2010 IUT Cloud
Computing Presentation
Presented by
Raymond Gao
9 Novembre, 2010
Describe myself
 Job history
 Chief Architect @ Nokia Business Infrastructure
 Senior E-Commerce Architect / Technical ...
Presentation Overview
What is cloud computing?
How does cloud computing affect you (research &
study)?
Trend and major ...
Understand the audience
How many people have used server virtualization
software?
 Using Parallel Desktop? Virtual PC? O...
What exactly is cloud computing?
9 Novembre, 2010
5
2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
The details
Give definition
 How many people don’t have electricity at home?
 Cloud computing is just like electricity ...
What is Cloud Computing?
9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
7
First, think of your electricity
service…
Pow...
Introducing Amazon Web Services
9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
8
AWS provides flexible, scalable, secur...
Why is Cloud computing important?
9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
9
2007: AWS bandwidth usage surpassed
Amazon.com global websites
Today: AWS bandwidth usage 30% greater
than Amazon.com glob...
Amazon S3 Momentum
9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
11
Total Number of Objects Stored in Amazon S3
2.9 Bi...
Facebook Members
More than 500 million
active users
over 900 million objects
(pages, groups, events and
community pages)...
With Zucker
9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
13
Predicting Infrastructure Needs
9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
14
ComputePower
Time
Predicted Usage
Act...
Wall Street & Amazon EC2
9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
15
NumberofEC2Instances
300 CPU’s on
weekends
T...
Amazon Web Services
9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
16
Compute
Amazon Elastic Compute
Cloud (EC2)
-Elast...
AWS Console
Saturday, Oct 2nd, 2010 2010 DFW Cloud Computing Seminar
17
Elastic Fox – A management tool
Saturday, Oct 2nd, 2010 2010 DFW Cloud Computing Seminar
18
Rationales for cloud computing
Variable Load
Reliability
Flexibility
Low-Latency
Highly Scalable
Easy-to-user
9 Nove...
AWS Global Reach
9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
20
Amazon EC2, Amazon Elastic MapReduce,
Amazon SimpleD...
How can universities benefit from
cloud computing?
Developing new software
 Setup and tear down environment
 Show a vis...
http://Aws.Amazon.com/eduction
Class Grant - $100 AWS credit for each student
 University of Maryland
 Harvard Universi...
Demonstration of A
Headless AMI Server - Ubuntu
9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
23
AWS Cost Structure
Time based – Usage based on Hours
 EC2
Transaction based - Number of hits per time-period
 RDBS
Si...
Instants Type
1 ECU = 1.0 – 1.2 GHz Opteron/Xeon from 2007
9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
25
RAM Cores ...
Standard Instances
 Well suited for most applications
High Memory Instances
 Offer large memory sizes for high through...
AWS monthly cost calculator
9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
27
http://calculator.s3.amazonaws.com/calc5....
Tools for managing AWS Cloud
Command Line
Elastic Fox & S3 Fox
AWS Management Console
Explorers – Bucket / SimpleDB
M...
 Billed for actual usage on monthly basis
 Standard Instances
 Linux/UNIX starting at $0.095 USD per hour
 Windows sta...
Choosing an AWS Database Solution
9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
30
Amazon EC2 Relational
Database AMIs...
Trend and analysis of current market
Who are players?
What are they doing?
 Offering
 Strategy
 cost
9 Novembre, 2010...
Who are jumping on the bandwagon?
 Big Names
 Amazon *
 Google
 IBM
 Microsoft
 Oracle
 Salesforce *
 Additional p...
Other Important Developments
Loosely coupled web
 REST vs. SOAP
 AJAX, Flash, iPad
Social Networking
 Facebook
 Twit...
The Meshup Web
9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
34
Facebook Graph API
https://graph.facebook.com/oauth/authorize? client_id=...&
redirect_uri=http://www.example.com/oauth_re...
Designing Applications for Reliability
9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
36
Region
Availability Zone Avail...
Setting up Amazon Web Services
Account
Pre-requisites
 SSH client – Putty.exe on Windows, built-in in Mac and
Linux
To-...
Account Page
9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
38
Getting AWS Access Identifiers
9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
39
•Access Key
•Secret Key
•X.509 Certifi...
Amazon WS Management Console
9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
40
Allows
Start / Stop / Pause a VM
instan...
