Why Alignment is critical for CAADP in Sustaining the Momentum
Why Alignment is critical forCAADP in Sustaining theMomentumMandi RukuniPresented at the Inoformation Sharing Workshop on the development of aScience Agenda for Agriculture in Africa with inputs for CAADP-CGIARalignmentBallsbridge Hotel, Mezzanine Suite, Upper Level Dublin, Irelan April 13,2013
Continuity and change…• Building on success of the first decade• Alignment on failures of the first decade• The most significant success of CAADP has been the alignmentof the technical process with the political process
The African Context• African economies on a sustained growth path• Yet Africa still: food insecure; low agricproductivity; low rural incomes• Urbanization: 50% urban by 2035• Youthful population: (40% under age 23)• Is CAADP providing the instrument to respondto these challenges and opportunities?
Challenges/Opportunities facingCAADPWhat stakeholders have told us in the“Sustaining CAADP Momentum” consultativeprocess:•too much focus on the issue of public financing•too much focus on the supply side and not on makingmarkets work•weak inter-ministerial and inter-sectoral coordination
Challenges/Opportunities facingCAADPWhat stakeholders have told us in the“Sustaining CAADP Momentum” consultativeprocess:•consistent and coherent African vision, agenda andpositions•risk of bureaucratization = talks no action on concreteconcerns of agriculture•multiplicity of initiatives
CAADP implementation &achievements• Agriculture is back to the political and policy agenda• Political commitment to increased budgets• Mobilised stakeholders around a common agenda• Promoted regional integration and coordination• MDTF support to capacities of AU institutions
CAADP implementation &achievements• Evidence-based & peer-reviewed agricultural plans• Point of departure for governments in their engagementwith domestic international private investors• CAADP now firmly branded as African idea and hasmassive political currency
* 30 CountryCompactsOver 40Countriesactivelyengaging* 24 country Businessmeetings* 27 NationalInvestment Plans1 regional compact &Investment Plan (ECOWAS)CAADP implementation &achievements
CAADP failures in 1st Decade• CAADP raised high expectations of mobilization new resources• Confined itself to investment plans and created a financialdependency to which only donors could respond• African financial institutions (AfDB, regional developmentbanks, and private investors) hardly involved• Not much focus on Institutional capacity; policy reform
Alignment implications of 1stdecade failures• African countries need to regain leadership of the process by:• Promoting economic policy instruments at relatively modest cost• Mobilise domestic resources and reduce dependence on donors• Policy instrument implementation and institutional changes• New thrust for CAADP should not lead countries to repeatplanning processes:• focus on programme implementation, institutional arrangement,and policy tools designing and negotiations; including some PEA
So what does this mean for the ScienceAgenda and CGIAR Alignment?• Renewing commitment to research and technologyservices through inclusive and consultative processes• Delivery of RESULTS and IMPACT throughIMPLEMENTATION and EXECUTION• Opportunity for bold action in face of changingglobal/local factors• Aligning Science Agenda and CAADP/CGIAR Agendas tothe African political process
CAADP’s Strategic Thrust on Knowledge & KnowledgeSupportKnowledge and knowledge supportfor public and business stakeholders, including farmer andcommodity associationsKnowledge,Informationand Skills (KIS)AgricultureScience AgendaAgricultureEducation andTrainingICT inAgriculturalTransformation
Bold Actions Needed• Africa and CAADP should develop a master-plan for:• Reducing dependence on food aid• Advancing into new breadbasket for the world• The plan should lay out the transition from a “resource”to an “efficiency/innovation” driven economy• Africans better utilise natural resources to leverageknow-how, technology, markets, jobs and capital todevelop and modernise agriculture and economy.
CAADP is a transformationAgenda:• Agriculture-led social and economic transformation• Change and transformation in agriculture must start fromwithin the continent and its people• It has to start with smallholder farmers, households andcommunities• Enhancing opportunities for women
CAADP is a transformationAgenda:• Youth (60% of population) and workforce development• Africa needs to develop enforceable policies and guidelinesthat promote responsible and inclusive development• Adoption of climate-smart and sustainable agriculture both interms of addressing the impact of climate and demographicchange today and also into the future.
CAADP is a transformationAgenda:• Africa has now to strengthen its institutions to deliver results byre-building the culture of getting things done• And the culture of solving problems as they arise in trying toachieve major gaols.• Institutional and policy effectiveness are a result of learning bydoing-- commitment to action and implementation• Accompanied by commitment to learning from experiences,and investing lessons into upgrading systems and procedures.
CAADP is a transformationAgenda: A Change Theory• Transformation is about PEOPLE• Transformation is about LEADERSHIP• Transformation is a KNOWLEDGE agenda• KNOWLEDGE is about LEARNING (not information transfer)• LEARNING happens only at the point of ACTION• Science is therefore a LEARNING agenda for all• SCIENCE therefore should contribute to how PEOPLE LEARNfor themselves to help themselves
CONCLUSIONS• Alignment is about continuity and change• The Science Agenda for Agriculture in Africa is now firmly onthe AU/NEPAD strategic path• But the demands are all the way across the value-chain andacross the diversity of stakeholders• Science should place more emphasis on sustainableintensification
CONCLUSIONS• Institutional strengthening and policy alignment majorpriorities• Aligning technical and political energy will offer greaterprospects for investment and action in research andtechnology• The Science Agenda, CGIAR, and other efforts need alignmentwith a transformation process that is people centered• At the end of it all Development is about People