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Assignment 14 photography research and practice


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Assignment 14 photography research and practice

  1. 1. Assignment 14 Photography Research and PracticeKaya RahelGledis Joanne
  2. 2. Who is doing each part of the Presentation… Person 1 Person 2 Person 3 Person 4 Kaya Rahel Joanne Gledis Lighting  Lighting - Key –  Lighting – fill (how  Lighting – (overexposure/ high/low to fill) reflecting underexposure /good exposure)  Shutter speed –  Shutter speed –  Shutter speed – what is it? fast & slow motion blur (type 1  & 2) diffusing  Transferring  Shallow focus photos to computer  Transferring Deep focus photos to computer  Composition –rule  Composition – Composition – of thirds/power- changing  Composition - leading lines points angle/perspective framing
  3. 3. Photography Basics – Lighting: Over ExposureExplanation Example Image My ImagesOver exposure inlighting isbasically allowingtoo much light ona photoconsequentlyrinsing it ofcolours anddetailed featuresin a photo.This can happenfrom natural andflash light
  4. 4. Photography Basics – Lighting: Under ExposureExplanation Example Image My ImagesUnder exposureis taking a picturewhen yoursurroundingshave no naturalmore flash lightthus producing adark photo whichcasts a shadow ordarkness on thewhole photo –again rinsing ofcolours and facialfeatures
  5. 5. Photography Basics – Lighting: Good ExposureExplanation Example Image My ImagesGood exposure ishaving theperfect balanceof colour, lightexposure andshadow to whicha photo appearscrisp andportrays featuresand aspects inthe photoapparent to itsreal life form.Perfect balanceof light andshadow
  6. 6. Photography Basics – Lighting: Diffusing/DiffusersExamples of different diffusers/ ways of diffusingHolding a white paper over Putting bottle bottom the flash over flash This is my diffuser – used to take pictures of small objects, rather than outside or Holding a white screen people as its an enclose cube- Using white reflective where the flash is like shape umbrellas flashing
  7. 7. Photography Basics – Lighting: Diffusing/Diffusers Explanation Example Image My ImagesDiffusers arebasically used tomake imagesappear softer fromthe direct flashlight on a camera.Diffusers basically DIFFUSED BEFOREreflect light thusenforcing lighterlight onto thepicture taken –also producing amore natural andappealing image. DIFFUSED BEFORE
  8. 8. Photography Basics – Deep FocusExplanation Example Image My ImagesDeep focus is aphotographic andcinematictechnique whichuses a largedepth of fieldallowingeverything in aframe to becaptured in Everything in Poor focus ofdetailed. everything in shot is focused shotIt appears sharpand clear
  9. 9. Photography Basics – Leading LinesExplanation Example Image My ImagesLeading lines areintentional orunintentional,natural linescreated in thephotograph usedto create a visualcomposition.Leading lines arealso used to drawyour eye to a Photo with Normal shot offocal point in the leading lines roadshot that youwould like tohighlight.
  10. 10. Lighting – High KeyWhat is high key lighting?• reduces the lighting ratio present in the scene• High key photos are very bright• Doesn’t have very strong contrasts
  11. 11. Lighting – High KeyExamples
  12. 12. Lighting – Low KeyWhat is low key lighting?• Creates dark looking photographs• Low-key lighting often uses only one key light, optionally controlled with a fill light or a simple reflector• Creates strong contrast• Low key lighting describes any scene with a high lighting ratio,
  13. 13. Lighting – Low KeyExamples
  14. 14. Shutter speed – what is it?• It’s the exposure time - the length of time a cameras shutter is open• It is how quickly a shutter opens
  15. 15. Shallow focusWhat is shallow focus?• When the main object or person is in focus and the background is blurry• Incorporates a small depth of field
  16. 16. Shallow focusExamples
  17. 17. Composition – rule of thirds/powerpointsRule of thirds• It is the theory that an image should be imagined as divided into nine equal parts by two equally-spaced horizontal lines and two equally-spaced vertical lines• Also the idea that important compositional elements should be placed along these lines or their intersections• Purpose is to make photographs look more pleasant to view
  18. 18. Composition – rule of thirds/powerpointsPowerpoints• Similar to rule of thirds• its the 4 axis points where the horizontal and vertical lines join.• The theory is that objects positioned in the powerpoints create the finest composition
  19. 19. Composition – rule of thirds/powerpointsExamples
  20. 20. Lighting - Fill Fill lighting is used fill in any shady or dark areas by placingUsed to give a more clearer roundedphotograph
  21. 21. Lighting – Fill (Found Images) Without Fill Lighting With Fill Lighting• Only one direct light on the persons •Fill lighting used to highlight andface show all features and details in the• Making the rest of the image dark image giving even and enough lightand features cannot be seen for all to be seen
  22. 22. Lighting – Fill (Found Images) Without Fill Lighting With Fill Lighting•Without the whole face is not •With fill lighting features arevisible visible and clear to see
  23. 23. Shutter Speed – Fast & Slow Shutter speed determines the clarity and effect of an image taken...Slow Shutter speed Mid-Shutter Speed Fast Shutter Speed•The longer the shutter is •The shutter is open for a •The shutter is open foropen the more it will take shorter period of time less an a split secondin •Being able to capture •Capturing a clear image•Producing a blurry image movement a bit more of an moving object orand an object or thing is in clearer thingmotion