Contact Me
Email: raygao2000@yahoo.com
Facebook: http://facebook.com/raygao2009
Blog: http://raysblog.are4.us
9 Novembr...
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IUT presentation - English

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1st Presentation to IUT, U de Bourgogne, Dijon, France

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  • Avant, j’ai travaillé chez:
    Sun Microsystems comme l’Architecte Principal pour Commerce Électronique (Senior E-commerce Architect)
    Nokia comme l’Architecte Principal pour les Régions Amériques du Nord et Sud (Chief Program Architect)
    Le Membre de l’Organisation JCP, pour la but d’avancer la technologie Java comme une software libre (JCP Board Member)
    Le Membre du Conseil du Projet JXTA, une plate-forme libre pour la Connexion Pair à Pair (Peer-to-Peer Computing) – (JXTA Board of director)
    Le Rédacteur en Chef pour le P2P Journal (Une revue de la technologie Pair à Pair qui était jugée par les membres)
    J’ai donné présentations dans les congres:
    Java One
    Java Plus
    Le Séminaire Dagstuhl, qui était organisée par L’institut Max Planck et Le Société de l’Informatique Allemande (Max Planck Institute & Deutusche Informatik Gesellschaft)
    Etc.
    J’ai publié les articles dans les revues:
    Enterprise Linux,
    XML Journal,
    eAI Journal,
    etc/.
  • Qu’est-ce que le sens du Cloud Computing? Ce nom, on peut traduire à français – la technologie informatique dans les nuages.
    Comme la nuage n’a pas une forme constante, est-ce que on peut faire la même conclusions avec ça – la technologie?
    La Réponse – La technologie signifie une mouvement dans l’industrie qu’on peut virtualiser les ressourcés locaux, par exemple, les mémoires vivantes, les processeurs, les bandes passantes, et le obtenir lorsque une nouvelle demande apparaît.
    Nous volons discuter les joueurs dans cette domaine.
    Le sens / la direction de cette industrie
    Faire une démonstration de la technologie avec Amazon Web Services (AWS)
  • Combine de personne ici utilise un portable Mac comme moi?
    Est-ce qu’on peut tourner les logiciels Windows sur le Mac? – VMWare Fusion, Parallel Desktop, XenBox, VirtualPC.
    Y a-t-il quelqu'un qui a déjà construit une web site avec PHP, Java, CGI, Ruby On Rails, ….?
    Lui demande sa expérience, …
    Les difficultés, l’éffort, …
  • La promesse du Cloud Computing – on pourrait / puisse obtenir les ressourcés de calcules sur la demande, par exemple, les mémoires vivantes, les processeurs, et les bandes passantes, si la nouvelle demande apparaît. C’est l’histoire ancienneté qu’on a besoins de acheté « les boîtes » - un autre nom pour l’ordinateur, parce qu’ils sont cher et aussi n’est pas souple -> Le prix pour l’investissement de équipements est élevé; et, les équipements deviennent aussi obsolete plutôt rapide.
  • Les avantages:
    Économiser -> le prix est variable et ne pas fixe. Pourquoi payer pour les choses dont vous n’avez pas besoin? Ce n’est pas de bon sens pour acheter les ressources dont on n’a pas besoins.
    La vitesse est excellente – Les discs durs sont vraiment des fichiers. Il est plus rapide pour ouvrir / enregistrer une fichier que plusieurs fichiers.
    Très fiable – J’ai plus confiance à « cloud computing » que mon ordinateur – la batterie, la température, les virus, … AWS a sa propre très bons systèmes sauvegardes que moi.
    Monter à charger (Scalability) est très facile – On peut ajouter les ressources si on veuille.
    Le processus est définitif est facile à documenter.
  • Les ressourcés de calcule comme l'électricité. Je profite de l’énergie sans les problèmes d’opérer une centre électrique.
  • D’abord, je vous présente la modelé classique. C’est la AWS, qui a commencé l’opération depuis 2002. Avec AWS, on a une Centre de traitement de données (datacenter) sauf le prix et les responsabilités. Presque toutes les activités managements, on peut commander par le Navigateur Web (browser). Par exemple:
    Ajouter plusieurs de stockage
    Démarrer/Redémarrer des novelle instances de la machine
    Terminer une instances de la machine
    Convertir une machine virtuelle par un fichier dans le formate de S3.
