37% of people over the age of 50 use social mediaAARP Study - http://assets.aarp.org/rgcenter/general/socmedia.pdf – Social Media and Technology use Among Adults 50+
Used by Gartner since 1995 – often used for launching new technologies."Technology Trigger" — The first phase of a hype cycle is the "technology trigger" or breakthrough, product launch or other event that generates significant press and interest."Peak of Inflated Expectations" — In the next phase, a frenzy of publicity typically generates over-enthusiasm and unrealistic expectations. There may be some successful applications of a technology, but there are typically more failures."Trough of Disillusionment" — Technologies enter the "trough of disillusionment" because they fail to meet expectations and quickly become unfashionable. Consequently, the press usually abandons the topic and the technology."Slope of Enlightenment" — Although the press may have stopped covering the technology, some businesses continue through the "slope of enlightenment" and experiment to understand the benefits and practical application of the technology."Plateau of Productivity" — A technology reaches the "plateau of productivity" as the benefits of it become widely demonstrated and accepted. The technology becomes increasingly stable and evolves in second and third generations. The final height of the plateau varies according to whether the technology is broadly applicable or benefits only a niche market.
Cloud Computing is that you can have all the resources that you want from storage, to compute to networking with an infinite amount of capacity to be used on demand from the Internet.
Smartphones have a variety of academic uses, not just communication. More than one in three students (37%) have used an iPhone or another smartphone in one or more courses or academic activities in the past year. Forty-five percent of smartphone users have used these devices to look up information on the Internet in class.
Students are still attached to “standard issue” technology. A majority of students own a printer (81%), a DVD player (75%), a stationary gaming device (66%), an HDTV (56%), and a desktop computer (53%). Graphic depicts 15 of the 34 devices that students were asked about owning.
Bleeding, Leading, or Not Competing
Bleeding, Leading, or Not Competing: A Theme and Variations on Current Emerging TechnologiesRobert H. McDonald(email@example.com | @mcdonald)Associate Dean Library Technologies and Digital LibrariesAssociate Director Data to Insight Center, PervasiveTechnology InstituteExecutive Director Kuali OLEIndiana Universityhttp://www.libraries.iub.eduhttp://pti.iu.edu/d2iSuggested Hash Tags: #PASSHE12 @mcdonald#EDUConnect http://slidesha.re/zVpdeJ PASSHE Virtual Conference 2012 | February 16, 2012 1
2 Big Thanks• Many Ideas Presented Today Originated with Colleagues on the Educause 2011 Evolving Technologies Committee – David Bantz – CIA, University of Alaska – Melody Childs – Deputy CIO, Louisiana State University – Stephen diFilipo – CIO, Cecil College – Teddy Diggs – Publisher/Editor Educause Review – Tanya Joosten - Director Learning Technologies, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee – Stephen Landry – CIO, Seton Hall University – Frances LoPresti – Director Enterprise infrastructure, University of Maryland – Rochelle Rodrigo - Visiting Associate Professor of Rhetoric Old Dominion University – Jennifer Sparrow – Director of Emerging Technologies, Virginia Tech – Brian Stewart - CIO, Athabasca University – Molly Tamarkin - AUL for IT, Duke University – Catherine Yang – Sr. Director, Educause Evolving Technologies a View to Tomorrow, Educause Review v 46 (2) http://www.educause.edu/library/ERM1163
3 Today’s Program• Bleeding Edge vs Leading Edge• Gartner 2011 Education HypeCycle• Cloud Initiatives• Mobile Learning• New Areas of Business Intelligence for HigherEd• Trends Technologies and Futures
15IUanyWARE = App Store - Core Attributes• Commodity delivery of IU applications (> 200)• Target Community: IU Staff, Students and Faculty• Generic easy to consume features• OS agnostic • Android • Chrome • iOS • Windows • Linux• Access to IU software anywhere anytime and on any device for 100,000 students and over 17,000 full-time staff.• Allows virtual consolidation of service delivery without physical consolidation of students in student computing clusters!
