The Portuguese Digital Agenda

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Using Technology to Change a country:
The Portuguese Technological Plan and its e-Escola initiatives to provide one laptop per student and teacher.
November 2009

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  • Sunrise over a calm sea at Meadfoot. Photo by Karl Memory
  • The Portuguese Digital Agenda

    1. 1. THE PORTUGUESE DIGITAL AGENDA: USING TECHNOLOGY TO CHANGE A COUNTRY
    2. 2. WHY A DIGITAL AGENDA?
    3. 3. “...when the sea was calm all boats alike show’d mastership in floating...” Shakespeare, Coriolanus, Act IV, Scene I
    4. 4. “Uncharted waters ahead” Pierre Wack, HBR, 1985
    5. 5. WHAT HAS CHANGED?
    6. 6. THE WORLD HAS BECOME TRULY GLOBAL
    7. 7. THE WORLD HAS BECOME (MORE) UNPREDICTABLE
    8. 8. THE WEB IS CHANGING THE RULES OF CHANGE
    9. 9. A “NET GENERATION” HAS REINVENTED THE WEB Web 1.0 Web 2.0 • Browse (Yahoo!) • Search (Google) • Publishing (Britannica Online) • Participation (Wikipedia) • Download (mp3.com) • Share (Napster) • Mass advertising • Context Ads (DoubleClick) (Google AdSense) • One to many (Akamai) • Many to many (BitTorrent) • Static contents • Dynamic contents, continuously updated (personal homepages) (Blogs/Twitter) • Centralised content management • Shared and open editing (CMS) (Wikis) • Taxonomy of contents • Folksonomy (directories) (tags) • Contents scattered over several web • Syndicated contents pages (HTML) (RSS feeds) • Unique visitors & pageviews • Community members (Hi5, Facebook, LinkedIn, etc.) Adapted from http://www.oreillynet.com/pub/a/oreilly/tim/news/2005/09/30/what-is-web-20.html
    10. 10. ...USING NEW WAYS TO COMMUNICATE AND SHARE
    11. 11. THAT GENERATION IS CHANGING THE WORLD
    12. 12. BUT CHANGE COMES IN DIFFERENT FLAVOURS... Stewart Brand
    13. 13. NEW TECHNOLOGIES TRIGGER FASTER CHANGE Mobile GSM 3G networks 3.5G 4G GPRS UMTS Cable Cable modem (DOCSIS/CDLP) Phone VDSL line Dial-up ADSL ADSL2/2+ VDSL2 Next Generation FTTB/C FTTH Networks 50kbps 500kbps 8Mbps 50Mbps 100Mbps
    14. 14. Collaboration Information Interaction KNOWLEDGE TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION Anywhere Anytime With anyone
    15. 15. WHY A DIGITAL CHANGE AGENDA FOR PORTUGAL?
    16. 16. PORTUGAL Area: 92,391 sq km Population: 10,707,924 (July 2009 est.) Age structure: 0-14 years: 16.3%; 15-64 years: 66.1%; 65 years and over: 17.6%* Population growth rate: 0.275%* Birth rate: 10.29 births/1,000 pop.* Death rate: 10.62 deaths/1,000 pop.** Net migration rate: 3.14 migrant(s)/1,000 pop.* Infant mortality rate: 4.78 deaths/1,000 live births Life expectancy at birth: 78.21 years Total fertility rate: 1.49 children born/woman* *2009 est. **2008 est. (source: CIA - The World Factbook)
    17. 17. Following its heyday as a global maritime power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence of its wealthiest colony of Brazil in 1822. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986. (source: CIA - The World Factbook)
    18. 18. IN 2005, ECONOMIC GROWTH WAS SLOW GDP GROWTH (%) 3,9% 2,0% 1,5% 0,8% 0,7% -0,8% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
    19. 19. PORTUGAL NEEDED TO CHANGE • With the Euro currency, • The enlargement of it became impossible to European Union sustain competitiveness by brought new competitors to devaluating the currency the same playing field • ThePact for Stability • Globalisation made it and Growth limited the impossible to compete possibility of using public based on low wages expenditure to sustain growth and jobs
    20. 20. PORTUGUESE CONSUMERS WELCOME CHANGE Source: Ericsson ConsumerLab 2008
    21. 21. PORTUGAL NEEDED A DIGITAL AGENDA TO TURN TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE INTO AN ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY
    22. 22. WHAT DIGITAL CHANGE AGENDA FOR PORTUGAL?