    Attacher des nouvelles adressées à une machine virtuelle qui est tourner maintenant
    Monter à charger par ajouter plusieurs machines virtuelles.
  • Pour quoi est-ce que le Cloud Computing important pour les étudiants informatique?
  • Après 2008, il y a plus de la trafique du web qui a origine du AWS que le site principal du Amazon.
  • Il y a plus de 103 milliards de S3 objets, depuis 2009.
  • Il y a plus 500 milliards membres actives pour le réseau social - Facebook.
  • Moi avec le fondateur de Facebook
  • C’est très difficile à prévoir la demande.
    Si nous sommes réussi avec la prédiction d’avenir, chaque personne doive jouer la loterie. 
  • L’utilisation de système est jamais fois constant! Il régulé comme une fonctionne du temps.
    -------------------------
    This is a real usage graph from one of our financial services customers during the last week of April (They have asked to remain anonymous for competitive reasons). Firms on Wall Street are finding EC2 an ideal environment to run many of their daily mission critical grid computing and cpu bound applications for a couple key reasons: 1/ Flexibilitythe ability to instantly access hundreds/thousands of cores increases the amount of data they can process, improving the overall quality of their models. and 2/ Cost efficiencies, as they can complete more of their processing for less total spend (Not paying for infrastructure during times of the day and weekends when its not needed)
    This wall street firm in particular has a nightly business process where they upload the day’s market trading data into S3, and then run proprietary ‘risk management’ algorithms. This lasts ~10 hours during week nights, where they ramp up to the equivalent 3000 m1.smalls.
    During the day and on weekends, they maintain a base of roughly 300 cores, to handle their always on work loads.
  • Les éléments de AWS sont représentes par l’image au dessus. Pour expérimenter, il faut comprendre
    EC2 – La machine virtuelle
    S3 – La system du Storage
    EBS – opérer comme un disc dur
    Simple DB – Une base de données, qui est très simple sans schémas.
    ---------------------------------------------------------
    Amazon Web Services is a set of primitive building blocks to enable developers to build applications and, ultimately, businesses, on our battle-tested infrastructure. So what kinds of building blocks do developers need?
    First, you need compute resources. The Elastic Compute Cloud, or EC2, allows developers to rent virtual computers, running in our data centers, and pay for them by the hour. Provision as many as you need – 1, 10, 1000, for as long as you need them, and you pay only for what you use (starting at 10 cents/hour).
    Next, you probably need somewhere to durably store and retrieve data. The Simple Storage Service, is, well, a simple storage service that allows to store and retrieve objects in the cloud using simple put and get API calls.
    You might need to index and query for that data, or create other structured data that you want to query, which is what we built SimpleDB.
  • C’est le outil principal pour manager l’infrastructure AWS. L’interface est via le navigateur web.
  • Un autre outil de management par le navigateur web.
  • Les avantages:
    La vitesse
    Le prix
    La flexibilité
    La processus pour monter à charger.
    L’interface facile pour apprendre dans les minutes.
  • La distribution globale du AWS – les centres de données
  • Les avantages pour l’université
    Subvention pour recherché
    Les crédits pour les cours
    Faire les expérimentés – lancer et terminer les instances de la machine virtuelle. L’environnement est toujours propre et pas sale.
  • Les avantages pour l’université
    Subvention pour recherché
    Les crédits pour les cours
    Faire les expérimentés – lancer et terminer les instances de la machine virtuelle. L’environnement est toujours propre et pas sale.
  • Une system virtuelle sans la tète – l’écran.
  • Ce sont les type différents de machine virtuelle.
