Overview of the development process for ASAA: Progress to date and timeline


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Information sharing on the development of a Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa With inputs for CAADP-CGIAR alignment
April 13, 2013
Dublin, Ireland

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Overview of the development process for ASAA: Progress to date and timeline

  1. 1. Presentation to Dublin Process Workshop: Dublin, Ireland April 13th 2013Overview of the development process forASAA: Progress to date and timelineby Geoffrey C. MremaCo- Chair of EP of ASAASokoine University of Agriculture [SUA]P.O. Box 3233,MOROGORO, TANZANIA
  2. 2. Outline of the Presentation• Introduction• Initial FARA review of ASAA Oct 2012 – Feb 2013– Purpose; ownership and audience of ASAA– Initial thoughts on the elements of the ASAA– Institutional arrangements for the development of ASAA• Formation of the Expert Panel & its Workshops March& April 2013– Recommendations on work-plan– Outline on the Discussion Paper on Framework for ASAA– Timeline for Delivery• Concluding Remarks• Concluding CommentsPresentation to Dublin Process Workshop: Dublin, Ireland April 13th 2013
  3. 3. Introduction• The need for Agriculture Science Agenda for Africa[ASAA] has been very well justified in several FARA &Dublin Process documents• Although initial aim was to align CGIAR agenda to theCAADP one – imperative to look at the issue morebroadly & take a long term perspective• Need to align ASAA to the work of all players in AR4Dprocess in Africa• NARS & their SROs remain the largest part of AR4D inAfrica – human; infrastructure; political support etc.• Impact of CGIAR in Africa depends on efficient NARSand SROs as well as FARA.Presentation to Dublin Process Workshop: Dublin, Ireland April 13th 2013
  4. 4. Initial FARA Review - 1• Purpose of ASAA:– Recognized that ASAA emanates from the Dublin Process - alignmentof CGIAR & CAADP agendas– But content and imperative of ASAA go beyond alignment of CGIAR &CAADP agendas– ASAA needs to align efforts of all AR4D actors [NARS; SROs;CGIAR; ARIs, private sector etc.] around a common framework• Ownership & audience of ASAA:– Insufficient ownership & buy-in by key stakeholders affected impact ofprevious similar initiatives – IAS report– Need to identify primary audience of the ASAA including developing itsappropriate communication strategy to key stakeholders– Policy makers particularly important for ASAA – need to preparespecial summary report for them especially for the AUC systemculminating with a presentation to the July 2014 AUC SummitPresentation to Dublin Process Workshop: Dublin, Ireland April 13th 2013
  5. 5. Initial FARA review - 2• Ideas on content of ASAA should include:– Short, medium and long term perspectives - under the banner ‘ScienceAgenda for Agriculture in Africa for the 21st Century’– Priority science options for developmental impact e.g. increasingAgGDP; food security & nutrition; wealth creation & poverty reduction– Pathways to sustainably overcoming the ‘ productivity trap’ in itsimplementation action plan– Institutional aspects – including possible restructuring of mainAR4D institutions around major functional areas –• Increasing productivity, incomes and protecting the environment• Improve nutrition; food safety and quality• Increase competitiveness & access to markets – post harvest systems• Knowledge generation and its application – education systems• Human capital development & enabling policies and institutions• Enhance integration & coordination at all levels [NARS.SRO,RO, Global],FAP & Pillar 4 DocumentsPresentation to Dublin Process Workshop: Dublin, Ireland April 13th 2013
  6. 6. Initial FARA review - 3• FARA recognized that ASAA has to be Africa led andowned including at policy level & at highest level– Need to set up institutional mechanisms to guide theprocess of its development– The mechanisms need to report to currentgovernance structures of FARA & AUC including:• FARA Board and General Assembly• AUC Ministerial meetings and Summit– Africa led and owned structures have to beestablished to guide the process including:• An Oversight Group [OG] to superintend the overall process• An Experts Panel [EP] to lead the technical process• Define role of the FARA Secretariat in the processPresentation to Dublin Process Workshop: Dublin, Ireland April 13th 2013
  7. 7. Institutional Issues -1• Oversight Group - [OG]:– Under the FARA Board it provides oversight and coordination indevelopment of the ASAA & FARA secretariat is its convenor• Composition:– AUC, NPCA, FARA Sec, AFAAS, PAFFO, PanAAC, Education networks– SROs (ASARECA, CCARDESA, CORAF/WECARD and NASRO), RECs,– The CGIAR Consortium, the World Bank and IFAD• ToRs of OG:– Mainstream the ASAA into country and regional CAADP processes;– Ensure relevance, value addition and applicability of the ASAA’s content– Build stakeholder buy-in and ownership of the ASAA– Prepare ToRs and constitute the Expert Panel [EP] & its Teams– On Expert Panel’s advice, commission relevant studies to support thedevelopment of ASAA; Ensure follow up of Expert Panel’s advice;– Facilitate establishment of synergies with complementary CAADP, CGIAR& related programsPresentation to Dublin Process Workshop: Dublin, Ireland April 13th 2013
