European Imperialism In Africa

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European Imperialism In Africa

  1. 1. European Imperialism in Africa Why did Europeans have an interest in Africa?
  2. 2. Economic <ul><li>Africa was a new market for manufactured goods that could be sold for high prices </li></ul><ul><li>Africa was also a source of raw materials that could be manufactured </li></ul>
  3. 3. Military <ul><li>European countries could now control strategic waterways in Africa, such as the Suez Canal </li></ul>
  4. 4. Social <ul><li>Their was a “push” to civilize Africa with a white man’s culture through religion (Christianity), and social customs </li></ul>
  5. 5. Power and Prestige <ul><li>The more territory you controlled, the more powerful your country would be </li></ul>
  6. 6. Positive Effects <ul><li>European nutrition and medicine increased the life span of Africans, this led to the growth of the population </li></ul><ul><li>Europeans introduced modern transportation and communication systems, such as telegraphs, telephones, and railroads </li></ul><ul><li>A small minority of Africans received improved education and greater economic opportunities </li></ul>
  7. 7. Negative Effects <ul><li>European domination led to the erosion of traditional African Values and destroyed many existing social relationships </li></ul><ul><li>African people were treated as inferior to the Europeans (ethnocentrism). They had to work long hours for little pay. </li></ul><ul><li>Europeans divided up Africa with no respect for tribal, ethnic, or cultural boundaries. These divisions have led to ongoing clashes in many African countries (tribal warfare). </li></ul>

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