  • Standard Instances
    Well suited for most applications
    Small Instance (Default) 1.7 GB of memory, 1 EC2 Compute Unit (1 virtual core with 1 EC2 Compute Unit), 160 GB of local instance storage, 32-bit platform
    Large Instance 7.5 GB of memory, 4 EC2 Compute Units (2 virtual cores with 2 EC2 Compute Units each), 850 GB of local instance storage, 64-bit platform
    Extra Large Instance 15 GB of memory, 8 EC2 Compute Units (4 virtual cores with 2 EC2 Compute Units each), 1690 GB of local instance storage, 64-bit platform
    High-Memory Instances
    Offer large memory sizes for high throughput applications, including database and memory caching applications
    High-Memory Double Extra Large Instance 34.2 GB of memory, 13 EC2 Compute Units (4 virtual cores with 3.25 EC2 Compute Units each), 850 GB of local instance storage, 64-bit platform
    High-Memory Quadruple Extra Large Instance 68.4 GB of memory, 26 EC2 Compute Units (8 virtual cores with 3.25 EC2 Compute Units each), 1690 GB of local instance storage, 64-bit platform
    High-CPU Instances
    Have proportionally more CPU resources than memory (RAM) and are well suited for compute-intensive applications
    High-CPU Medium Instance 1.7 GB of memory, 5 EC2 Compute Units (2 virtual cores with 2.5 EC2 Compute Units each), 350 GB of local instance storage, 32-bit platform
    High-CPU Extra Large Instance 7 GB of memory, 20 EC2 Compute Units (8 virtual cores with 2.5 EC2 Compute Units each), 1690 GB of local instance storage, 64-bit platform
    EC2 Compute Unit (ECU) – One EC2 Compute Unit (ECU) provides the equivalent CPU capacity of a 1.0-1.2 GHz 2007 Opteron or 2007 Xeon processor.
  • http://calculator.s3.amazonaws.com/calc5.html
  • La technologie informatique dans les nuages est deviné comme une grande business pour touts les joueurs, par exemple,
    IBM - http://www.ibm.com/ibm/cloud/
    Amazon – La modelé classique
    Microsoft – Azure (DotNet) - http://www.microsoft.com/windowsazure/
    Google – (Python) http://code.google.com/appengine/
    Oracle – (Oracle S/W on Sun hardware) http://www.oracle.com/us/products/middleware/exalogic/index.html
  • Le croissance de la Mesh-Up Web.
    Le Protocol REST contre Le Protocol SOAP
    <Representation State Transfer>
    Le REST est une stratégie pour construire un web du couplage faible ( http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Couplage_faible ), sauf il n’utilise que les protocols HTTP (GET, PUT, POST, DELETE, ….)
    http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypertext_Transfer_Protocol
    On a liberté de choisir entré JSON (Javascript Object Notation) et XML (Extensible Markup Language)
    Facebook Graph API
    Salesforce REST API
    Twitter API
  • http://developers.facebook.com/docs/api
  • IUT presentation - English

    1. 1. 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Presentation Presented by Raymond Gao 9 Novembre, 2010
    2. 2. Describe myself  Job history  Chief Architect @ Nokia Business Infrastructure  Senior E-Commerce Architect / Technical Manager @ Sun Microsystems (now Oracle)  Board of Director for Project JXTA (P2P Computing like Bit Torrent)  Java Community Process Member  Amazon User Group Leader  Publications  Editor-in-Chief, Peer-to-Peer Computing Journal (Peer-reviewed)  eAI Journal, Enterprise Linux, XML Journal, …  Conferences  JavaOne, WebServices One, Dagstuhl (Max Planck Institute), Dresden, etc 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 2
    3. 3. Presentation Overview What is cloud computing? How does cloud computing affect you (research & study)? Trend and major players in cloud computing Analysis of leading players Demonstrations of cloud computing Q & A 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 3
    4. 4. Understand the audience How many people have used server virtualization software?  Using Parallel Desktop? Virtual PC? Or VMWare products?  Ask their experience about these software How many people have created dynamic websites? (PHP, CGI, Java, ROR) How many people have used managed server hosting? 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 4
    5. 5. What exactly is cloud computing? 9 Novembre, 2010 5 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar
    6. 6. The details Give definition  How many people don’t have electricity at home?  Cloud computing is just like electricity and better Describe the benefits of cloud computing  Cost  Flexibility  Reliability  Rapid scaling  Repeatable process 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 6
    7. 7. What is Cloud Computing? 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 7 First, think of your electricity service… Power is available to you on- demand, you pay only for what you use -> CPU, bandwidth, storage, memory …and you plug into a vast electrical grid managed by professionals to get you the lowest cost, most reliable power with much greater efficiency and safety than you could probably do on your own.
    8. 8. Introducing Amazon Web Services 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 8 AWS provides flexible, scalable, secure, and cost-effective IT infrastructure for businesses of all sizes around the world. Compute power and storage is available to you on-demand, you pay only for the resources you use… …running on scalable, reliable, and secure infrastructure operated by Amazon Web Services, based on the knowledge gleaned from over a decade of building efficient and dependable infrastructure for Amazon.com.