  8. 8. Institutional Issues - 2• ToRs of the Expert Panel - [EP]:– Advise on the development of ASAA specifically on:• Content and structure; Methodology and timeframe• Target audience; building buy-in & ownership by stakeholders• Complementary studies and consultations (e.g. D-groups, e-consultation) tobe commissioned; Peer review of the report– Review relevant literature and collect the necessarydata/information– Prepare the ASAA document – draft by July 2013 final byNovember 2013– Provide high-level political advocacy and champion the causeof the ASAA• Chair of EP provides overall leadership & champions the ASAA• Co-chair provides technical leadership on the development of ASAAincluding leadership of the Synthesis teamPresentation to Dublin Process Workshop: Dublin, Ireland April 13th 2013
  9. 9. Institutional issues - 3• ToRs for FARA Secretariat in the development of the ASAA:– Serving as focal point and convenor for the Science Agenda– Providing complementary technical support to Expert Panel & Oversight Group• Guidance and technical support to facilitate compliance with technical aspects of their ToRs;• Identification and compilation of supporting documents;• Providing support in conceptualisation of content, methodology and process for developmentof ASAA;• Leveraging resources and complementarities with other Forum activities;• Mobilisation of stakeholders to ensure buy-in and ownership;• Facilitating knowledge sharing, communication and public awareness• Hosting the official website for ASAA– Providing administrative & operational support for effective functioning of the ExpertPanel and Oversight Group including:• Providing logistical support;• Facilitating the constitution of the Expert Panel;• Facilitating dissemination of public awareness materials and capturing feedback duringdevelopment of the ASAA;• Recruiting consultants and facilitating compliance with administrative and legal aspectsof their contractsPresentation to Dublin Process Workshop: Dublin, Ireland April 13th 2013
  10. 10. Formation of Expert Panel [EP]Expert Panel MembershipPresentation to FARA/IFAD Consultation on ASAA – Rome, Italy 19th March 20131. Kanayo Nwanze, Chair2. Geoffrey Mrema, Co-Chair3. Pierre Fabre4. Lance O’Brien5. Yusuf Abubakar6. Ndeye Coumba Fall7. Agnes Mwangombe8. Siwa Msangi, IFPRI9. Yihenew Zewdie10.Howard Elliott11.Mandivamba Rukuni12.Gabrielle Persley,
  11. 11. EP Orientation & Planning Workshops - March 2013• Orientation Workshop – Objective: to furnish EP withbackground to ASAA; its envisaged structure and proposeddevelopment process• Retreat by the EP – Objectives: to enable EP members to bond asa team; internalize their assignment; develop an outline of the ASAAand a timetable for its delivery & associated milestones• Planning Workshop with FARA Secretariat: Objectives: To reflecton the outcomes of the EP Retreat; Agree on requirements forimplementing the assignment including administrative issues.• Proposals from the consultations of the EP considered byFARA and other stakeholders in workshops held in Accra andRome and endorsed for implementationPresentation to FARA/IFAD Consultation on ASAA – Rome, Italy 19th March 2013
  12. 12. EP Retreat – March 2013 - 1• EP reviewed its ToRs and timeline for delivery of outcomes• The EP agreed to– Produce a detailed discussion paper of the main issues involved inASAA which will then be subjected to extensive stakeholderconsultation– The Discussion Paper [DP] draft title: A Science Agenda forAgriculture in Africa: A Long Term Strategic Framework– The draft of the paper should be ready by end of May 2013 forconsideration by Oversight Group [OG] and other stakeholders beforebeing tabled to the FARA General Assembly in July 2013 forconsideration and approval– The Science Agenda Framework Document should be finalized by theEP by 30th September 2013 for submission to the FARA Board at itsNovember 2013 meeting and– To the AUC for consideration by senior officials of MoA’s, MinisterialMeeting and the Summit in July 2014.• The EP developed the detailed outline of the Discussion PaperPresentation to Dublin Process Workshop: Dublin, Ireland April 13th 2013
  13. 13. EP Retreat – March 2013 - 2• The EP agreed on the following nine sections of the Discussion Paper:1. Introduction2. Setting the Scene3. The state of science, technology, innovation and extension inAgriculture in Africa4. Mega trends affecting agricultural development in Africa5. How can Science make a difference in agricultural development -theory of change6. Strategic issues in developing a Science Agenda7. Suggested thematic focus areas where Science could make adifference in Agriculture in Africa8. Conditions for adoption of a Science Agenda9. Proposed process of engagement and timelinePresentation to Dublin Process Workshop: Dublin, Ireland April 13th 2013