  24. 24. Shutter Speed – Fast & Slow (Found Image)With fast shutter speed its more With slow shutter speed all youclear as the shutter has been open see is a blur as the shutter hasfor a very short period of time taken in so much informationtaking less information
  25. 25. Transferring Photos To Computer Their are many ways to Transfer images to your computer, some of which are... iCloud SD Card Social Media If the image is taken from your phone there are different options to send to your computerUsing iCloud an online storage An SD card holding all yourservice you can send the image photos can be taken and electronically inserted into an SD slot on your computer/laptop
  26. 26. Composition – Changing Angle/Perspective Changing angle is using different position and angles to give different views/perspective of an otherwise normal settingThis makes images more interesting andeye catching to the viewer
  27. 27. Composition – Changing Angle/Perspective (Found Images)This angle give the image more life and This image taken from the ground up give the looks exciting and a rush building more height and more eye catching
  28. 28. Composition – Changing Angle/Perspective (My Image) This image taken from above gives a more interesting view than what would have been if on the ground
  29. 29. What does reflecting light mean?• Reflection is defined as the bouncing back of a ray of light into the same medium, when it strikes a surface.• It occurs on almost all surfaces - some reflect a major fraction of the incident light.• Others reflect only a part of it, while absorb the rest.
  30. 30. A found example• There is a dark shadow on her • There is much more light on the neck neck caused by her chin. now because its being reflected. Without Reflector With Reflector
  31. 31. A found example• Dark shadow on her face and body caused by object from • The colour of her top is much darker due to lack of light. above blocking light. • With a reflector the top becomes lighter. • The light reflecting is filling the dark areas of the previous photo. Without Reflector With Reflector
  32. 32. my exampleHow I used a home-made light reflector:• I took a laminated piece of paper.• I wrapped the paper in tinfoil.• I then held the paper up next to the subject.• The tinfoil reflected the light in the room onto the subject.
  33. 33. Reflector : my example - BeforeWithout Reflector • As there was no reflector used a shadow was created where the light from above couldn’t reach.
  34. 34. Reflector : my example - AfterWith Reflector • In order to reduce the shadow on the side of the object I used a reflector to reflect the light on the side that was not hit directly by the light.
  35. 35. Shutter speed- motion blur definition The artefact by which fast-moving objects appear blurred. Each frame in a conventional film is an average sample taken over about half the time it takes to record the frame. In consequence, fast-moving images appear blurred.• Type 1: • Type 2:If the subject of your photo is not When the subject in the photo is moving it then becomes blurredmoving, or you want to show the and the background stayspassage of time (with a running river the same.or waterfall), then you can use aslower shutter speed.
  36. 36. A found example • When the shutter speed increases you can almost see the pear in motion. • The movement is made visible within a a still photograph. • This is done through the blurring of the image.
  37. 37. A found exampleFast Shutter Speed: • Each water droplet is made visible to the human eye.
  38. 38. Motion Blur - my example Type 1:• Because the person is in motion they have become so blurred • The background is out that they are not as blurred hardly visible. because the camera is not moving along with the person.
  39. 39. Motion Blur - my exampleType 2: When the camera follows the moving person the background becomes blurred and they are much more visible.
  40. 40. Motion Blur - my exampleSlow Shutter Speed: • With a slow shutter speed the camera is only able to capture a limited amount of movement thus reducing a blur in the image.
  41. 41. Motion Blur - my exampleFast Shutter Speed: • When the shutter speed time is decreased to 0.5 seconds the image becomes blurry as the camera is picking up every movement.
  42. 42. Transferring Photos to computer Examples: Cables Bluetooth Email Once your Bluetooth is on Attaching a file from you you can click on the found ‘Photos’ folder when devices and send your composing an email. images to the device.Connecting a cable with your camera or device and your computer.
  43. 43. Composition – Framing definition• Framing is using objects in the picture to create a frame around the subject.• Good framing can also be controlled by how the camera captures the subject. E.g. zooming out too much creates awkward spacing and therefore poor framing.• This is a good way to make a photograph look interesting and draw attention to the subject.
  44. 44. A found exampleBad Framing • Far too much empty space makes the picture appear awkward an not appealing to the eye. • The head of this person has been cut off due to poor framing.
  45. 45. A found exampleGood Framing • The people are in the centre of the frame which stops anything being cut off e.g. their heads or arms.
  46. 46. my exampleBad Framing • Empty and awkward• Because the framing is so spacing. poor, the eye is unable to focus on anything in the scenery.• This makes the photo unappealing to look at despite the setting.
  47. 47. my exampleGood Framing• The flowers are placed exactly in the centre of • Because they are in the frame. the centre the photo is more attractive and appealing as this makes it easier for the eye to focus on the object.
