-also known as FOLKTALES
-They are stories that
came from oral tradition
of our ancestors.
-They were passed to
different lands by the
TWO THEORIES ABOUT FOLKTALES
believe that every folktales could be
traced to the pre-historic group called
ARYANS, also known as the Indo-
this means that traditional tales have
come from multiples sources.
CLASSIFICATIONS OF FOLTALES
-ACCORDING TO STACY CARNEY
these have little plot and lots of rhythm.
-events follow a logical order in a pattern
of repetition. Also called chain tales
EXAMPLE: "The Death of the Little
2.TALKING BEAST- the animals
behave as humans.
-these stories usually teach a lesson.
-example of this is the TREE LITTLE
3.DROLLS AND HAMOROUS
TALES- fun and nonsense stories.
-the characters of these are poor or of the lower
case of society.
-the characters,plot,& the setting
can be possible in the real world
-no magic is involved.
these are usually didactic but
can be humorous
6.ROMANCES-lovers are seperated
and through magic and imposible task
they are again reunited.
7.TALES OF MAGIC-also known as
Fairytales .characters came from upper
class of society.
8.PORQUOI TALES-the “WHY”
stories.explain why something is as it is.
Explain how things came to be.
TALL TALES-appear in other
countries.but it is the U.S that
unforgertable heroes have appeared
in these kind of stories.american tales
have humor courage,and the spirit
that the pioneers must have to be able
to survive the hostile environment.
FOLKTALES AND TALLTALES
-A tall tale is a folktale about a
larger-than-life hero solving an
over-the-top problem in a
humorous or outrageous way.
-typically feature highly
exaggerated, improbable details
-The main character of a tall tale, the
hero, must possess some kind of
unbelievable skill or trait
- All tall tales contain extreme
exaggeration and humor. The characters,
the speech and even the details are
EXAMPLES OF TALL TAlTALES
1.Paul Bunyan-was a lumber jack whose strength,
speed, and skills outmatched those of a noramal
human being.He had a Blue Ox called Babethat
accompanied him in his adventures.
2.PECOS BILL-a cowboy taised by the
coyote.This cowboy rode a mountain lion and
not a horse in mostt cases.When he rode a
horse, he was Widow Maketr,a very very wild
hero.he born as a giant.A over 8 ft.tall
and had enormous stregth.He
dedicated himself to working on a
railroad until he died.He died after
after winning a competition against a
1.STRUCTURE OF PLOT-it includes the
setting, characters and their actions,the
repititoion or the chants,riddles or poems
that presented in the plot.The conflict,the
climax,and conclussion of the story.
characters of folktales are flat.
3.STYLE-folktales of different
countries have their own unique
way of presenting their stories.
-figurative language and
imaginary are also in many
THEMES-subject of the story.
4.MOTIFS-the patterns that
are present in the story.
a. The characters seen in the
folktale: wicked stepmothers,
abused children, tricksters,
and the younger brother.
b. Supernatural beings, fairies,
c. Magical object-tablecloths that
give food, mirror that speaks.
d. Enchantments- prince turn into
frog, long sleep for over hundred
THE COMMONTYPES OF FOLKTALES
- stories are short.
-the stories have a moral lesson
-animals are the characters
-the plot usually presents a single event.
-traditional story about superheroes or
-explaining the origins of natural phenomena or
the aspects of human behavior.
-they show the relations of people with gods.
CLASSIFICATION OF MYTHS.
a.CREATION MYTHS- explains how the world is created.
EXAMPLE:HOW THE MOON AND STARS CAMES TO
b.NATURE MYTHS-explains why seasons change.
EXAMPLE: THE CHILDREN IN THE MOON
c.HERO MYTHS-lack explaining about nature and humans.
-the hero must accomplish some tasks
-the gods may help or make it difficult for the hero to accomplish the task
Examples: Hercules, Xena the Warrior Princess.
-story based on a true events in the past.
-fictitious narratives, usually about origins
-origin of a thing, place, location, or name
-the events are imaginary, and unbelievable.
Example: the Legend of the Tagalogs
4.EPICS-long narrative poems in which series
of heroic achievements or events.
-contains a hero with specific characteristics
-the setting is vast in scope.
-includes battles, romance, a great journey.
Example: Ramayana, and Mahab-harata.
THANKYOU FOR LISTENING:
DEVELOPMENTAL READING I (MSE)
TRADITIONAL TALES:PATTERNS & VARIABLES
BALUYUT, REINALYN V.
GROUP 2 FIRST REPORTER
COMMISION ON HIGHER EDUCATION (CHED)
INSTITUTE OF PROFFESIONAL EDUCATION
BACHELOR OF ELEMENTARY EDUCATION
OUR LADY OF PILLAR
MRS.EDNA R. BANGCOLENG
DATE: AUGUST 17,2013
TRADITIONAL TALES:PATTERNS AND VARIABLES
All Rights Reserved: 2013 HE!HE!HE!
GROUP 2 BEED I-PILLAR
MODERN SHORT S TORIES
And it’s Elements