquar class frigate(4) Multi-role frigate PAK/CHINA 2 Tariq-class frigate(6) Multi-role frigate UNITED KINGDOM 3 Alamgir class frigate(1) Guided Missile Frigate USA
  10. 10. II. SUBMARINES S.NO CLASS TYPE 1 Hashmat class submarine Hunter-Killer Submarine 2 Khalid class submarine Hunter-Killer submarine 3 X-Craft Midget submarine Shallow Water Attack Submarine ORIGEN FRANCE PAK/FRANCE PAK/ITALY Currently the PN Aviation Force consists of: 3 Westland Lynx – anti-ship/anti-submarine/transport helicopters 6 Westland Sea King Mk45 – Anti Submarine/ Anti Surface Warfare 8 Aérospatiale SA-319B Alouette III – transport/anti-ship helicopters 7 Lockheed P-3C Orion – maritime surveillance/anti-submarine warfare aircraft/airborne 7 Fokker F27-200 Friendship – maritime surveillance aircraft 4 Hawker 850 – VIP transport aircraft 2 Breguet Atlantique I – maritime surveillance/anti-submarine warfare aircraft 32+ Dassault Mirage V – anti-ship attack aircraft flown by PAF anti-submarine warfare helicopters equipped with a surface-search radar, low frequency dipping sonar, radar warning receiver, Doppler navigation system and armed with torpedoes.