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Ancient Egypt

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Ancient Egypt

  1. 1. Ancient Egypt “The Gift of the Nile”
  2. 2. Geography <ul><li>Herodotus called Egypt the “Gift of the Nile” </li></ul><ul><li>Each year the Nile overflowed its banks, leaving behind a thick layer of nutrient rich soil the Egyptians called “black gold” </li></ul><ul><li>The Nile is approximately 4,000 miles long and empties into the Mediterranean Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Without the Nile, civilization in Egypt would not have been possible </li></ul>
  3. 3. Map of Egypt
  4. 4. Religion <ul><li>The Ancient Egyptians were polytheistic, they worshipped many gods </li></ul><ul><li>The Egyptians preserved the bodies of important people, such as pharaohs, as mummies </li></ul>
  5. 5. Social Organization
  6. 6. System of Writing <ul><li>Hieroglyphics, a form of writing that used pictures and abstract symbols and was developed around 3,000 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>The Rosetta Stone, discovered in 1799 revealed many secrets that were previously unknown about </li></ul><ul><li> Egyptian life and culture. It took </li></ul><ul><li> nearly 16 years to translate. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Hieroglyphics and the Rosetta Stone
  8. 8. Egyptian Achievements <ul><li>Pyramids were built as tombs for the Pharaoh. The size of the pyramid was symbolic of the pharaohs wealth and power </li></ul><ul><li>The largest pyramid at Giza, covered 13 acres and was built from 2.3 million stones each weighing 2-5 tons </li></ul><ul><li>The Egyptians made many advances in math and engineering </li></ul>
  9. 9. Great Pyramids of Giza
  10. 10. Sphinx
  11. 11. Giza Virtual Tour <ul><li>http:// www.egyptvoyager.com/pyramids_giza_virtual.htm </li></ul>

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