    9. 9. Why is Cloud computing important? 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 9
    10. 10. 2007: AWS bandwidth usage surpassed Amazon.com global websites Today: AWS bandwidth usage 30% greater than Amazon.com global websites Bandwidth Usage: AWS Usage Graph 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 10
    11. 11. Amazon S3 Momentum 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 11 Total Number of Objects Stored in Amazon S3 2.9 Billion 14 Billion 40 Billion 102 Billion
    12. 12. Facebook Members More than 500 million active users over 900 million objects (pages, groups, events and community pages) About 70% of Facebook users are outside the United States 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 12
    13. 13. With Zucker 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 13
    14. 14. Predicting Infrastructure Needs 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 14 ComputePower Time Predicted Usage Actual Usage Waste Customer Dissatisfaction
    15. 15. Wall Street & Amazon EC2 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 15 NumberofEC2Instances 300 CPU’s on weekends Thursday 4/23/200 9 Friday 4/24/2009 Sunday 4/26/2009 Monday 4/27/2009 Tuesday 4/28/2009 Saturday 4/25/2009 Wednesday 4/22/2009 3000-- 300 --
    16. 16. Amazon Web Services 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 16 Compute Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) -Elastic Load Balancing -Auto Scaling Storage Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) -AWS Import/Export Your Custom Applications and Services Content Delivery Amazon CloudFront Messaging Amazon Simple Queue Service (SQS) Payments Amazon Flexible Payments Service (FPS) On-Demand Workforce Amazon Mechanical Turk Parallel Processing Amazon Elastic MapReduce Monitoring Amazon CloudWatch Database Amazon RDS Amazon SimpleDB Management AWS Management Console Tools AWS Toolkit for Eclipse Isolated Networks Amazon Virtual Private Cloud
    17. 17. AWS Console Saturday, Oct 2nd, 2010 2010 DFW Cloud Computing Seminar 17
    18. 18. Elastic Fox – A management tool Saturday, Oct 2nd, 2010 2010 DFW Cloud Computing Seminar 18
    19. 19. Rationales for cloud computing Variable Load Reliability Flexibility Low-Latency Highly Scalable Easy-to-user 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 19
    20. 20. AWS Global Reach 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 20 Amazon EC2, Amazon Elastic MapReduce, Amazon SimpleDB, Amazon SQS Amazon S3 Amazon CloudFront Ashburn, VA / Dallas, TX / Los Angeles, CA / Miami, FL / Newark, NJ / Palo Alto, CA / Seattle, WA / St. Louis, MO / Amsterdam / Dublin / Frankfurt / London / Hong Kong / Tokyo US Standard US West (Northern California) Europe (Dublin) Singapore (coming soon) US East (Northern Virginia) US West (Northern California) Europe (Dublin) Singapore (coming soon)
    21. 21. How can universities benefit from cloud computing? Developing new software  Setup and tear down environment  Show a visual example Teaching  The environment is prebuilt from the AMI image, making software development really simple Cost Amazon University Grant program 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 21
    22. 22. http://Aws.Amazon.com/eduction Class Grant - $100 AWS credit for each student  University of Maryland  Harvard University Research Grants – 4x a year Student competition Startup challenge 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 22
    23. 23. Demonstration of A Headless AMI Server - Ubuntu 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 23
    24. 24. AWS Cost Structure Time based – Usage based on Hours  EC2 Transaction based - Number of hits per time-period  RDBS Size based  S3 – GB / month 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 24
    25. 25. Instants Type 1 ECU = 1.0 – 1.2 GHz Opteron/Xeon from 2007 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 25 RAM Cores x ECU Arch Hourly Cost (US-East) Monthly Cost (US-East) Standard Small 1.7 GB 1 x 1 32bit $0.085 $62 Large 7.5 GB 2 x 2 64bit $0.34 $248 Extra Large 15 GB 4 x 2 64bit $0.68 $496 High-Memory Extra Large 17.1 GB 2 x 3.25 64bit $0.50 $366 Double Extra Large 34.2 GB 4 x 3.25 64bit $1.20 $878 Quadruple Extra Large 68.4 GB 8 x 3.25 64bit $2.40 $1756 High-CPU Medium 1.7 GB 2x 2.5 32bit $0.17 $124 Extra Large 7 GB 8 x 2.5 64bit $0.68 $496
    26. 26. Standard Instances  Well suited for most applications High Memory Instances  Offer large memory sizes for high throughput applications, including database and memory caching applications High CPU Instances  Have proportionally more CPU resources than memory (RAM) and are well suited for compute-intensive applications Amazon EC2 Instance Types
