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ABOUT THE AUTHORABOUT THE AUTHOR
Roman Osipovich Jakobson (October 11, 1896 - July 18, 1982) was a Russian thinker who
became one of the most influential l...
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
ABOUT FORMALIST CRITICISM
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
ABOUT FORMALIST CRITICISM
IN LITERARY
CRITICISM, WHAT
IS FORMALISM?
IN LITERARY
CRITICISM, WHAT
IS FORMALISM?
- refers to critical approaches that
analyze, interpret, or evaluate the
inherent features of a text. These
features inclu...
The formalist approach reduces the importance of a text’s
historical, biographical, and cultural context.
The formalist ap...
Formalism was the dominant mode of academic literary study
in the US at least from the end of the Second World War through...
Beginning in the late 1970s, formalism was substantially
displaced by various approaches (often with political aims or
ass...
TENETS OF FORMALIST CRITICISMTENETS OF FORMALIST CRITICISM
The form of a work of literature is inherently apart of its content,
and that the attempt to separate the two is fallaciou...
Formalist theory has dominated the American literary
scene for most of the twentieth century, and it has retained its
grea...
KEY WORDS
SYNTA
X
SYNTA
X
APPOSITIV
E
APPOSITIV
E
SIMILE
SIMILE
METAPHO
R
METAPHO
R
DICTIO
N
DICTIO
N
IRONYIRONY
IMAGER
Y
IMAGER
Y
P...
Why do authors use
this criticism?
Why do authors use
this criticism?
Formalist critics use individual
parts of the text, the characters, the
settings, the tone, the point of view, the
diction...
STRENGTHS OF FORMALISMSTRENGTHS OF FORMALISM
Makes a Science of Literary Criticism
Viable Method enables a Professional Discipline
Develops "Close-Reading" skills
...
WEAKNESSES OF
FORMALISM
W
E
A
K
N
E
S
S
E
S
Seen as incomplete now
Ignores:
Historical Aspects
Moral Aspects
Production / Reception
Psychological...
THE SEVEN AGES OF MAN
By William Shakespeare
THE SEVEN AGES OF MAN
By William Shakespeare
THE SEVEN AGES OF MAN
By: William Shakespeare
THE SEVEN AGES OF MAN
By: William Shakespeare
Formalism ppt
Formalism ppt
Formalism ppt
Formalism ppt
Formalism ppt
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Formalism ppt

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Literary criticism.

