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For two years and three months, Paul had an
eventful stay while in Ephesus. Here he
struggled against opposition, one specific
example was the conflict with the silversmiths led
by Demetrius. He was imprisoned at least once,
feared for his life, and wrote the the following
correspondences while there: 1 Corinthians,
most of 2 Corinthians, Philippians, Galatians
Theodorus's temple was 300 feet in length and 150 feet wide with an area four times the size of the
previous temple. More than one hundred stone columns supported a massive roof. One unusual
feature of the temple was that a number of columns had bases that were carved with figures in relief.
"I have seen the walls and Hanging Gardens of ancient Babylon, the statue of Olympian Zeus, the
Colossus of Rhodes, the mighty work of the high Pyramids and the tomb of Mausolus. But when I saw the
temple at Ephesus rising to the clouds, all these other wonders were put in the shade."
Philon of Byzantium
Seven Quick Facts
Location: Ephesus (Present day
Built: Around 323 BC
Function: Temple to Goddess Artemis
Destroyed: 262 AD by Goths
Size: Length 425 ft. (129m)
Made of: Mostly marble
Other: Largest in a series of temples to
Artemis on this site.
Regarded as one of the Seven Wonders of the
World, the building is said to have been
destroyed by a madman by the name of
Herostratos who burned down the temple in
order to immortalize his name.
Artemis is regarded as virgin, wife and mother. "The
whole of nature was subject to this primitive goddess. It is
by her orders that the earth brings forth fruit and flowers.
She rules the elements, the air, the earth and the sea.
She governs the life of the animals, she tames the wild
beasts and prevents their extinction .... She assists in
birth. Homer calls her "the goddess of wild animals".
Great is Artemis of the
Some say they are
breasts, others that
they are bulls testes
which were sacrificed
to her. So the true
uncertain, we can say
that each represents
So the city became filled with confusion, and with one accord they rushed
into the theatre, taking forcibly along with them Ga´ius and Ar·is·tar´chus,
Mac·e·do´ni·ans, traveling companions of Paul.
In the course of the excavations, which have
now lasted over a century, only ten percent
of the ancient city of Ephesus has been
It was built in 117 A.D. It was a monumental tomb for Gaius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus, the
governor of the province of Asia; from his son Galius Julius Aquila. The grave of Celsus
was beneath the ground floor, across the entrance
The scrolls of the manuscripts were kept in cupboards in niches on the walls. There were double
walls behind the bookcases to prevent the them from the extremes of temperature and humidity.
The capacity of the library was more than 12,000 scrolls.
Library of Celsus
The most important pieces of the Ephesus Museum are Mycenean vases, statues and small
decorations of the Artemis temple, Corinthian columns and column heads, tombs, altar of the
Domitian temple, two statues of Artemis of Ephesus, a fresco representing Socrates.