  48. 48. my example - Before • Empty and awkward • The edge of spacing. the picture is cut off.• The poor framing doesn’t allow the eye to comfortably focus on the object.
  49. 49. my example - After• The picture is now in the centre of the frame allowing you to focus on it.• There is no awkward space to take away focus.
  50. 50. Who is doing each part of the Presentation… Person 1 Person 2 Person 3 Person 4 Kaya Gledis Joanne Rahel Opening & photo  Crop  Brushes  Brushes undo (repair, red eye,  (lighten, darken, saturate, sharpen, soften)  Rotate desaturation) Removing effect/revert  Sharing  Channing colour  Naming/tagging Changing exposure  Effects Auto enhance
  51. 51. Basic Photo Editing – Opening PhotoWhen you open iPhoto you can pick ways youwant to open your photo. This is a ‘Photos’example where all pictures come up at once This is an example of ‘Albums’ Here you tap (or click) on the photo you want and then the screen moves to the basic editing choices
  52. 52. Basic Photo Editing – Photo Undo & Remove Effect PHOTO UNDO This little arrow symbol undo’s any mistakes or effects you want to take off your photo bringing it to its previous state – undoing one effect at a time REMOVING EFFECT When you put on an effect – you simply tap the wheel icon and the red bar write ‘remove effect’ Doing this, the effect is removed putting the image back to its previous state
  53. 53. Basic Photo Editing – Changing Exposure To change exposure you tap on this symbol Then here it shows the key from brightness to darkness – hold either the right or left semi-circle icon to alter the exposure Here you can also increase shadow
  54. 54. Basic Photo Editing – Changing Exposure Having both semi-circle iconsHaving both semi-circle icons at the centre of the lineat each end of the line creates creates over exposure on thedeep exposure on the picture picture
  55. 55. Basic Photo Editing – Auto Enhance Auto enhance enriches colour on your picture to the way the computer thinks it should be – making the picture more appealing Tapping on the wand icon automatically does this To this
  56. 56. Description / Purpose – CropBefore 1. To crop a photo you click on the crop icon After 2. You then pinch the screen and push your fingers outwards to crop the image.
  57. 57. Description / Purpose – Rotate • To rotate the image means to turn it in a certain direction. • Either left or right. • This is done through the rotate tool. • In order to rotate an image you push his icon with your finger in the direction you wish to rotate it.
  58. 58. Rotate – Before and afterMy Examples: After Before
  59. 59. Description / Purpose – Colour Change • To change the colour of the image you push your finger along the icon to how much you which to alter the colour.
  60. 60. Colour change – Before and afterMy Examples: Before After • To achieve this colour I simply slid the ‘Saturation’ icon all the way to the end which intensified all the colours.
  61. 61. Description / Purpose – effects• In order to change the effects of the photo you touch the icon with the stars and it gives you different options for different effects.
  62. 62. Description / Purpose – effects • When you click on the circular rainbow icon the different effects slide out in a row.
  63. 63. Changing the effectsMy Examples: Before• To change the effects on my photo I clicked on one of the available effects options and it altered the image. After
  64. 64. Changing the effectsMy Examples: Before• To change the effects on my photo I clicked on one of the available effects options and it altered the image. After
  65. 65. Brushes
  66. 66. Brushes - Repair The repair wand automatically fixes any defects in the photo from lighting to red eyes
  67. 67. Brushes - RepairBy using Repair it will automatically find the defects in theimage and fix them such as, lighting, red eye. Eliminatingthe task of you doing it yourself
  68. 68. Brushes – Red EyeThe Red Eye brush allows you to fix red eyewhich come from the over exposure of light fromthe flash
  69. 69. Brushes – Red EyeThis is the original uneditedimage with faults and visible This is after the Red Eye brush hasred eye due to the amount of totally removed any sign of Red Eyelike exposure
  70. 70. Brushes - Saturate
  71. 71. Brushes - SaturateThis is the original image unedited Saturate give the image an orange tinge enabling you to highlight and contour an image
  72. 72. Brushes - Desaturation
  73. 73. Brushes - DesaturationThis is the original image unedited Desaturation allows you to blur any defects or areas that you would wish to hide, over using it gives a blurry effect
  74. 74. Naming/Tagging This allows you to tag a photo with any name you with and this will place it into categories
  75. 75. Naming/TaggingTagging allows you to put the photo After tagging you can see the differentinto categories and in more than categories which makes the imagesone easier to find and share
  76. 76. Brushes - LightenBEFORE AFTER The lighten brush makes the picture look a lot more glowing and makes it more clearer to see
  77. 77. Brushes - DarkenBEFORE AFTER After pressing this darkening brush, the picture is a lot dimmer
  78. 78. Brushes - SharpenBEFORE AFTER The sharpen brush gives the picture a lot more definition as you can really see the texture of the chairs etc
  79. 79. Brushes - SoftenBEFORE AFTER The soften brush made the picture a lot more soft
  80. 80. Sharing When you have completed editing you can share your photo meaning that the photo will be shared on Twitter, Facebook etcEmail Twitter iMovie Facebook