I will discuss with you today a comparison of historical versus current instructional design strategies utilized in the manufacturing industryI will cover information on several of the pioneers who influenced the development and design of instructional methods.
Here are some of the key pioneers.Frederick W. Taylor, Taylor’s theories were termed “Taylorism”. American mechanical engineer who sought to improve industrial efficiency. ... the father of scientific management, was born on March 20, 1865,- 1915 Frederick Taylor failed to recognize that workers also have social needs, participation in decision... Taylors goal was to take this knowledge of work from the worker and put it the hands of management...
A comparison of historical vs current instructional design
A Comparison of Historical vs Current Instructional Design Strategies Utilized in the Manufacturing Industry Robert F. Brown Clemson UniversityCourseID: HRD 847Eileen Newmark, Ph.D
A comparison of Historical vs Current Instructional Design Strategies Utilized in the Manufacturing Environment Technological Methods that have impacted human performance can be traced back to the 1900’s. Pioneers of Research • Frederick W. Taylor 1900’s • Sidney Pressey 1920’s • B.F. Skinner 1950’s • W.E. Deming 1960’s
Frederick W. Taylor “Taylorism” Timed basic work actions Developed programmed task instruction cards Recommended factory planning departments Advocated that jobs should be broken down into simple jobs with separate steps Created environments with minimal complexity, but optimal efficiency
Sidney Pressey Created a device that anticipated the first modern teaching machine. The machine would present multiple choice questions that would advance if the student got the correct answer Pressey’s machine also had the ability to self score, set goal scores, and offer candy as a reward for meeting the testing goals
B.F. SkinnerAKA: Buhruss Fredric Skinner Introduced the idea that behavior is determined by its consequences Developed principles of computer based self instruction Major contributor to the field of Instructional Design as a result of his research and developments in applied human learning through programmed instruction
W.E. DemingAKA: William Edwards Deming Developed the theory of TQM Utilized instructional design strategies to embrace Quality Control Methods Instructional strategies focused on the design as well as on the process of applied human learning innovations
So What?Research FindingsInstructional Design Methods have impacted product design, applied learning innovations, and the state of the labor force in the U.S. since the 1900’sFew changes were found in the approach to applied human performance and learning techniques since TaylorismInstead, applied learning has evolved through progressive research via the pioneers of educational technology and applied human learning into the concept of Instructional Design
Future TrendsResearch has identified six trends relating to the future of Instructional Design Methods(1) Inclusion of diverse culture perspective(2) The development of rapid adaptive instructional design and evaluation systems(3) Growth of on-line, on-demand access to information, performance support and training(4) The emergence of content rich and methodologically robust distance training and information networks(5) Instructional materials customized to the user(6) Increased personal responsibilities of the instructional designers
“When we are no longer able to change a situation, we arechallenged to change ourselves.” ~Victor Frankl Questions??