Political Parties
GOVT 2306
Chapter 4
Party Structure
 Political Parties – a combination of people and interests
whose primary purpose is to gain control of go...
Party Structure
Party Structure
 Temporary Party Organization
 Conventions and primaries conducted by the parties
 Precinct Conventions...
Precinct Level
McLennan County Precinct Map
Party Structure
 Temporary Party Organization
 County and District Conventions
 Delegates and alternates selected at th...
County/District Level
Party Structure
 Temporary Party Organization
 State Conventions
 In June of even-numbered years, each Texas political ...
State Level
Party Structure
 Temporary Party Organization
 Selection of National Convention Delegates
 Selection depends on their s...
Party Structure
 Temporary Party Organization
 Democratic Selection
 Texas Democrats combine the two delegate-selection...
Party Structure
 Temporary Party Organization
 Democratic Selection
 In 2008, Texas sent 192 pledged delegates and 34 u...
Check my SlideShare page
(rfair07) for more lectures
Lectures posted for:
 United States History before 1877 / after 187...
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Govt 2306 ch_4

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Texas Government (GOVT 2306) -- Political Parties

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Govt 2306 ch_4

  1. 1. Political Parties GOVT 2306 Chapter 4
  2. 2. Party Structure  Political Parties – a combination of people and interests whose primary purpose is to gain control of government by winning elections  Organization  The major two parties are organized at the: national, state, county, and precinct levels  Each majority party is loosely organized  Gives the states and local party organizations opportunity to decide their positions on party issues  The Texas Election Code mandates that the two major parties are similar in structure
  3. 3. Party Structure
  4. 4. Party Structure  Temporary Party Organization  Conventions and primaries conducted by the parties  Precinct Conventions – open to members of the party who have voted earlier in the day at the first primary or in early voting  Occur every even-numbered year on the first Tuesday in March  Usually are held 30 minutes to 2 hours after the polls close that evening  Delegates and alternates are selected to attend the next higher party convention with resolutions to consider for the party platform
  5. 5. Precinct Level
  6. 6. McLennan County Precinct Map
  7. 7. Party Structure  Temporary Party Organization  County and District Conventions  Delegates and alternates selected at the precinct level meet at the county or district convention  (If there is more than one senatorial district in the county, there will be a separate convention for each district)  Counties such as Harris, Dallas, and Bexar are good examples  State law requires that both conventions occur the 3rd Saturday after the precinct conventions  Typically, 11 days after the primary election  At this convention, delegates and alternates are selected to attend the state convention, taking the approved resolutions with them
  8. 8. County/District Level
  9. 9. Party Structure  Temporary Party Organization  State Conventions  In June of even-numbered years, each Texas political party must hold a biennial state convention  At the convention, delegates: select the state party chair, vice chair, and members of the state executive committee  They also draft a party platform and recognize nominees selected in the primary elections  If it is a presidential year, state convention delegates also select delegates and alternates to attend the national convention and potential members of the Electoral College  In the 2008 election, Texas was allowed 34 electoral votes (equal to the number of members in U.S. Congress – 2 Senators and 32 Reps.)
  10. 10. State Level
  11. 11. Party Structure  Temporary Party Organization  Selection of National Convention Delegates  Selection depends on their support for particular candidates for the party’s presidential nomination  Candidate selection is done either by primary or caucus  In a primary, rank-and-file party members can vote directly for the presidential candidates of their choice  Primary voting is done at the precinct level  In a caucus, party members choose national convention delegates who either pledge to support a particular presidential candidate or remain uncommitted  Caucus – selection of candidates by an informal committee of party leaders
  12. 12. Party Structure  Temporary Party Organization  Democratic Selection  Texas Democrats combine the two delegate-selection plans in a primary-caucus in a process known as the “Texas Two-Step”  Presidential candidates are awarded delegates to local and state conventions in proportion to the number of their supporters in attendance  National delegates include those selected by state senatorial district, those selected on an at-large basis, and superdelegates  Superdelegate - Unpledged party official or elected official who serves as a delegate to a party’s national convention
  13. 13. Party Structure  Temporary Party Organization  Democratic Selection  In 2008, Texas sent 192 pledged delegates and 34 unpledged “superdelegates”  98 for Obama, 94 for Clinton  The “Texas Two-Step” has become rather controversial in recent years  Essentially, Democrats have to “vote twice” for their candidates  Once at the primary and once again at the caucus  2008 - Roughly 2.9 million voted at the primary level; less than 1/3 (roughly 1 million) voted at the caucus
  14. 14. Check my SlideShare page (rfair07) for more lectures Lectures posted for:  United States History before 1877 / after 1877  Texas History  United States (Federal) Government / Texas Government  Slide 14 of 32  To download a full copy of this PowerPoint presentation, please go to: https://gumroad.com/l/sxBUy   If you would like a copy of all the Texas Government lectures posted in PDF format, please check out at:https://gumroad.com/l/GXhg 

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