    27. 27. AWS monthly cost calculator 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 27 http://calculator.s3.amazonaws.com/calc5.html
    28. 28. Tools for managing AWS Cloud Command Line Elastic Fox & S3 Fox AWS Management Console Explorers – Bucket / SimpleDB Mobile  Ylastic  DirectEC2 Etc. 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 28
    29. 29.  Billed for actual usage on monthly basis  Standard Instances  Linux/UNIX starting at $0.095 USD per hour  Windows starting at $0.13 USD per hour  High CPU Instances  Linux/UNIX starting at $0.19 USD per hour  Windows starting at $0.31 USD per hour  High Memory Instances  Linux/UNIX starting at $1.34 USD per hour  Windows starting at $1.44 USD per hour  + Data Transfer Costs  Reserved Instances  Make a low, one-time payment for each instance  Receive lower pricing for that instance Amazon EC2 Pricing (EU Region)
    30. 30. Choosing an AWS Database Solution 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 30 Amazon EC2 Relational Database AMIs Amazon Relational Database Service Amazon SimpleDB Features Choose your own database server (IBM DB2, Microsoft SQL Server, MySQL, Oracle, and more) Native access to a relational database engine, with key features of a relational database, such as joins or complex transactions Schema-less data store Administration Exert complete administrative control over your database Gain a managed experience and offload common administrative tasks, such as provisioning, backup Zero administrative overhead (automatic handling of geo-redundant replication, index creation, database tuning) Flexibility Easy migration path (existing code, tools, applications are compatible) Easy migration path (existing code, tools, applications are compatible) Easy to use web service APIs Scalability Employ many of the scalability features of Amazon EC2 Quickly scale up resources with only an API call Automatic and elastic scaling of resources to meet request load Backup Store snapshots to Amazon S3 Use automatic backup service at an interval you specify High availability (multiple copies of data for reliability and failover)
    31. 31. Trend and analysis of current market Who are players? What are they doing?  Offering  Strategy  cost 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 31
    32. 32. Who are jumping on the bandwagon?  Big Names  Amazon *  Google  IBM  Microsoft  Oracle  Salesforce *  Additional players  Facebook & Twitter (Enabler)  RightScale  Collab  Heroku  Engine Yard, … 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 32
    33. 33. Other Important Developments Loosely coupled web  REST vs. SOAP  AJAX, Flash, iPad Social Networking  Facebook  Twitter  FourSquare New Languages  Ruby-On-Rails  Python 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 33
    34. 34. The Meshup Web 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 34
    35. 35. Facebook Graph API https://graph.facebook.com/oauth/authorize? client_id=...& redirect_uri=http://www.example.com/oauth_redirect 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 35
    36. 36. Designing Applications for Reliability 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 36 Region Availability Zone Availability Zone Amazon CloudWatch Provides monitoring for AWS cloud resources. Elastic Load Balancing Automatically distributes incoming application traffic across multiple Amazon EC2 instances. Auto Scaling Automatically scales Amazon EC2 capacity up or down according to pre-defined conditions.
    37. 37. Setting up Amazon Web Services Account Pre-requisites  SSH client – Putty.exe on Windows, built-in in Mac and Linux To-do  Access Key  Secret Key  X.509 Certificate  Private Key  Public Key 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 37
    38. 38. Account Page 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 38
    39. 39. Getting AWS Access Identifiers 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 39 •Access Key •Secret Key •X.509 Certificate files (Self-signed) •Public •Private
    40. 40. Amazon WS Management Console 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 40 Allows Start / Stop / Pause a VM instance Manage Firewall ports Add S3 storage Take snapshot of volumes & VMs Create Security Group and Key Pair (Amazon use secure key to manage access to VM via SSH), This is different from X509 keys. Control Job Flow between VMs CloudFront Services (pushing data to the edge of network)
    41. 41. Contact Me Email: raygao2000@yahoo.com Facebook: http://facebook.com/raygao2009 Blog: http://raysblog.are4.us 9 Novembre, 2010 2010 IUT Cloud Computing Seminar 41

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