2004-10-09 MANE-VU Status Report on CATT and FASTNET


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2004-10-09 MANE-VU Status Report on CATT and FASTNET

  1. 1. MANE-VU Status Report on CATT and FASTNET R. Poirot, VT DEC, 9/30/04 CATT: Combined Aerosol Trajectory Tools FASTNET: Fast Aerosol Sensing Tools for Natural Event Tracking Both are Inter-RPO Projects, Conducted by CAPITA (R. Husar), Managed for MANE-VU by: MARAMA (Serpil Kayin, CATT) & NESCAUM (Gary Kleiman, FASTNET)
  2. 2. Status: CATT & FASTNET have been Eaten by DataFed.Net
  3. 3. Within DATAFED.NET, CATT & FASTNET are 2 of many “ Projects” which Share Many Common “ Datasets” which can be Viewed, Compared, Archived, Exported, Analyzed & Interpreted, using a variety of Tools & Web-Based “ Applications”
  4. 4. Data Catalog(s) Provide Access to Many: Fast (rapidly available), Current (near-real-time, recently archived & continuing) and Slow (historical data Like IMPROVE Aerosol & ATAD trajectories)
  5. 5. Data Catalogs: Aerosol, Fire, Maps, Meteorology, Emissions, Images, Events
  6. 6. Data Viewer: Open & View Any File in Catalog(s). Many Files Include Time Series, Linked to Map – Point & Click. Zoom Map or Time series, Change Size, Symbols, Variables, Add Layers, Export Data – Copy Paste.
  7. 7. Data Files Accessed & Archived Specifically for FASTNET. Note Varying Start dates (1988-2004), with Most Continuing. VIEWS_CHEM (IMPROVE Aerosol) and ATAD Trajectories (NPS) are currently used in CATT Applications
  8. 8. Start with Kitty: http:// webapps . datafed .net/ dvoy _services/ datafed . aspx ?view=Kitty Kitty DataFed .net Large Collection of Projects, Data, Tools. Where’s CATT “Start”?
  9. 9. Change Species or Site Filtering & Data Export Change Sites by Point & Click Kitty Acadia SO4 > 15 ug/m3
  10. 10. 1. Start with Kitty to Explore Any Combinations of IMPROVE & ATAD Traj. Data (any/all sites & years). 2. Export CSV file of Selected Data & Copy/Paste into CSV Table Editor and Save for Subsequent Analysis.
  11. 11. 1. Change Traj Sort. 2. Plot in Kitty 2. Export file as CSV data. 3. Copy/Paste into File Editor,Save. 4. Open YourFile in TrajAggGrid… Save(d) as: ALLpost99OCge10.csv
  12. 12. Select All Sites and Dates after 1/1/99 if : Organic Carbon >= 10 ug/m3. Fires in the West & Southeast (but not much in MANE-VU) Save CSV file & open in Trajectory Aggregator/Gridder, Weight Traj. by OC Concentration (or not), Normalize (or not) & Plot.
  13. 13. Na >= 1.5 ug/m3 Sea Salt Comes from the Sea, as She Should. BRIG & ACAD Battelle PMF/Unmix modeling indicated a Sea Salt source at 6 MANE-VU sites, Increasing over time. Why? Is West Coast Sea Salt Increasing?
  14. 14. Fine Soil >7.5, post-1999, All Sites & All Months Fine Soil > 7.5, All Years, All Sites, July-Only Western & Asian Dust (Primarily Spring) Eastern Sahara Dust (Primarily Summer)
  15. 15. All US Sites, Nitrate >= 7.5 ug/m3 Western US, Nitrate >= 7.5 ug/m3 Eastern US, Nitrate >= 7.5 ug/m3 Eastern US (minus DC), Nitrate >= 7.5 ug/m3 South-Central California is large Source of High NO3 in West Eastern NO3 from both Eastern Agricultural & Urban areas
  16. 16. Arsenic Nickel Nickel Selenium Nickel
  17. 17. SO4 > 15 ug/m3
  18. 18. If SO4 > 15 for entire IMPROVE network and entire period of record (25 sites). Top 10% of “Secondary Sulfate Source” from Battelle PMF at ACAD, BRIG, GRSM, LYBR, MACA, SHEN & WASH (7 sites)
  19. 19. All US sites, dv >=30 All US sites, SO4 >=15 Areas upwind of all sites for Highest dv = Highest SO4 Areas upwind of High SO4 = areas of high SO2 emissions 1999 EGU SO2 Emissions from EPA Clean Air Markets, layered with NPS ATAD trajectories for high IMPROVE SO4 via DataFed Viewer...
