Analogies
Analogies test your ability to: <ul><li>Recognize the relationship between the words in a word pair </li></ul><ul><li>Reco...
To answer an analogy question you must: <ul><li>Formulate and recognize the relationship between the words in the given wo...
Analogies look like this: <ul><li>STEM:WORDS :: </li></ul><ul><li>First pair </li></ul><ul><li>Second pair </li></ul><ul><...
In what ways could two words be related? <ul><li>The relationship will  always  have to do with the  meaning  of the words...
Examples of possible relationships <ul><li>Synonyms or antonyms </li></ul><ul><li>A part to the whole </li></ul><ul><li>A ...
Here is one example of each of these relationships   OVEN : ?? TRUCK : TRANSPORT Object to Function COOL : ?? WARM : HOT M...
PRACTICE <ul><li>PLATOON:SOLDIER </li></ul><ul><li>HOT:SCALDING </li></ul><ul><li>STARVATION:BINGING </li></ul><ul><li>GIL...
Approaches that may be helpful in answering analogy questions: <ul><li>Try to establish a precise relationship between the...
Example <ul><li>APPLE : FRUIT :: </li></ul><ul><li>Salad : Mix </li></ul><ul><li>Orange: Banana </li></ul><ul><li>Juice : ...
How do you know if you have a good sentence? <ul><li>Look at the answer choices </li></ul><ul><li>If more than one answer ...
Example <ul><li>PEN : WRITE :: </li></ul><ul><li>Pencil : Sharpen </li></ul><ul><li>Ink : Blue </li></ul><ul><li>Letter : ...
Helpful Approaches con’t: <ul><li>Pay attention to the order of the words in the pair </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to t...
Practice <ul><li>Mnemonic : Remember ::  </li></ul><ul><li>Amnesiac : Forget </li></ul><ul><li>Euphoria : Relax </li></ul>...
Answer <ul><li>Mnemonic : Remember :: </li></ul><ul><li>E. Glasses : See </li></ul>
Practice <ul><li>EXCORIATE : ABRADE :: </li></ul><ul><li>Consent : Decree </li></ul><ul><li>Demur : Agree </li></ul><ul><l...
Answer <ul><li>EXCORIATE : ABRADE :: </li></ul><ul><li>D. Eschew : Avoid </li></ul>
Practice <ul><li>COBBLER : OXFORDS :: </li></ul><ul><li>Mason : Mortar </li></ul><ul><li>Lapidary : Stones </li></ul><ul><...
Answer <ul><li>COBBLER : OXFORDS :: </li></ul><ul><li>D. Chandler : Candles </li></ul>
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Analogies Wcu.Edu

727 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
727
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
39
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Grown-Up -ADULT Full - EMPTY Branch - TREE Carrot -VEGTABLE Heat - BOIL Cool -FRIGID Oven - BAKE
  • Let’s practice recognizing relationships. Part to whole - the second word (solider) is part of the first word (platoon) Varying degree - the first word (hot) is the extreme of the second word (scalding) Antonym Object to function - gills are used to breathe Synonym -someone who is persuasive is also convincing Member to category- soccer is a type of sport
  • Make a sentence that shows the relationship between apple and fruit. How about “An apple is a type of fruit.” Test that sentence by going through all five answers choices, replacing apple &amp; fruit with the different pairs of words. Only one pair fits the sentence. Answer E: A carrot is a type of vegetable.
  • Too specific sentence - I once had a pen that my dog chewed but it still wrote in different colors. - sentence is too long, too specific. Too general: A pen is a thing and to write is an action. Sentence is too vague. It describes each word individually and not the relationship of the words. Lots of very different pairs of words could fit from this sentence.
  • Mnemonic - a device used to aid memory Remember is to recall A mnemonic is a device used to help one to remember Looking for an object to a function An amnesiac is someone who has lost their memory. Euphoria is a feeling of great joy. Nostril is either of two openings at the end of a nose. Audio- the recording or reproduction of sound. Are glasses a device used to help one see? Glasses are a device used to correct poor vision, thus enabling a person to see more clearly.
  • Excoriate - to wear off the skin, often through abrasion Abrade - to be worn away by friction Excoriate and Abrade are synonyms. We are looking for two words that mean the same. Consent means to give permission, decree means to order Demur means to object which is the opposite of agree. Mar means to detract from. Burnish means to polish metal until it shines. Eschew means to avoid doing something. Proscribe is to prohibit something , support is to give active help D. Is the only answers that the two words have the same meaning.
  • Cobbler is someone who makes shoes. Oxfords are a type of shoe. Looking for a member to category. Mason -someone who makes things out of stone. Mortar is used to hold bricks and stone together. Lapidary means to engrave in stone. Haberdasher is someone who owns or works in a store that sells mens clothing. A chandler is a candle maker. Agronomist is someone who studies soil management.
  • Analogies Wcu.Edu

