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International human resource management


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International human resource management

  1. 1. Powerpoint Templates Page 1 Powerpoint Templates INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Presented by RHIMY C RAJAN
  2. 2. Powerpoint Templates Page 2  What are reasons that encouraged global organizations to develop international HR strategies? Global competition and differences in organizational environment across nations.
  3. 3. Powerpoint Templates Page 3 TYPES OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS 1.International Corporations 2.Multinational Corporations 3.Global Corporations 4.Transnational Corporations
  4. 4. Powerpoint Templates Page 4  International Corporations • Domestic firms that builds on its existing capabilities to penetrate overseas market. Example : Honda, General Electric, P&G
  5. 5. Powerpoint Templates Page 5  Multinational Corporations • MNCs have operating units (subsidiaries) located in foreign countries • Subsidiaries function as autonomous units Examples : Shell, Philips, Xerox
  6. 6. Powerpoint Templates Page 6  Global Corporations • Maintains control over its worldwide operations (subsidiaries) through a centralized home office. • They treat the entire world as a single market Examples : Matsushita
  7. 7. Powerpoint Templates Page 7  Transnational Corporations • Provides autonomy to independent country operations but bring these operations together into an integrated whole through networked structure • They combines the local responsiveness of an MNC and the efficiency of a global corporation Examples : Ford & Unilever
  8. 8. Powerpoint Templates Page 8 INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT • Simple definition is ‘the process of managing people in international settings’ • Scyllion (1995) defined IHRM as ‘the HRM issues and problems arising from the internationalization of business, and the HRM strategies, policies and practices which firms pursue in response to the internationalization process • IHRM is the management of HR in business operations in atleast two nations
  9. 9. Powerpoint Templates Page 9 DIFFERENCES BETWEEN IHRM & DOMESTIC HRM IHRM • Address a broad range of HRM activities • HR issues relate to employees belonging to more than one nationality • Greater involvement of HR manager in the personal life of employees Domestic HRM • Address a narrow range of HRM activities • HR issues relate to employees belonging to single nationality • Limited involvement of HR manager in the personal life of employees
  10. 10. Powerpoint Templates Page 10 IHRM • Greater exposure to risks in International assignments • Has to manage several external factors such as government regulations of foreign country Domestic HRM • Limited risks in domestic assignments • Limited external factors to deal with.
  11. 11. Powerpoint Templates Page 11 External environment & IHRM • Political Environment • Cultural Environment
  12. 12. Powerpoint Templates Page 12 IHRM Practices • International staffing • Pre-departure training for international assignments • Repatriation • Performance management in international assignments • Compensation issues in international assignments
  13. 13. Powerpoint Templates Page 13 International staffing • refers to the process of selecting employees for staffing international operations of an MNC MNCs can be staffed using three different sources a. Home country or Parent Country National (PCN) b. Host Country Nationals (HCN) c. Third Country Nationals (TCN)
  14. 14. Powerpoint Templates Page 14 • PCN Employees of an organization who are citizens of the country in which the headquarters of the company is located • HCN Employees of an organization who are the citizens of the country in which the foreign subsidiary is located • TCN Employees of an organization who are the citizens of the country other than the country where the organization is headquarterd and the country that is hosting the subsidiary
  15. 15. Powerpoint Templates Page 15 Approaches to staffing subsidiaries • Ethnocentric foreign subsidiary has little autonomy. All strategic decisions are made at the headquarters. PCNs staff key positions at quarters as well as the foreign subsidiary • Polycentric staff foreign subsidiaries of the firm with HCNs and headquarters consist of PCNs • Geocentric staff my be PCNs, HCNs or TCNs ability and not nationality is the key to staffing
  16. 16. Powerpoint Templates Page 16 Pre-departure Training for International Assignments • To make it easier for the employee to assume job responsibilities and be effective in the foreign country as soon as possible • To facilitate cultural adaptation as quickly and as effectively as possible
  17. 17. Powerpoint Templates Page 17 3 elements of T&D programme 1. Language training 2. Cultural training 3. Managing personal and family life
  18. 18. Powerpoint Templates Page 18 Repatriation • It is the process of bringing an expatriate home after he/she has completed the international assignment. Organizations can follow 3 practices 1. Create knowledge and develop global leadership skills 2. Ensure that candidates have cross-cultural skills to match their technical abilities 3. Prepare people to make the transition back to their home offices
  19. 19. Powerpoint Templates Page 19 Performance Management in International Assignments Performance is the combination of several factors  Compensation Package  Task Assigned to the Expatriate  Headquarter’s Support  Environment  Cultural Adjustment
  20. 20. Powerpoint Templates Page 20 Compensating Managers in International Assignments Components of expatriate compensation • Home leave and travel allowances • Children’s education allowance • Currency differential payments • Relocation allowance • Housing allowance • Cost of living adjustment • Payments to protect from negative tax consequences
  21. 21. Powerpoint Templates Page 21 CONCLUSION As organizations have gone global in their operations, the impact of cultural differences as well as workforce issues have caught the attention of the HR managers. As the world becomes boundary less, the ability to work in a cross cultural environment becomes a valuable asset for any executive. Understanding, managing, and even exploiting these cultural differences could well spell the difference between success and failure in several business situations.
  22. 22. Powerpoint Templates Page 22 Thank You