Renaissance of sculpture


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Renaissance of sculpture

  1. 1. Overall Summary Tiny Summary of Renaissance Sculpture Early Renaissance ca. 1400-1500 High Renaissance ca. 1500-25 Late Renaissance ca. 1525-1600 Ghiberti, Donatello Michelangelo Giambologna Main Article Introduction Renaissance art is distinguished from medieval art primarily by physical realism and classical composition (see Western Aesthetics). The Early Renaissance was the formative period of Renaissance art; in other words, it was artists of the Early Renaissance who pioneered and developed physical realism and classical composition. These efforts culminated in the High Renaissance, during which the apex of classical balance, harmony, and restraint was attained. During the Late Renaissance, this severe classicism was relaxed, allowing for a measure of complexity and dynamism (thus presaging the rise of Baroque art). A distinct sub-movement of Late Renaissance art was mannerism: the deliberate pursuit of novelty and complexity. In sculpture, mannerism resulted in such qualities as distorted anatomy (e.g. elongated limbs) and complex postures. Some Late Renaissance artists worked in a full- blown mannerist style, while others were merely influenced by the movement (to varying degrees). Early Renaissance ca. 1400-1500 Renaissance painting and architecture were founded by Masaccio and Brunelleschi, respectively. The founder of Renaissance sculpture was Ghiberti, whose masterpiece is the Gates of Paradise, a pair of bronze doors for the Florence Baptistry. The main panels of these doors comprise ten biblical scenes rendered with impressive realism, including deep perspective. Image Gallery: Ghiberti
  2. 2. Florence Baptistry Image credit: Georges Jansoone Gates of Paradise Image credit: sailko
  3. 3. Panel from the Gates of Paradise Image credit: sailko Panel from the Gates of Paradise Image credit: sailko
  4. 4. Panel from the Gates of Paradise Image credit: sailko Panel from the Gates of Paradise Image credit: sailko
  5. 5. Panel from the Gates of Paradise Image credit: sailko Panel from the Gates of Paradise Image credit: sailko One of Ghiberti’s assistants, Donatello, became the greatest sculptor of the Early Renaissance. It was Donatello who finally revived classical statues (starting with Saint Mark), including equestrian statues (with Gattamelata, the first equestrian statue since antiquity).G299,H683- 89,1 His other primary works include Saint George and David. Image Gallery: Donatello
  6. 6. Saint Mark Image credit: Cnelson Gattamelata Image credit: Lamré
  7. 7. Saint George Image credit: sailko David Image credit: Patrick A. Rodgers High Renaissance ca. 1500-1525 The uncontested master of High Renaissance sculpture is Michelangelo, who divided his career between Florence (his native city) and Rome. Pieta is the jewel of his early work, while his masterpiece, David, is often considered the greatest sculpture of all time. His foremost late work may be Moses.
  8. 8. Though Michelangelo’s career stretched into the Late Renaissance, most of his sculpture dates to the High Renaissance; his later years were devoted to painting and architecture. Image Gallery: Michelangelo Pieta Image credit: Stanislav Traykov et al. David Image credit: Quinok
  9. 9. Moses Image credit: prasenberg Late Renaissance ca. 1525-1600 The foremost mannerist sculptor was the Flemish-Italian Giambologna. As noted earlier, typical features of mannerist sculpture include complex postures and elongated anatomy. The former quality is evident in the violent group sculptures Abduction of the Sabines and Heracles and Nessus, as well as several gentler statues of Mercury. The Mercury sculptures also showcase elongated limbs, as does the female statue L’Architettura. Image Gallery: Giambologna
  10. 10. Abduction of the Sabines Image credit: Arnold Paul Heracles and Nessus Image credit: sonofgroucho
  11. 11. Flying Mercury Image credit: sailko Mercury Image credit: Daderot
  12. 12. L’Architettura Image credit: Infrogmation 1 – “Donatello”, Encarta 2004. 50qM