PREPARING THE CONTENT OF YOUR SPEECH
RIACI BERTTY PARLIAN
ORGANIZING YOUR SPEECH
The conclusion should be short and to the point.
That is where the speaker’s message is presented.
Should capture the attention of audience, give them a reason for listening
, and clearly state the central idea of speech.
PLANNING THE BODY
There are four steps to follow as you plan the body of
1. Decide the main points.
2. Write your main points as complete sentences
3. Arrange central idea and main points
4. Add appropriate supporting material
1. Decide on Main Points
• The central idea you have chosen should
determine the main point you select.
• Choose a single focused message rather than
trying to cover multiple topics.
• It will help you in determining whether they
reinforce or clarify your central ideas
effectively and whether they cover your
• Each main point should be stated clearly and
2. Write your main points as
Four suggestions for developing main points for your
be equal in
in a similar
3. Arrange Central Idea and Main Points
1. Chronological order
• You relate a series of incidents or explain a process or step –
from first to the last
2. General to specific
• The central idea usually given in the introduction and the
main points is in a general statement.
• A pattern of arrangement is suggested by the topic itself.
• a subject might fall quite naturally into spatial arrangement.
5. Cause and Effect
• This way is most often used for persuasive speeches. From cause to an
effect ( advantages or disadvantages ).
6. Problem – Solution
• Begins with an introduction that states a problem as central idea and the
solutions of the problems at the body.
7. Motivated sequence
• A persuasive speaking and help audience to get enthused about the
advantages of that solution.
4. Add Appropriate Supporting Material
Are necessary for clarifying or proving the
points you make in the body of your
It is the quality and relevancy of the
supports you choose that make your ideas
clear, interesting, and acceptable to your
A number of suggestions for providing coherence:
• As a result, etc.
Use Transitional Words
• “There are three main reason: first… second…
• “Point A is this…..”
Use Enumerative Signposts
• “Our Nuclear buildup isn’t defense. Our Nuclear
buildup is suicide.”
Repeat Key Words
• “This Concludes the discussion of step 2, stripping.
Next we will consider step 3, standing.”
Conclude your discussion
• “Now we have finished our discussion of step 3,
standing, we are ready to move on to step 4,
A point to finish the discussion
• Transitions will help to provide coherence to
your speech so that your ideas flow smoothly
from one point to the next.
Questions part 1
1. Roni Irawan
how the way you written your body of speech in
order to understand by your audience?
2. Ricky Risman
what are the key characteristic of an effective
3. Hariswir Satria
what would you do if your viewer gives an
unreasonable question to what you describe?
Questions part 2
4. Ayu Handayani
I want to know your owns strategy to prepare
your speech before you speak.
how we can decide the effectiveness main point
until we can get a good main points?
how to make the content of our speech can be
interesting for your audience?