  14. 14. EP Retreat – March 2013 - 3• 1. Introduction– The changing global context & opportunities for Africa’s development– Purpose of the Discussion Paper– Scope of ASAA – CAADP; Science in a broad sense.• 2. Setting the scene– Challenges of African agriculture (incl. Structural evolution of agriculture etc.)– Review of past visions and strategies for a Science Agenda in Africa– Why a Science Agenda now?– How this initiative is different from previous ones• 3. The state of science, technology, innovation and extension in agriculture inAfrica– Evolution of science, technology, extension and innovation– Current state of science, technology, extension and innovation– Institutional architecture (need to also include reference to tertiary agriculturaleducational institutions – TAEIs; different research approaches – formal andinformal/participatory)Presentation to Dublin Process Workshop: Dublin, Ireland April 13th 2013
  15. 15. EP Retreat – March 2013 - 4• 4. Mega Trends affecting agricultural development in Africa– General:• Demographic trends: urbanization; ageing rural population, youth un-employment• Changing Dietary patterns; food safety & quality; nutrition• Mega- cities; -regions and –corridors; external demand for land & water resources• Regional integration & role of RECs, regional food trade; price volatility• ICTs and their role – Market information & rural finance,• Climate change and variability; trans-boundary river management• Conservation of genetic resources and bio-diversity protection– Emerging Science Trends:• Sustainable intensification cf. policy emphasis on external input intensive agriculture• Bioinformatics & Emerging technologies (e.g., GMOs and nanotechnology)• Animal and plant associated diseases; Urban and peri-urban agriculture• Innovative social capital approaches• Agricultural mechanization and labor saving technologies• Institutional arrangements for agric. science and technology (from the domestic to the globallevels); Structural stability and sustainability of organisations (incl. ageing scientific staff)5. How can Science make a difference in agricultural development inAfrica:• Desired outcomes, interventions and assumptionsPresentation to Dublin Process Workshop: Dublin, Ireland April 13th 2013
  16. 16. EP Retreat – March 2013 - 56. Strategic issues in developing a Science Agenda:• Scientific approaches relevant to African situation• What spectrum of science is needed to respond to African challenges?What criteria can be used to prioritise the type of Science?• Enhancement of the effectiveness of agricultural development includingsupport to different classes of farmers?• Supporting the needs of farmers and other operators along the value chain atdifferent scales of operation?• Addressing the different roles of agriculture in Africa?• Science and Policy interface: Increasing investments from publicand private sectors, provision of data and evidence for more effective policymaking; role of policies; institutions and leadership; improving currentsystems in innovation.• Improving Existing Scientific SystemsPresentation to Dublin Process Workshop: Dublin, Ireland April 13th 2013
  17. 17. EP Retreat – March 2013 - 67. Thematic Areas:– Increasing production & productivity– Climate Change adaptation and environmentalsustainability– Food systems, nutrition, safety and food security– Markets, regional integration and international trade– Social institutions, local knowledge and genderrelations– institutional and policy effectivenessPresentation to Dublin Process Workshop: Dublin, Ireland April 13th 2013
  18. 18. EP Retreat – March 2013 - 78. Conditions for adoption of the Science Agenda:– Need for short; medium and long term agendaincluding visioning– Linkage and support to CAADP at all levels– Support from national; regional and internationalagencies in their strategic reviews to ASAA– Visioning : including building systemic capacity toaddress emerging issues from ASAA in the long term– Inclusion if education and HR development capacity– Investment in science capacity & budgetaryallocations at right levels.Presentation to Dublin Process Workshop: Dublin, Ireland April 13th 2013
  19. 19. EP Retreat – 8: Outcomes9. Process of engagement and timeline– Preliminary consultations – January – March– Preparation of Discussion paper March - May– Stakeholder consultation incl. OG; SROs June– Issues tabled at FARA GA July 20th– E-consultation – August 2013– Preparation of final draft report OF ASAA by 30thSeptember– Approval by FARA Board Nov 2013, submission toAUC for review & consultations Jan – June 2014– Submission to AU Summit – July 2014.Presentation to Dublin Process Workshop: Dublin, Ireland April 13th 2013
  20. 20. Conclusions• FARA believes through outlined process acredible ASAA report which has been subjectedto extensive stakeholder consultation can beproduced for consideration by the AUC Summitin July 2014• FARA appreciates the support of the membersof the Dublin Process and welcomes theircomments and recommendationsTHANK YOU!Presentation to Dublin Process Workshop: Dublin, Ireland April 13th 2013