    1. 1. Analogies
    2. 2. Analogies test your ability to: <ul><li>Recognize the relationship between the words in a word pair </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize when two word pairs display parallel relationships </li></ul>
    3. 3. To answer an analogy question you must: <ul><li>Formulate and recognize the relationship between the words in the given word pair </li></ul><ul><li>Select the answer containing words related to one another in most nearly the same way </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize when two word pairs display parallel relationships </li></ul>
    4. 4. Analogies look like this: <ul><li>STEM:WORDS :: </li></ul><ul><li>First pair </li></ul><ul><li>Second pair </li></ul><ul><li>Third pair </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth pair </li></ul><ul><li>Fifth pair </li></ul>
    5. 5. In what ways could two words be related? <ul><li>The relationship will always have to do with the meaning of the words </li></ul>
    6. 6. Examples of possible relationships <ul><li>Synonyms or antonyms </li></ul><ul><li>A part to the whole </li></ul><ul><li>A member to the category that contains it </li></ul><ul><li>Cause to effect (or effect to cause) </li></ul><ul><li>Varying degrees of a quantity or quality </li></ul><ul><li>Object to function </li></ul>
    7. 7. Here is one example of each of these relationships OVEN : ?? TRUCK : TRANSPORT Object to Function COOL : ?? WARM : HOT Matters of Degree HEAT : ?? SLIVER : PAIN Cause to Effect CARROT : ?? APPLE : FRUIT Member to Category BRANCH : ?? WHEEL : CAR Part to whole FULL : ?? BIG : SMALL Antonyms GROWN-UP : ?? INFANT: BABY Synonyms
    8. 8. PRACTICE <ul><li>PLATOON:SOLDIER </li></ul><ul><li>HOT:SCALDING </li></ul><ul><li>STARVATION:BINGING </li></ul><ul><li>GILLS:BREATHING </li></ul><ul><li>PERSUASIVE:CONVINCING </li></ul><ul><li>SOCCER:SPORT </li></ul>
    9. 9. Approaches that may be helpful in answering analogy questions: <ul><li>Try to establish a precise relationship between the words in the given pair </li></ul><ul><li>Form a sentence that captures the relationship between the two words </li></ul><ul><li>Then look for the answer choice containing the word pair whose relationship is closest to that of the given pair and can be expressed in a similar fashion </li></ul>
    10. 10. Example <ul><li>APPLE : FRUIT :: </li></ul><ul><li>Salad : Mix </li></ul><ul><li>Orange: Banana </li></ul><ul><li>Juice : Can </li></ul><ul><li>Slice : Core </li></ul><ul><li>Carrot : Vegetable </li></ul>
    11. 11. How do you know if you have a good sentence? <ul><li>Look at the answer choices </li></ul><ul><li>If more than one answer choice seems to fit, then your sentence is too general </li></ul><ul><li>If none of them work, then your sentence is too specific </li></ul>
    12. 12. Example <ul><li>PEN : WRITE :: </li></ul><ul><li>Pencil : Sharpen </li></ul><ul><li>Ink : Blue </li></ul><ul><li>Letter : Compose </li></ul><ul><li>Knife : Cut </li></ul><ul><li>Mistake : Erase </li></ul>
    13. 13. Helpful Approaches con’t: <ul><li>Pay attention to the order of the words in the pair </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to the parts of speech </li></ul><ul><li>The relationships you need to explain will be constant relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Analogy questions are vocabulary intensive </li></ul><ul><li>Remember that a single word can have several different meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Never decide on the best answer without reading all the answer choices </li></ul><ul><li>Practice recognizing and formulating relationships between word pairs </li></ul>
    14. 14. Practice <ul><li>Mnemonic : Remember :: </li></ul><ul><li>Amnesiac : Forget </li></ul><ul><li>Euphoria : Relax </li></ul><ul><li>Nostril : Smell </li></ul><ul><li>Audio : Hear </li></ul><ul><li>E. Glasses : See </li></ul>
    15. 15. Answer <ul><li>Mnemonic : Remember :: </li></ul><ul><li>E. Glasses : See </li></ul>
    16. 16. Practice <ul><li>EXCORIATE : ABRADE :: </li></ul><ul><li>Consent : Decree </li></ul><ul><li>Demur : Agree </li></ul><ul><li>Mar : Burnish </li></ul><ul><li>Eschew : Avoid </li></ul><ul><li>Proscribe : Support </li></ul>
    17. 17. Answer <ul><li>EXCORIATE : ABRADE :: </li></ul><ul><li>D. Eschew : Avoid </li></ul>
    18. 18. Practice <ul><li>COBBLER : OXFORDS :: </li></ul><ul><li>Mason : Mortar </li></ul><ul><li>Lapidary : Stones </li></ul><ul><li>Haberdasher : Linen </li></ul><ul><li>Chandler : Candles </li></ul><ul><li>Agronomist : Fertilizer </li></ul>
    19. 19. Answer <ul><li>COBBLER : OXFORDS :: </li></ul><ul><li>D. Chandler : Candles </li></ul>

    ×