Key Elements Of African Geography

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Key Elements Of African Geography

  1. 1. Key Elements of African Geography
  2. 2. Size <ul><li>Second largest continent </li></ul><ul><li>Three times the size of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Divided in half by the equator </li></ul>
  3. 3. Great Rift Valley <ul><li>U-shaped valley </li></ul><ul><li>2,000 feet deep, 30-50 miles wide </li></ul><ul><li>Major geographic barrier, transportation was very difficult </li></ul>
  4. 4. Coastline <ul><li>Smooth coastline = few natural harbors </li></ul><ul><li>Shallow coastal areas forced boats to anchor far offshore </li></ul><ul><li>These two factors prevented exploration </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rivers <ul><li>Excellent potential for hydroelectric power </li></ul><ul><li>Nile – worlds longest river </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the rivers are not navigable </li></ul>
  6. 6. Natural Resources <ul><li>Gold (Ghana, Zaire) </li></ul><ul><li>Oil (Nigeria, Libya, Algeria) </li></ul><ul><li>Diamonds – 80% of worlds supply </li></ul>
  7. 7. Deserts <ul><li>40 % of continent </li></ul><ul><li>Sahara – worlds largest desert, about the size of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic barrier – divides the continent into two halves, north and south </li></ul><ul><li>Kalahari desert located in the southern part of Africa </li></ul>
  8. 8. Effects of Geography <ul><li>Transportation is difficult </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rivers have rapids and waterfalls </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Smooth coastline </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sahara is a cultural barrier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farming is difficult due to scarcity of farmland and hot temperatures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor soil </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Resources are plentiful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need money and skilled laborers to develop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major hydroelectric potential </li></ul></ul>

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