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Paul in Ephesus

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  1. 1. For two years and three months, Paul had an eventful stay while in Ephesus. Here he struggled against opposition, one specific example was the conflict with the silversmiths led by Demetrius. He was imprisoned at least once, feared for his life, and wrote the the following correspondences while there: 1 Corinthians, most of 2 Corinthians, Philippians, Galatians and Philemon.
  2. 2. Theodorus's temple was 300 feet in length and 150 feet wide with an area four times the size of the previous temple. More than one hundred stone columns supported a massive roof. One unusual feature of the temple was that a number of columns had bases that were carved with figures in relief. "I have seen the walls and Hanging Gardens of ancient Babylon, the statue of Olympian Zeus, the Colossus of Rhodes, the mighty work of the high Pyramids and the tomb of Mausolus. But when I saw the temple at Ephesus rising to the clouds, all these other wonders were put in the shade." Philon of Byzantium
  3. 3. Seven Quick Facts Location: Ephesus (Present day Turkey) Built: Around 323 BC Function: Temple to Goddess Artemis Destroyed: 262 AD by Goths Size: Length 425 ft. (129m) Made of: Mostly marble Other: Largest in a series of temples to Artemis on this site. Regarded as one of the Seven Wonders of the World, the building is said to have been destroyed by a madman by the name of Herostratos who burned down the temple in order to immortalize his name.
  4. 4. Artemis is regarded as virgin, wife and mother. "The whole of nature was subject to this primitive goddess. It is by her orders that the earth brings forth fruit and flowers. She rules the elements, the air, the earth and the sea. She governs the life of the animals, she tames the wild beasts and prevents their extinction .... She assists in birth. Homer calls her "the goddess of wild animals". Great is Artemis of the Ephesians! Some say they are breasts, others that they are bulls testes which were sacrificed to her. So the true interpretation remains uncertain, we can say that each represents fertility.
  5. 5. So the city became filled with confusion, and with one accord they rushed into the theatre, taking forcibly along with them Ga´ius and Ar·is·tar´chus, Mac·e·do´ni·ans, traveling companions of Paul.
  6. 6. In the course of the excavations, which have now lasted over a century, only ten percent of the ancient city of Ephesus has been unearthed.
  7. 7. It was built in 117 A.D. It was a monumental tomb for Gaius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus, the governor of the province of Asia; from his son Galius Julius Aquila. The grave of Celsus was beneath the ground floor, across the entrance The scrolls of the manuscripts were kept in cupboards in niches on the walls. There were double walls behind the bookcases to prevent the them from the extremes of temperature and humidity. The capacity of the library was more than 12,000 scrolls. Library of Celsus
  8. 8. The most important pieces of the Ephesus Museum are Mycenean vases, statues and small decorations of the Artemis temple, Corinthian columns and column heads, tombs, altar of the Domitian temple, two statues of Artemis of Ephesus, a fresco representing Socrates. Museum of Ephesus