  20. 20. http://webapps.datafed.net/dvoy_services/datafed.aspx?view=CATT_PERC_DIFF CATT Percent Difference Tool Calculates Incremental Probabilities for any IMPROVE Site and Species and any Percentile Concentration Arsenic at Acadia
  21. 21. SO4 at SHEN NO3 at SHEN NO3 at WASH SO4 at WASH Incremental Probabilities for Top 10% SO4 & NO3 at SHEN & WASH
  22. 22. <ul><li>CATT Future: </li></ul><ul><li>Add Additional Ensemble Trajectory Metrics </li></ul><ul><li>“ Automatically” update as new Traj & Aerosol data are available (Kristi Gebhart has just updated ATADs for most recent IMPROVE) </li></ul><ul><li>Add Additional Aerosol (STN) & Trajectory Data (Kristi is Willing to Crank ATADs for Entire STN Network – triple site density) </li></ul><ul><li>Continued Support from MANE-VU, other RPOs(?) & other DataFed.Net Partners (NSF, NASA, EPA, etc.). </li></ul>
  23. 24. SURF_MET bext & “dry bext” (& other met) is global. 3873 sites for this hour, 1795 (circled) reporting bext. In “North American” domain below, there are 1870 sites with 1425 reporting visibility (blue). Red sites are 249 US-only, ASOS-only sites for which STI provides higher resolution bext, based on access to raw, uncensored data.
  24. 25. ASOS-STI “Dry Bext” vs. AIRNOW PM2.5 for NE NO3 & SW Dust on 2/19/04 Same as Above but using much denser SURF_MET ASOS gridded & contoured with AIRNOW PM2.5
  25. 26. Real-time Surface Meteorology provided a rich met context. Link to the Animation of the period Feb 19-21
  26. 27. FASTNET Aerosol Analyst Console(s): Snaps of Near-Real-Time Data Example: NE Sulfate Episode on 8/27/04 at 17:00 UTC (page 1 of 2)
  27. 28. FASTNET Aerosol Analyst Console, 8/27/04 at 17:00 UTC (page 2 of 2) Fires in the Southeast, Sahara Dust in the Gulf, Sulfate in the Northeast
  28. 29. Quebec Fires, July 6, 2002 SeaWiFS, METAR & TOMS Index Superimposed SeaWiFS satellite and METAR surface haze shown in the Voyager distributed data browser Satellite data are fetched from NASA GSFC; surface data from NWS/CAPITA servers
  29. 30. PM-2.5 vs. ASOS Bext during 7/02 Quebec Smoke Event. Note Ratio of scales = 6:1 implying 6 m2/g for Organics (which = 1.8 OC for this smoke)
  30. 31. From: Allen et al. 2004 (Draft – Do Not Cite) Preliminary RAINS Hourly Sulfate data from 5 MANE-VU sites Note August 2 nd Event (MD-only) vs. August 11 th Event (All sites)
  31. 32. 8/2/04 13:00 Gridded ASOS Bext & AIRNOW PM-2.5 (Southern MANE-VU-only) 8/11/04 13:00 Gridded ASOS Bext & AIRNOW PM-2.5 (Entire MANE-VU Region)
  32. 33. Use Data Viewer to Layer Various Aerosol-Related Data, including: Surface Winds (SURF-MET) ASOS Bext (STI) PM-2.5 Mass (AIRNOW) Forecast SO4 (NRL Westphal)
  33. 34. RAINS Continuous Mass, SO4, OC data from Mohawk Mtn. CT vs. Bext from Bradley CT Airport - using MOMO species & Bradly RH to “Reconstruct” Bext. Prelim Data. Do Not Cite.
