Music in the Early 20th
Century:
The Hegemony of Paris and Vienna
Musical “Nationalism” in the early
20th
century:
The dom...
Hungary – Béla Bartók (1881-1945)
Music with a “folk” idiom (father of
ethnomusicology), as well as a neo-
classical orien...
Bohemia –Leoš Janácek (1854-1928)
Primarily known for his operas,
which contain a strong folk element,
and, technically, e...
Italy – Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924)
La Bohème (1896)
Tosca (1900)
Madama Butterfly (1904)
Il Trittico (1918)
Turandot
The USA
Amy Beach (1867-1944)
Songs, Chamber Music,
Character Pieces, 1 Opera
Aaron Copland
(1900-1990)
Ballet, Songs, Ope...
The USA
Amy Beach (1867-1944)
Songs, Chamber Music,
Character Pieces, 1 Opera
Aaron Copland
(1900-1990)
Ballet, Songs, Ope...
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UNIT V - Class 32

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UNIT V - Class 32

  1. 1. Music in the Early 20th Century: The Hegemony of Paris and Vienna Musical “Nationalism” in the early 20th century: The dominant role played by developments in Paris and Vienna relegated other musical centers to the status of “other” Nevertheless, music thrived throughout Europe Regional approaches were free to respond to developments originating in Paris and Vienna, or cultivate a unique “folk” or “national” style
  2. 2. Hungary – Béla Bartók (1881-1945) Music with a “folk” idiom (father of ethnomusicology), as well as a neo- classical orientation Influenced by 19th -century German composers as well as Debussy 6 String Quartets Concertos and Sonatas Opera and Ballet Music for Strings, Percussion, and Celeste Concerto for Orchestra
  3. 3. Bohemia –Leoš Janácek (1854-1928) Primarily known for his operas, which contain a strong folk element, and, technically, extend in the line of continuous, integrated opera, associated with Weber, and Wagner
  4. 4. Italy – Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924) La Bohème (1896) Tosca (1900) Madama Butterfly (1904) Il Trittico (1918) Turandot
  5. 5. The USA Amy Beach (1867-1944) Songs, Chamber Music, Character Pieces, 1 Opera Aaron Copland (1900-1990) Ballet, Songs, Opera, Film George Gershwin (1898-1937) Porgy and Bess An American in Paris Countless popular songs Composed works in a personal style which extended both Classical and Romantic elements from 19th century music Cultivated a uniquely American style, by utilizing aspects of folk music and jazz First American composer to successfully integrate jazz elements within a classical context
  6. 6. The USA Amy Beach (1867-1944) Songs, Chamber Music, Character Pieces, 1 Opera Aaron Copland (1900-1990) Ballet, Songs, Opera, Film George Gershwin (1898-1937) Porgy and Bess An American in Paris Countless popular songs Composed works in a personal style which extended both Classical and Romantic elements from 19th century music Cultivated a uniquely American style, by utilizing aspects of folk music and jazz First American composer to successfully integrate jazz elements within a classical context

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