• Gorillas are ground-dwelling, predominantly herbivorous apes that
inhabit the forests of central Africa.
• The DNA of gorillas is highly similar to that of humans.
• They are the next closest living relatives to humans after the bonobo
and common chimpanzee.
• Their natural habitats cover tropical or sub tropical forests in
• The closest relatives of gorillas are chimpanzees and humans.
• Wild males gorillas weigh 135 to 180 kg while adult females
usually weigh half as much as adult males at 68–113 kg.
Did you know???
• Mountain gorillas mostly eat foliage, such as leaves, stems, pith,
and shoots, while fruit makes up a very small part of their diets.
They primarily eat bamboo.
• Eastern lowland gorillas eat leaves , pith and fruits.
• Western lowland gorillas depend more on fruits than anything else.
• Gorillas rarely drink water "because they consume succulent
vegetation that is comprised of almost half water .
• Gorillas live in groups called troops that tend to be made of one
adult male ,multiple adult females and their offspring.
• Female gorillas mature at 10 to 12 years; males at 11 to 13 years.
• Gorilla infants are vulnerable and dependant, thus mothers, their
primary caregivers, are important to their survival.
• A gorilla's lifespan is between 35 and 40 years, although zoo
gorillas may live for 50 years and more.
• Gorillas are considered highly intelligent. A few individuals in
captivity, such as koko, have been taught a subset of sign
• Gorillas can laugh, grieve, have "rich emotional lives", develop
strong family bonds, make and use tools, and think about the past
• The eastern gorilla is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red list.
• The mountain gorilla and the western gorilla listed as critically
• Threats to gorilla survival include habitat destruction and poaching for
the bushmeat trade.
• In 2004, a population of several hundred gorillas in the Odzala
National Park, Republic of Congo was essentially wiped out by the
• Conservation efforts include the Great Apes Survival Project and also
an international treaty, the Agreement On The Conservation Of
Gorillas And Their Habitat, concluded under UNEP-administered
Convention On Migratory Species. The Gorilla Agreement is the first
legally binding instrument exclusively targeting gorilla conservation.