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Formalism ppt

  1. 1. ABOUT THE AUTHORABOUT THE AUTHOR
  2. 2. Roman Osipovich Jakobson (October 11, 1896 - July 18, 1982) was a Russian thinker who became one of the most influential linguists of the twentieth century by pioneering the development of structural analysis of language, poetry, and art. Jakobson was one of the most important intellectuals in the humanities during the twentieth century. He began as one of the founding members of the Moscow Linguistic Circle, which was one of two groups responsible for the development of Russian Formalism, which influenced the entire field of literary criticism. Jakobson then moved to Prague, where he helped to form the Prague Linguistic Circle, which helped to influence the development of structuralism, one of the dominant movements in the humanities and social sciences of the era. Perhaps Jakobson's most enduring contribution was his development of the model of the communication theory of language based on his delineation of language functions. Roman Osipovich Jakobson (October 11, 1896 - July 18, 1982) was a Russian thinker who became one of the most influential linguists of the twentieth century by pioneering the development of structural analysis of language, poetry, and art. Jakobson was one of the most important intellectuals in the humanities during the twentieth century. He began as one of the founding members of the Moscow Linguistic Circle, which was one of two groups responsible for the development of Russian Formalism, which influenced the entire field of literary criticism. Jakobson then moved to Prague, where he helped to form the Prague Linguistic Circle, which helped to influence the development of structuralism, one of the dominant movements in the humanities and social sciences of the era. Perhaps Jakobson's most enduring contribution was his development of the model of the communication theory of language based on his delineation of language functions.
  3. 3. BACKGROUND INFORMATION ABOUT FORMALIST CRITICISM BACKGROUND INFORMATION ABOUT FORMALIST CRITICISM
  4. 4. IN LITERARY CRITICISM, WHAT IS FORMALISM? IN LITERARY CRITICISM, WHAT IS FORMALISM?
  5. 5. - refers to critical approaches that analyze, interpret, or evaluate the inherent features of a text. These features include not only grammar and syntax but also literary devices such as meter and tropes.
  6. 6. The formalist approach reduces the importance of a text’s historical, biographical, and cultural context. The formalist approach reduces the importance of a text’s historical, biographical, and cultural context. Formalism rose to prominence in the early twentieth century as a reaction against Romanticist theories of literature, which centered on the artist and individual creative genius, and instead placed the text itself back into the spotlight, to show how the text was indebted to forms and other works that had preceded it. Two schools of formalist literary criticism developed, Russian formalism, and soon after Anglo-American New Criticism.
  7. 7. Formalism was the dominant mode of academic literary study in the US at least from the end of the Second World War through the 1970s, especially as embodied in René Wellek and Austin Warren's Theory of Literature (1948, 1955, 1962). Formalism was the dominant mode of academic literary study in the US at least from the end of the Second World War through the 1970s, especially as embodied in René Wellek and Austin Warren's Theory of Literature (1948, 1955, 1962).
  8. 8. Beginning in the late 1970s, formalism was substantially displaced by various approaches (often with political aims or assumptions) that were suspicious of the idea that a literary work could be separated from its origins or uses. Beginning in the late 1970s, formalism was substantially displaced by various approaches (often with political aims or assumptions) that were suspicious of the idea that a literary work could be separated from its origins or uses. The term has often had a pejorative cast and has been used by opponents to indicate either aridity or ideological deviance. The term has often had a pejorative cast and has been used by opponents to indicate either aridity or ideological deviance.
  9. 9. TENETS OF FORMALIST CRITICISMTENETS OF FORMALIST CRITICISM
  10. 10. The form of a work of literature is inherently apart of its content, and that the attempt to separate the two is fallacious. By focusing on literary form and excluding superfluous contexts, Formalists believed that it would be possible to trace the evolution and development of literary forms, and thus, literature itself. Formalism is a philosophical theory of the foundations of mathematics that had a spectacular but brief heyday in the 1920s.Foundations : The Linguistic Turn (Russian; defamiliarization) The Cultural Turn (New Criticism; Human liberalism). Formalist thoughts:
  11. 11. Formalist theory has dominated the American literary scene for most of the twentieth century, and it has retained its great influence in many academic quarters. Its practitioners advocate methodical and systematic readings of texts.
  12. 12. KEY WORDS
  13. 13. SYNTA X SYNTA X APPOSITIV E APPOSITIV E SIMILE SIMILE METAPHO R METAPHO R DICTIO N DICTIO N IRONYIRONY IMAGER Y IMAGER Y PERSONIFICATIO N PERSONIFICATIO N FORESHADOWIN GFORESHADOWIN G
  14. 14. Why do authors use this criticism? Why do authors use this criticism?
  15. 15. Formalist critics use individual parts of the text, the characters, the settings, the tone, the point of view, the diction, and all other elements of the text to give meaning to the text in a more literal way. Formalist critics use individual parts of the text, the characters, the settings, the tone, the point of view, the diction, and all other elements of the text to give meaning to the text in a more literal way.
  16. 16. STRENGTHS OF FORMALISMSTRENGTHS OF FORMALISM
  17. 17. Makes a Science of Literary Criticism Viable Method enables a Professional Discipline Develops "Close-Reading" skills Basis for other language-centered theories Great for analyzing poetry Well-known approach Readily applied informally S T R E N G T H S
  18. 18. WEAKNESSES OF FORMALISM
  19. 19. W E A K N E S S E S Seen as incomplete now Ignores: Historical Aspects Moral Aspects Production / Reception Psychological Aspects Gender Aspects Not applied easily to long forms Similarity of Conclusions Criticism always inferior to the object it studies
  20. 20. THE SEVEN AGES OF MAN By William Shakespeare THE SEVEN AGES OF MAN By William Shakespeare
  21. 21. THE SEVEN AGES OF MAN By: William Shakespeare THE SEVEN AGES OF MAN By: William Shakespeare

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