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Competitiveness in the travel and tourism sector: multiple case study in the Metropolitan Region of Baixada Santista, São Paulo, Brazil

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Material apresentado durante a ATLAS Americas Conference, na cidade do Recife (PE).

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Competitiveness in the travel and tourism sector: multiple case study in the Metropolitan Region of Baixada Santista, São Paulo, Brazil

  1. 1. Competitiveness in the travel and tourism sector Multiple Case Study in the Metropolitan Region of Baixada Santista, São Paulo, Brazil ATLAS Americas Conference 2017 5-7 June 2017, Recife, Brazil Aristides Faria Lopes dos Santos | Elizabeth Kyoko Wada
  2. 2. Research problem • Does the relationship between government and its stakeholders influences the competitiveness in the travel and tourism sector at the municipal level?
  3. 3. Method • Multiple case study (research protocol) (2013-2015) • Exploratory research with qualitative approach • Data collection technique –Documental and Bibliographical research –Semistructered interviews: local tourism managers –Snowball sampling: two stakeholders –Objects: Cubatão, Itanhaém and Santos
  4. 4. Method • Data treatment –Theory discussed into two conceptual sections –The interviews were transcribed –Content analysis: • Professional profile • Department’s structure • Department’s activities
  5. 5. CubatãoItanhaémSantos
  6. 6. Main results • As more collaborative the relationship between government and its stakeholders are, more effective its actions shall be. • Local governments analyzed does not practices relationship management with their stakeholders in a systematic way. • There are both hospitality and hostility relations between the local governments and its stakeholders, and between other entities among themselves.
  7. 7. Main results • The municipalities seem to develop little dialogue and maintain few joint actions to promote regional tourism. • The ineffectiveness of the Municipal Tourism Councils tend to push down the quality level of the products and services offered by the local tourist trade, which diminishes the competitiveness of the tourism destination at all.
  8. 8. References • ALTENBURG, T.; HILLEBRAND, W.; MEYER-STAMER, J. Building systemic competitiveness: concept and case studies from Mexico, Brazil, Paraguay, Korea and Thailand. German Development Institute, v. 3, p. 1-75, 1998. • BARDIN, L. Análise de Conteúdo. São Paulo: Edições 70, 2011. • FREEMAN, R. E. Strategic management: A stakeholder approach. Boston (USA): Pitman, 1984. • GIBBS, G. Análise de dados qualitativos. Porto Alegre: Artmed, 2009. • HANDCOCK, M. S.; GILE, K.J. On the concept of snowball sampling. Cornell University Library, v. 1, p. 1-5, 2011.
  9. 9. References • LASHLEY, C. Para um entendimento teórico. In: LASHLEY, C.; MORRISON, A. (Orgs.) Em busca da hospitalidade: perspectivas para um mundo globalizado. Barueri (SP): Manole, 2004. • MIKI, A. F. C.; GANDARA, J. M. G.; MUÑOZ, D. R. M. O estado atual de pesquisas sobre competitividade turística no Brasil. Caderno Virtual de Turismo, v. 12, n. 2, p.212- 223, ago. 2012. • MITCHELL, R. K.; AGLE, B. R., WOOD, D. J. Toward a theory of stakeholder identification and salience: defining the principle of who and what really counts. Academy of Management Review, v. 22, n. 4, p. 853-886, out., 1997. • WADA, E. K.; MORETTI, S. L. A. Hospitalidade: dos domínios às lentes e sua inserção nos processos de gestão. Caderno de Estudos e Pesquisas do Turismo, v.3, n.3, p. 95-105, 2014.

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