    23. 23. KNOWLEDGE qualified individuals An action plan, whose coordination reported TECHNOLOGY directly to the Prime flexible communities Minister (2005-2009), getting the whole Government as well as private partners INNOVATION involved in making it a competitive society happen
    24. 24. A DIFFERENT KIND OF PLAN WAS REQUIRED... Condition for Economic the economic competi- activity tiveness Scientific and Technological Infrastructure Qualifications & Human Resources Entrepreneurship Network society Financing Systems
    25. 25. A DIGITAL AGENDA ABLE TO EVOLVE AND ADAPT 163 176 112 113 142 117 120 78 11/2005 07/2006 11/2006 07/2007 11/2007 07/2008 11/2008 07/2009 Initiatives 100% in the field
    26. 26. SIX MAIN FOCUS FOR CHANGE: Partnerships with the MIT, CMU, SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENT Harvard, Austin, Fraunhoffer, etc. QUALIFICATIONS “New Opportunities” to enroll 1 million people in lifelong learning BETTER ADMINISTRATION Rising from 16th to 3rd in the EU ranking of online public services availability LESS BUREAUCRACY “On the spot firm” to create a company in less than one hour INNOVATION NETWORKS Public initiatives for collective efficiency embedded in Structural Funds support DIGITAL DIVIDE Providing access and training to those excluded from the information society
    27. 27. BRIDGING THE DIGITAL DIVIDE: EDUCATION 2.0
    28. 28. IN 2005, 6 IN EVERY 10 FAMILIES DID NOT HAVE A PC 2005: Technology usage in Portuguese households (%) Computer with broadband Internet 20% Households with no Computer computer at with 11% home broadband Internet 58% 11% Computer with no connection Source: INE, 2005
    29. 29. WHAT IS IT? • The “e-escola” isa public programme, funded through a public-private alliance with the 3G telecom operators (it was part of their licence agreements to promote the information society) • The “e-escola” programme is framed in the Portuguese Government’s Technological Plan as the key initiative to bridge the Digital Divide
    30. 30. LAUNCHED IN JUNE 2007 • The “e-escola” programmemakes available for the subsidised price of 150€ (about US$200) a cutting-edge laptop to 750.000 people: • Students from the 5th to the 12th year of schooling, 10 to 18 y.o. • Teachers of primary and secondary education • Adults involved in lifelong learning • Thelaptop comes bundled with software, training and mobile broadband at a discounted rate (17,5€ per month) for 2 years
    31. 31. ONE STEP FURTHER: • Expanding the “e-escola” initiative, the Portuguese Government announced in July 30th 2008 a strategic partnership with Intel to develop the Magalhães initiative.
