Religious Developments In The Middle East

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Religious Developments In The Middle East

  1. 1. Religious Developments in the Middle East Christianity, Judaism, Islam
  2. 2. Christianity <ul><li>Monotheistic </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic Origin – Israel / Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>Founder – Jesus </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred Text – Bible </li></ul><ul><li>Major Beliefs: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>10 commandments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Holy Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sacraments (Baptism, Holy Matrimony) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Judaism <ul><li>Monotheistic </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic Origin – Israel / Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>Founder – Abraham and Moses </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred Text – Torah </li></ul><ul><li>Major Beliefs: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>10 Commandments </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Islam <ul><li>Monotheistic </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic Origin – Arabian Peninsula / Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>Founder – Mohammad </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred Text – Koran (Quaran) </li></ul><ul><li>Major Beliefs: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Five Pillars of Islam </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>There is 1 god, Allah </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pray 5 times a day </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Give charity to the poor </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fast during the holy month of Ramadan </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in your life </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Comparison of Islam, Judaism and Christianity <ul><li>http://www.religionfacts.com/islam/comparison_charts/islam_judaism_christianity.htm </li></ul>

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