VERB TO BE The verb TO BE is particulary important in English language. They correspond to the verbs “ésser” i “estar”. (El verb To be té una importància especial en anglès. Es correspon als verbs "ésser" i "estar"). I am English / Sóc anglès I am in England / Estic a Anglaterra It has some specials uses (Té alguns usos especials): - Serveix per a expressar ledat: Mary is 20 years old / Maria té 20 anys I am 21 / Jo tinc 21 anys How old are you? / Quants anys tens? - Per a expressar les sensacions (tenir). Are you hungry? / Tens fam? He is thirsty / Té sed - També per a parlar sobre el temps atmosfèric (fer) Its windy / Fa vent Its very cold / Fa molt fred PRESENT SIMPLE AFFIRMATIVE FORM NEGATIVE FORM INTERROGATIVE FORMI am (Im) I am not (Im not) am I?sóc, estic no sóc, no estic sóc jo?, estic jo?you are (youre) you are not (youre not) are you?ets, estàs no ets, no estàs ets tu?, estàs tu?he is (hes) he is not (hes not) is he?ell és, està ell no és, no està és ell?, està ell?she is (she’s) she is not (she’s not) is she?ella és, està ella no és, no està és ella? està ell?it is (it’s) it is not (it’s not) is it?això és això no és és això?we are (were) we are not (were not) are we?som, estem no som, no estem som?, estem?you are (youre) you are not (youre not) are you?sou, esteu no sou, no esteu sou?, esteu?they are (theyre) they are not (theyre not) are they?ells són, estan ells no són, no estan són, estan ells? In the Present simple, the affirmative and negative forms can be contracted while in the interrogative form does not. (En el Present, les formes afirmativa i negativa es poden contreure, mentre que en la forma interrogativa no).
EXERCISES WITH VERB TO BE1.- Chose the correct form of the verb to be - am/is/are.It ______ cold today.I ______ at home now.They __________ Korean.There __________ a pen on the desk.My name __________ Nikita.We ___________ from Ukraine.That ___________ right.I __________ OK, thanks.Clara and Steve ____________ married.She _________ an English teacher.2.- Complete the gaps with the negative forms of the verb to be.Example: She isn’t from France.This book mine.Jane and Peter married.That right.My brother here at the moment.We in England.It Monday today.Jennies surname Peters.I a hairdresser.My name Alexander.There many people in this class.
3.- Make the positive sentences in negative.Example:I am a student. I’m not a studentThis exercise is difficult.Were from Spain.My grandmothers names Adelaide.The kids are in the garden.Youre English.My car is very expensive.This is my students notebook.These photographs are very nice.Alex is twenty-five years old.Im fine.4.- Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the verb to be - am, is, are. Jane and Alice sisters? this car yours? I in your way? Maria Johns sister? you twenty-five years old? the Smiths divorced? this your new bicycle?
5.- Click on the words in the correct order to make positive sentences with the verb to be.- you hot? Are- book? this your Is- Mr. States? from Is Peters Unites the- married? they Are- right Am wrong? or I- name Is daughters Sandra? Your- and you Jenkins? Mrs. Are Mr.