Fort Caroline

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Fort Caroline

  1. 1. FORT CAROLINE
  2. 2.  In February of 1562, a French expedition organized by a Charlesfort, Protestant leader and led by a Norman navigator landed at the Here Today, site of the May river, now known as St. Johns River. There they Gone established the first French colony in the present day United Tomorrow. States. It was located in what is known today as Jacksonville, Florida and named Charlesfort. The leader of the expedition sailed back to France to return with supplies for the new colony but was intercepted in England and arrested, unable to return. The settlement went without leadership and supplies and was suffering from attacks by the Native Indians. The settlers abandoned Charlesfort and set sail to return to England but became lost and were rescued in English waters after they had to resort to cannibalism to survive.
  3. 3.  In 1564, Rene Goulaine de Laudonniere led a contingent of around 200 settlers back to Florida where they founded Fort Caroline in the name of the French King, Charles IX. It was built as a settlement as well as a refuge for the Huguenots, who were members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France from the 16th to 18th centuries.  For over a year the fort suffered through famine, Indian attacks, and mutiny. In June of 1565 a large fleet and hundreds of soldiers were sent to reinforce Fort Caroline due to impending threats by Spain to the territory. But only days after their arrival Spanish forces skirmished with the French forces but retreated South. The French fleet followed them but were destroyed in a storm leaving Fort Caroline unprotected. The Spanish forces took the Fort with brutal force, and were said to be so merciless it put an end to French settlement of the Atlantic Coast of North America.

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