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Capitalization1

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Capitalization1

  1. 1. Capitalization Copy all notes in journals and complete assignments.
  2. 2. RULE #1 Capitalize the first word of a sentence P ioneers pushed the American frontier westward. Capitalizing sentences, quotations, and letter parts
  3. 3. RULE #2 Capitalize the first word of a direct quotation that is a complete sentence. Tyrone said, “ T he pioneers acted very bravely.”
  4. 4. RULE #3 When a quoted sentence is interrupted by explanatory words, such as she said, do not begin the second part of the sentence with a capital letter. “ They left their homes,” said Lee, “ s o they could improve their lives.”
  5. 5. RULE #3 continued When the second part of a quotation is a new sentence, put a period after the interrupting expression, and begin the second part of the quotation with a capital letter. “ Many pioneers went west for the rich farmland,” said Maria. “ T hey also wanted to build new homes.”
  6. 6. RULE #4 Do not capitalize an indirect quotation. An indirect quotation does not repeat a person’s exact words and does not appear in quotation marks. It is often introduced by the word that . Tanya read that m any pioneers traveled in Conestoga wagons.
  7. 7. RULE #5 Capitalize the first word in the salutation and closing of a letter. Capitalize the title and name of the person addressed. D ear M rs. J ohnson, D ear friend, Y ours truly, S incerely,
  8. 8. Assignment #1 Worksheet Lesson #68 Study the review notes and follow the directions.
  9. 9. Capitalizing people’s names and titles Rule #1 Capitalize the names of people and the initials that stand for their names. M eriwether L ewis S usan B . A nthony J . F . C ooper
  10. 10. Rule #2 Capitalize a title or an abbreviation of a title when it comes before a person’s name or when it is used instead of a name. G eneral Lee S en. John Glenn M rs. Adams Did L ieutenant Clark say, “Yes, C aptain, I’ll go with you’?
  11. 11. Rule #2 continued Do not capitalize a title that follows a person’s name or is used as a common noun. Clark himself was later promoted to c aptain. Thomas Jefferson, then p resident, planned the expedition.
  12. 12. Rule #3 Capitalize the names and abbreviations of academic degrees that follow a person’s name. Capitalize Jr. and Sr. M. Katayama, M . D . Jan Rangel, Ph . D . Robert Ayers J r.
  13. 13. Rule #4 Capitalize words that show family relationships when used as titles or as substitutes for a person’s name. In 1960 F ather retraced the steps of Lewis and Clark. He was accompanied by U ncle Bill
  14. 14. Rule #4 continued Do not capitalize words that show family relationships when they follow a possessive noun or pronoun. Sharon’s a unt Janet wrote an article about the trip. Possessive Noun
  15. 15. Rule #5 Always capitalize the pronoun I. Social studies is the subject I like.
  16. 16. Assignment #2 Writer’s Choice text p. 541—exercise 2 in journals. Check and record tomorrow.
  17. 17. Assignment #3 Classwork: Worksheet Lesson 69 TLW use rules of capitalization for names and titles.
  18. 18. Capitalizing place names rule #1 Capitalize the names of cities, counties, states countries, and continents. H ouston O range C ounty I owa J apan
  19. 19. Capitalizing place names rule #2 Capitalize the names of bodies of water and geographical features. M editerranean S ea G ulf of M exico N iagara Falls A tlantic Ocean
  20. 20. Capitalizing place names rule #3 Capitalize the names of sections of the country. M idwest N ew E ngland the F ar W est
  21. 21. Capitalizing place names rule #4 Capitalize compass points when they refer to a specific section of the country. the W est C oast the N orth the S outheast
  22. 22. Capitalizing place names rule #4 continued Do not capitalize compass points when they indicate direction. Los Angeles is s outh of San Francisco. Do not capitalize adjectives derived from words indicating direction. e asterly wind w estern Texas
  23. 23. Capitalizing place names rule #5 continued Capitalize the names of streets and highways. M onroe S treet R oute 66 M ercury B oulevard C andy A venue
  24. 24. Capitalizing place names rule #6 continued Capitalize the names of buildings, bridges, and monuments. C hrysler B uilding B rooklyn B ridge W ashington M onument
  25. 25. Capitalizing place names rule #7 continued Capitalize the names of celestial bodies. P luto N orth S tar the M ilky W ay
  26. 26. ASSIGNMENT #4 Classwork: TLW identify and use the rules to capitalization for place names Textbook p. 543 exercise 4 in journals.
  27. 27. Day 5 assignment TLW FOLLOW THE RULES OF CAPITALIZATION FOR NAMES OF PLACES. CLASSWORK: Lesson 70 p. 241-244
  28. 28. Capitalizing other proper nouns and adjectives Rule #1 Capitalize the names of clubs, organizations, businesses, institutions, and political parties. D ata C orporation B oy S couts R epublican party
  29. 29. Rule #2 Capitalize brand names but not the nouns following them. C runcho peanut butter S piffy cleaning fluid
  30. 30. Rule #3 Capitalize the names of important historical events, periods of time, and documents B attle of Y orktown B ronze A ge B ill of R ights
  31. 31. Rule #4 Capitalize names of days of the week, months of the year, and holidays. Do not capitalize names of the seasons. T hursday A pril M emorial D ay s ummer
  32. 32. Rule #5 Capitalize the first word, the last word, and all important words in the title of a book, play, short story, poem, essay, article, film television series, song, magazine, newspaper, and chapter of a book. A W rinkle in T ime “ T he R aven” W ashington P ost
  33. 33. Rule #6 Capitalize the names of ethnic groups, nationalities, and languages. A sian G erman S panish E nglish
  34. 34. Rule #7 Capitalize proper adjectives that are formed from the names of ethnic groups and nationalities. A sian languages I talian food E nglish authors
  35. 35. Assignment #6 TLW FOLLOW RULES OF CAPITALIZATION FOR NOUNS AND PROPER ADJECTIVES Writer’s Choice text p. 545—exercise 6 in journals. Check and record tomorrow.

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