The endangered gorillas

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The endangered gorillas

  1. 1. Ria bohidar 8-j
  2. 2. The gorilla • Gorillas are ground-dwelling, predominantly herbivorous apes that inhabit the forests of central Africa. • The DNA of gorillas is highly similar to that of humans. • They are the next closest living relatives to humans after the bonobo and common chimpanzee. • Their natural habitats cover tropical or sub tropical forests in Africa. • The closest relatives of gorillas are chimpanzees and humans. • Wild males gorillas weigh 135 to 180 kg while adult females usually weigh half as much as adult males at 68–113 kg.
  3. 3. Did you know??? • Mountain gorillas mostly eat foliage, such as leaves, stems, pith, and shoots, while fruit makes up a very small part of their diets. They primarily eat bamboo. • Eastern lowland gorillas eat leaves , pith and fruits. • Western lowland gorillas depend more on fruits than anything else. • Gorillas rarely drink water "because they consume succulent vegetation that is comprised of almost half water . • Gorillas live in groups called troops that tend to be made of one adult male ,multiple adult females and their offspring.
  4. 4. know more… • Female gorillas mature at 10 to 12 years; males at 11 to 13 years. • Gorilla infants are vulnerable and dependant, thus mothers, their primary caregivers, are important to their survival. • A gorilla's lifespan is between 35 and 40 years, although zoo gorillas may live for 50 years and more. • Gorillas are considered highly intelligent. A few individuals in captivity, such as koko, have been taught a subset of sign language. • Gorillas can laugh, grieve, have "rich emotional lives", develop strong family bonds, make and use tools, and think about the past and future.
  5. 5. Conservation status • The eastern gorilla is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red list. • The mountain gorilla and the western gorilla listed as critically endangered. • Threats to gorilla survival include habitat destruction and poaching for the bushmeat trade. • In 2004, a population of several hundred gorillas in the Odzala National Park, Republic of Congo was essentially wiped out by the Ebola virus. • Conservation efforts include the Great Apes Survival Project and also an international treaty, the Agreement On The Conservation Of Gorillas And Their Habitat, concluded under UNEP-administered Convention On Migratory Species. The Gorilla Agreement is the first legally binding instrument exclusively targeting gorilla conservation.

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