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  2. 2. ORGANIZING YOUR SPEECH CONCLUSION The conclusion should be short and to the point. BODY That is where the speaker’s message is presented. INTRODUCTION Should capture the attention of audience, give them a reason for listening , and clearly state the central idea of speech.
  3. 3. PLANNING THE BODY There are four steps to follow as you plan the body of your speech: 1. Decide the main points. 2. Write your main points as complete sentences 3. Arrange central idea and main points 4. Add appropriate supporting material
  4. 4. 1. Decide on Main Points • The central idea you have chosen should determine the main point you select. • Choose a single focused message rather than trying to cover multiple topics.
  5. 5. • It will help you in determining whether they reinforce or clarify your central ideas effectively and whether they cover your subject adequately. • Each main point should be stated clearly and succinctly 2. Write your main points as complete sentences
  6. 6. Four suggestions for developing main points for your speech: 1. They should clarify or reinforce your central idea 2. They should cover your subject adequately They should be equal in importance They should be worded in a similar way
  7. 7. 3. Arrange Central Idea and Main Points 1. Chronological order • You relate a series of incidents or explain a process or step – from first to the last 2. General to specific • The central idea usually given in the introduction and the main points is in a general statement.
  8. 8. 3. Topical • A pattern of arrangement is suggested by the topic itself. 4. Spatial • a subject might fall quite naturally into spatial arrangement. 5. Cause and Effect • This way is most often used for persuasive speeches. From cause to an effect ( advantages or disadvantages ). 6. Problem – Solution • Begins with an introduction that states a problem as central idea and the solutions of the problems at the body. 7. Motivated sequence • A persuasive speaking and help audience to get enthused about the advantages of that solution.
  9. 9. 4. Add Appropriate Supporting Material Supporting materials Are necessary for clarifying or proving the points you make in the body of your speech. It is the quality and relevancy of the supports you choose that make your ideas clear, interesting, and acceptable to your audience.
  10. 10. A number of suggestions for providing coherence: • Also • Again • As a result, etc. Use Transitional Words • “There are three main reason: first… second… third…” • “Point A is this…..” Use Enumerative Signposts • “Our Nuclear buildup isn’t defense. Our Nuclear buildup is suicide.” Repeat Key Words • “This Concludes the discussion of step 2, stripping. Next we will consider step 3, standing.” Conclude your discussion • “Now we have finished our discussion of step 3, standing, we are ready to move on to step 4, refinishing.” A point to finish the discussion
  11. 11. TRANSITIONS • Transitions will help to provide coherence to your speech so that your ideas flow smoothly from one point to the next.
  12. 12. Questions part 1 1. Roni Irawan how the way you written your body of speech in order to understand by your audience? 2. Ricky Risman what are the key characteristic of an effective speech? 3. Hariswir Satria what would you do if your viewer gives an unreasonable question to what you describe?
  13. 13. Questions part 2 4. Ayu Handayani I want to know your owns strategy to prepare your speech before you speak. 5. Zulhidaweni how we can decide the effectiveness main point until we can get a good main points? 6. Darnican how to make the content of our speech can be interesting for your audience?