    32. 32. ONE STEP FURTHER: • Introducing the Magalhães laptop, made in Portugal based on the Intel Classmate platform (1GB RAM, 30GB HD, 8.9” LCD) • Makingit available to the 500.000 students enrolled in primary education, who pay 0 to 50€ for the laptop
    33. 33. ONE STEP FURTHER: • InOctober 2008, Microsoft joined the “Magalhães Alliance”, unveiling the Magalhães Software Suite • "This is a unique, amazing and wonderful program on a global scale" Steve Ballmer
    34. 34. 1 MILLION LAPTOPS DELIVERED SINCE 2007-07 Laptops delivered by the e-Escola Programme 370 000 300 000 140 000 590 000 500 000 415 000 235 000 2008-07 2008-12 2009-03 2009-06 e-escolinha e-escola e-professor e-oportunidades Source: MOPTC
    35. 35. AN INDEPENDENT VIEW... http://tinyurl.com/ obamapt
    36. 36. WORKING TOGETHER FOR THE DIGITAL INCLUSION Public initiatives Private initiatives •Technological Plan for • •Nation-wide broadband Education coverage (400M€ to develop the •IT Academies promoted schools’ technological (broadband-connected by the industry infrastructures and laptops for over 1 million upgrade teachers’ skills) teachers, students and •Digital literacy adults in lifelong learning) development Web-enabling the whole education system, updating teaching and learning strategies to this new connected world: Education 2.0
    37. 37. EDUCATION 2.0 IS BEGINNING TO UNFOLD... Students per PC ratio • Technological resources have 20 become widely available at Portuguese schools 15 • The next step is to ensure the involvement of teachers 18 10 in the redesigning of their 5 role using the new available 5,6 teaching tools 2005 0 2009 Source: Portuguese Ministry of Education
    38. 38. SOME FIGURES TO ILLUSTRATE THE IMPACT OF THIS DIGITAL AGENDA
    39. 39. INTERNET ACCESS Computer, Internet and Conventional and Mobile Broadband in Portuguese Broadband penetration households (%) (% of total population) 60% 25% 56% 22% 20% 48% 50% 48% 45% 41% 42% 45% 46% 46% 18% 19% 40% 16% 15% 31% 35% 39% 30% 13% 14% 14% 14% 14% 14% 13% 15% 15% 26% 11% 30% 10% 8% 9% 20% 24% 12% 15% 5% 2004 1T07 2T07 2005 3T074T07 0% 2006 0% 1T08 2T08 2007 3T08 4T08 2008 2009 Broadband Internet Computer Conventional (ADSL+Cable) Mobile Source: INE Source: ANACOM
    40. 40. QUALIFICATIONS AND LIFELONG LEARNING Adults enrolled in the New Secondary level education Opportunities lifelong learning attainment among 20-24 y.o. (%) 54,3% 53,4% 772 521 49,6% 49,6% 516 000 49,0% 298 060 47,9% 54 972 77 246 2003 2004 2005 2005 2006 2007 2008-102009-06 2006 2007 2008 Source: MTSS Source: Eurostat
    41. 41. INVESTMENT IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Public Budget for R&D Doctorate scholarships granted (Million Euros) 1 831 1 621 1 194 1 701 1 272 1 116 1 082 2005 2008 2007 2006 2006 2005 2007 Source: MCTES Source: FCT - MCTES
    42. 42. CONDITIONS FOR THE ECONOMIC ACTIVITY Number of days required to Simplified Information for open a business Companies (issued declarations) 78 78 792 227 54 397 319 8 7 6 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 30-04-2007 02-10-2007 10-2008 Source: World Bank Source: MJ
    43. 43. ECONOMIC COMPETITIVENESS Technological Balance of Income of the Payments Technological Balance 644 573 38 51 24 453 -102 -168 -151 -175 368 -231 198 196 169 164 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Values in millions of Euros for the first semester of each year Source: Banco de Portugal
    44. 44. IS THE PORTUGUESE EXPERIENCE RELEVANT TO OTHER COUNTRIES?
    45. 45. WHAT IS UNIQUE ABOUT THE PORTUGUESE INITIATIVE? • The political priority given in Portugal to its Digital Agenda resulted from the vision of a determined Prime Minister, who has been rolling out his strategy for the past 4 year • Themain source of funding to the programme (commitments established when the 3G licenses were granted) is not commonly available
    46. 46. WHAT CAN BE REPLICATED, THEN? • The Portuguese initiatives demonstrates the viability of the business model of subsidising connected laptops by telecom operators (like they do with handsets). • The “e-escola” initiatives, particularly Magalhães, can also show the deep impact of the massive use of technology in the classroom. • Theformat of a public-private alliance can be reproduced, gathering key stakeholders for connectivity, hardware and software.
    47. 47. KNOWLEDGE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION ARE KEYS FOR A BETTER FUTURE
    48. 48. RUI GRILO FORMER DEPUTY COORDINATOR OF THE PORTUGUESE GOVERNMENT’S TECHNOLOGICAL PLAN DOCTOR OF MANAGEMENT IN ORGANISATIONAL CHANGE RUI.GRILO@MAIL.TELEPAC.PT WWW.IDEASWORTHSHARING.NET WWW.TWITTER.COM/RGRILO

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