16 Off HypeCycle for 2011• Cloud E-mail (for students)• Grid computing• Blogs• Microblogging• Wikis• Hosted PC virtualization software• Podcasting learning content
18"Cloud Computing is that you can have all the resources that you want from storage, tocompute to networking with an infinite amount of capacity to be used on demand from the Internet.“ - Werner Vogels, CTO Amazon.com http://allthingsdistributed.com
19 Cloud Initiatives• Standards, Policy, Testbeds• Service Offerings/Aggregators• Industry Specific Clouds• Private Clouds
20 Open Cloud Consortium (OCC)• Promotes research on interoperability and performance• University of Illinois, Northwestern University, Johns Hopkins, University of Chicago, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology (Calit2). Federal labs, AIST (Japan)• Formed in 2008• Has Large industry support• Runs Open Science Data Cloud for scientific data• Runs the Virtual Network Testbed with a focus will on comparing and contrasting several technologies for creating and managing virtual networks• Has compute and storage in a number of universities for testing• Has aggregated a large number of nodes and high speed networking for its test beds
21 DeltaCloud• Abstract the difference among clouds with a simple API• Speaks to a client between the clouds so that code itself is not changed between clouds• Can deploy to an internal cloud• Compatibility with Rackspace, Eucalyptus, Amazon EC2 and Amazon S3 and Microsoft Azure• Formed in 2009• Apache.org supported• Missed some roadmap dates• http://deltacloud.apache.org/
22 Cloud Security Alliance• To promote the use of best practices for providing security assurance within Cloud Computing• Broad set of Corporations and Associations including international partners and non-technical companies• Formed in 2008• Very active.• Has working groups and initiatives around interoperability and security.• Alliance with ISC (the CISSP Certification body)
23 Open Stack• OpenStack is a collaborative software project designed to create freely available code, badly needed standards, and common ground for the benefit of both cloud providers and cloud customers• 3 major projects: compute, object storage, and image discovery• Community based under Apache• Originally formed by Rackspace and NASA in 2010• HP Cloud utilizes parts of openstack• Very active• Large number of supporters and companies in major countries around the world
24 JANET CLOUD UK• Janet (UK education and research network)• Offers VOIP, video conferencing, wireless services in Great Britain• Is a service aggregator• Participates in research• Logicalis UK, with Loughborough University has successfully moved a complete enterprise application stack - including both virtualized and non-virtualized workloads – back and forth between an on- campus private cloud and Logicalis’ hosted cloud, via JANET• The exercise has validated that hybrid cloud is a viable IT service delivery platform, and demonstrates the true capabilities of cloud as far more than just a hypervisor workload enabler• Supported by British government and member institutions
25 Internet2 Cloud Offerings• Deliver new network, cloud computing, and other services to faculty, staff and students in Internet2 member universities• 2011• Pilot among Cornell University, Indiana University, Penn State, UC Berkeley, University of Michigan, University of Notre Dame, University of Utah• Partnering with HP, SHI International, and Box• HP Cloud, Box storage, and collaboration with SHI will offer a private cloud for higher education and government• Available 2012 to all I2 members
26 Where in the Cloud is My Data?• In the cloud, do you know: – Where your data are? – What laws prevail over the physical location of your data? – What license you really agreed to? – What is the security (electronic / physical) around your data? – And how exactly do you get to that cloud, or get things out of it? – How secure your provider is financially? (The fact that something seems unimaginable, like cloud provider such- and-such cloud provider going out of business abruptly, does not mean it is impossible!)
27 IU Intelligent Infrastructure• Virtual systems supply the infrastructure and network capacity necessary to host your applications, while optional disk storage on UITS enterprise-class SANs (storage area networks) ensures your files are extremely secure and always available.• Backup solutions provide cross-site backups and cross-campus failover options, which isolate you from potential disasters by securing your backup files within hardened data centers.• This is a charge-back solution - $425 / system / year; $1 /GB / year• Adoption and growth have been phenomenal – service introduced in July 2007, set up 1000th VM in 2009, today have a total of 1981.• Tremendous energy efficiencies - 26 VMs per physical core• Departmental staff are able to focus more on things that are unique to their departments – and with implementation of CMS(es), IU’s web presence is improving
52 Connected college students 100% 98% 99% 92% 94% 93% 95% 92% 88% 85% 82% 78% 79% 80% 75% 66% 60% 57% 40% 20% 0% Internet user Broadband user Wireless (laptop or cell phone) user All adults Non-students, 18-24 Undergrads Grad Students Community CollegeSource: Pew Research Centers Internet & American Life Project 2010 tracking surveys. All include landline and cell phone interviews. N for all adults=9,769; n for 18-24 year old non-students=717; n for four-year undergrads=246, n for grad students=112, n for community college students=164.
57 Further Reading1. ECAR National Study of Undergraduate Students and Information Technology, 2011 Report – http://bit.ly/ECAR112. Pew Internet & American Life: The Mobile Difference: – http://slidesha.re/PewMobileDiff3. Pew Internet & American Life: How Communities Learn: – http://slidesha.re/PewCommLearn4. Evolving Technologies a View to Tomorrow, Educause Review v 46 (2) – http://www.educause.edu/library/ERM1163