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  2. 2. UNIVERSAL MUSIC GROUPUniversal music group is the largest of the major labels. Founded by French media conglomerate Vivendi in 1934 Universal was originally named MCA Music Entertainment Group and later changed to Universal in 1966. On June 25, 2007, Vivendi completed its €1.63 billion ($2.4 billion) purchase of BMG Music Publishing. Universal has worked its way up to the top recording label in the world and have many subsidiary labels. They have locations all over the world; London, New York City, Santa Monica. Some of today’s biggest artists such as Akon, Amy Winehouse, Beck, Black Eyed Peas, Queens of the Stone Age and busta rhymes are signed to this label. Universal also produce television shows and films.
  3. 3. SUBSIDARY LABELS- ISLAND DEF JAM MUSICDef Jam Recordings is an American label that focuses primarily on urban rap/hip hop music. It’s owned by Universal Music Group, and operates as a part of The Island Def Jam Motown Music Group.Def Jam also operates in the UK and takes the name Def Jam UK and is operated through Mercury music group. And whilst in Japan, it is Def Jam Japan operating through Universal Sigma Music.Def Jam was created by Rick Rubin in his dorm room in Weinstein Hall at New York University and its first release was a single by his punk-rock group Hose. Russell Simmons joined Rubin shortly after they were introduced to each other by Vincent Gallo. The first single released with a Def Jam Recordings logo was T La Rock & Jazzy Jays "Its Yours." The first releases with Def Jam Recordings catalog numbers were LL Cool Js "I Need a Beat" and the Beastie Boys "Rock Hard," both in 1984.First Single Released by Def Jam: Jam has a primary audience of Boys/Girls/Males/Females aged: 15-30, and their secondary audience aims at males and females aged: 30+. Some of the major artists signed to Def Jam are:
  4. 4. SUBSIDARYLABELS- YMCMBYoung Money Entertainment is a record label founded by rapper Lil Wayne. YoungMoney, also referred to as YMCMB because it is partnered with Cash Money Billionaireswhich is distributed via Universal Republic Records. also a record label founded byrapper and step-father to Lil Wayne, Birdman. Cash Money Records is Together YMCMBis an up and coming force not to be reckoned with as it has some of the top selling artistssigned to it. Although the label has released six #1 albums: Tha Carter III, Tha Carter IV,and I Am Not a Human Being by Lil Wayne, Thank Me Later and Take Care by Drake,and Pink Friday by Nicki Minaj, Lil Wayne announced in an interview with Vibe magazinethat he has stepped down from the position of president of Young Money and handed thetitle over to Cortez Bryant. To promote their first collaboration album as a label. We AreYoung Money, was released on December 21, 2009, and Young Money artists embarkedon the Young Money Tour. Some of the artists signed to YMCMB are: NICKI MINAJ TYGA DRAKE
  5. 5. EMI MUSIC GROUPEMI music group, formed in March 1931 is a multicultural record label based inthe UK. EMI also deal with publishing and go under the name of EMI publishinggroup. EMI is a member of the RIAA & IFPI. In November 2011 Citigroupannounced a deal that had been set up to sell off pieces of the company withthe music section going to Vivendis Universal Music Group for $1.9 billion andthe publishing business going to a consortium led by Sony for around $2.2billion. Some of today’s most successful artists signed to EMI are:The Beatles Anita Baker Coldplay
  6. 6. EMI SUBSIDIARY LABELSManhattan VirginFormed in 1984 by Bruce Lundvall, Virgin record label was formed byManhattan was re-named EMIManhattan Records after absorbing EMI English entrepreneur RichardAmerica Records imprint. In 2001, the Branson, Simon Draper, and NikManhattan label was re-launched as a Powell in 1972. As it is part of thedivision of Capitol Jazz and Classics by Virgin business ranging from airlinesveteran record producer Arif Mardin. to mobile networks, Virgin music has a great deal of publicity. Capitol Capitol records was formed by songwriter Johnny Mercer in 1942. Although they stared off in Los Angeles, headquarters moved to New York City because it was part of Capitol Music Group.
  7. 7. SONY MUSICHolding the second spot in the ‘Big Four’ Song Music is one of the biggest record labels. Sony Music Entertainment is a global record label with a lot of international superstars. It was founded in 1929 and was originally names American Record Corporation. It was then re names Sony Entertainment Company in 1991, Sony then reintroduced the Columbia label worldwide, which was previously held in the United States and Canada only. In August 2004, Sony formed a business partnership with Bertelsmann by merging Sony Music and Bertelsmann Music Group (BMG) to form Sony BMG Music Entertainment. Sony also distributes electrical products and gadgets such as Laptops, Tablets and Cameras. Some of the music industries biggest artists are signed to Song BMG, they are:
  8. 8. Sony BMG Subsidiary LabelsJive ColumbiaJive was founded in 1980 by Ralph Simon and CliveCalder, although they planned on setting up the Columbia Records is an American basedrecord label mainly for producers and songwriters records label set up in 1988 and owned bythe label grew and so did the number and type of Song Music Entertainment. Columbia is theartists. Jive was mainly for hip-hop/R&B music in oldest brand name in pre-recorded sound asthe 1980’s and moved on to expanding theyre it was the first record company to producegenre to Pop and boy band in 1990. In 2011 it was pre-recorded records instead of blankannounced that Jive would be shutting down and cylinders. Columbia Records is still active toall artists were moved to RCA records. this day and focuses on a wide variety of artists from different genres.J RecordsJ Records was founded in 2000 by industry veteran Clive Daviswith $150 million in financing from BMG. Olivia was the firstartist to sign to J Records, but was dropped due to poor albumsales. In 2001, the label was on a rise with its multi-platinumrecord inaugural release, Songs in A Minor, the debut album ofAlicia Keys, which sold over 12 million copies worldwide. Thesame year, the label had another success with the platinum-selling debut album by O-Town. Not long after artists likeDAngelo, Luther Vandross, Jamie Foxx, and Monica would jointhe J roster, the latter three going on to find multi-platinumsuccess with the label. In 2005 J records announced that theywill be signing winners from the hit contestant show in America,American Idol. J Records is no longer an active record company.