Competitiveness in the travel and tourism sector: multiple case study in the Metropolitan Region of Baixada Santista, São Paulo, Brazil
Competitiveness in the travel and tourism sector
Multiple Case Study in the Metropolitan Region of Baixada Santista, São Paulo, Brazil
ATLAS Americas Conference 2017
5-7 June 2017, Recife, Brazil
Aristides Faria Lopes dos Santos | Elizabeth Kyoko Wada
• Does the relationship
between government and
its stakeholders influences
the competitiveness in the
travel and tourism sector at
the municipal level?
• Multiple case study (research protocol) (2013-2015)
• Exploratory research with qualitative approach
• Data collection technique
–Documental and Bibliographical research
–Semistructered interviews: local tourism managers
–Snowball sampling: two stakeholders
–Objects: Cubatão, Itanhaém and Santos
• Data treatment
–Theory discussed into two
–The interviews were
• Professional profile
• Department’s structure
• Department’s activities
• As more collaborative the relationship between government
and its stakeholders are, more effective its actions shall be.
• Local governments analyzed does not practices relationship
management with their stakeholders in a systematic way.
• There are both hospitality and hostility relations between the
local governments and its stakeholders, and between other
entities among themselves.
• The municipalities seem to develop little dialogue and
maintain few joint actions to promote regional tourism.
• The ineffectiveness of the Municipal Tourism Councils tend to
push down the quality level of the products and services
offered by the local tourist trade, which diminishes the
competitiveness of the tourism destination at all.
• ALTENBURG, T.; HILLEBRAND, W.; MEYER-STAMER, J. Building systemic competitiveness:
concept and case studies from Mexico, Brazil, Paraguay, Korea and Thailand. German
Development Institute, v. 3, p. 1-75, 1998.
• BARDIN, L. Análise de Conteúdo. São Paulo: Edições 70, 2011.
• FREEMAN, R. E. Strategic management: A stakeholder approach. Boston (USA): Pitman, 1984.
• GIBBS, G. Análise de dados qualitativos. Porto Alegre: Artmed, 2009.
• HANDCOCK, M. S.; GILE, K.J. On the concept of snowball sampling. Cornell University Library,
v. 1, p. 1-5, 2011.
• LASHLEY, C. Para um entendimento teórico. In: LASHLEY, C.; MORRISON, A. (Orgs.) Em busca
da hospitalidade: perspectivas para um mundo globalizado. Barueri (SP): Manole, 2004.
• MIKI, A. F. C.; GANDARA, J. M. G.; MUÑOZ, D. R. M. O estado atual de pesquisas sobre
competitividade turística no Brasil. Caderno Virtual de Turismo, v. 12, n. 2, p.212- 223, ago.
• MITCHELL, R. K.; AGLE, B. R., WOOD, D. J. Toward a theory of stakeholder identification and
salience: defining the principle of who and what really counts. Academy of Management
Review, v. 22, n. 4, p. 853-886, out., 1997.
• WADA, E. K.; MORETTI, S. L. A. Hospitalidade: dos domínios às lentes e sua inserção nos
processos de gestão. Caderno de Estudos e Pesquisas do Turismo, v.3, n.3, p. 95-105, 2014.