  34. 35. <ul><li>FASTNET Future: </li></ul><ul><li>Link various “image data” (photos, satellite, etc.) to “Events”, </li></ul><ul><li>Add New Data (& Datasets, like RAINS) & Continue Archival, </li></ul><ul><li>Link New Fast to Old Slow (IMPROVE Aerosol & Traj.) Data, </li></ul><ul><li>Compare Aerosol/haze indicators to Emissions & Model Data, </li></ul><ul><li>Automated “Event Detection” & Analysis Methods! </li></ul><ul><li>Continued Support from MANE-VU, other RPOs(?) & other DataFed.Net Partners (NSF, NASA, EPA, etc.). </li></ul>
  35. 37. Feb 19 2004: <ul><li>Isolated high PM25 occurs over the Midwest, Northeast and Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Aerosol patches are evident in AIRNOWPM25, ASOS & Fbext maps </li></ul><ul><li>The absence of TOMS signal indicates the lack of smoke or dust at high elevation </li></ul><ul><li>The high surface wind speed over Texas, hints on possible dust storm activity </li></ul><ul><li>The NAAPS model shows high sulfate over the Great Lakes, but no biomass smoke </li></ul><ul><li>Possible event causes: nitrate in the Upper Midwest and Northeast, sulfate around the Great Lakes and dust over Texas </li></ul>
  36. 38. Aug 18, 2004 <ul><li>This episode has an intensive region in the Northeast and another in the Southeastern US </li></ul><ul><li>The AIRNOW, ASOS and Visibility all show similar location of elevated aerosol </li></ul><ul><li>Highest MODIS AOT and GASP AOT values occur over the Northeast </li></ul><ul><li>The surface winds indicate stagnation over the southeastern EUS </li></ul><ul><li>NAAPS model predicts high sulfate in the Northeast and biomass smoke over the Southeast </li></ul><ul><li>Possible causes: sulfate episode in the Northeast, smoke and sulfate in the Southeast(?) </li></ul>
  37. 39. Some Bookmarks for: DataFed.Net: http:// datafed .net/ Data Catalogs: http:// webapps . datafed .net/ dvoy _services/ datafed _catalog. aspx Data Viewer: http://webapps.datafed.net/dvoy_services/datafed. aspx Data Consoles: http://www.datafed.net/consoles/realtime_consoles.asp?datetime=now-48&image_width=260&image_height=110 Kitty (Aerosol/Trajectory Browser): http:// webapps . datafed .net/ dvoy _services/ datafed . aspx ?view=Kitty CSV File Editor & Submitter: http:// webapps . datafed .net/ dvoy _services/ editfile . aspx Trajectory Aggregator & Gridder (substitute: YourFileName.csv for ALLDVge30.csv) http://webapps.datafed.net/dvoy_services/datafed.aspx?view=TrajAggGrid&csv_url=ALLDVge30.csv&value_column=value&scale_max=0.005 CATT Percent Difference (Incremental Probability Calculator): http://webapps.datafed.net/dvoy_services/datafed.aspx?view=CATT_PERC_DIFF CATT & FASTNET Discussion Pages: http://webapps.datafed.net/dvoy_services/dvoy_book.aspx?path=HOME/Projects/CATT http://webapps.datafed.net/dvoy_services/dvoy_book.aspx?path=HOME/Projects/FASTNET PM Event Detection from Time Series http://capita.wustl.edu/capita/capitareports/0409EventAnalysis/0409EventByTimeSeries.ppt Eastern US Regional Haze Events: Automated Detection and Documentation for 2004 http://capita.wustl.edu/capita/capitareports/0409EventAnalysis/0409EventDetection04. ppt