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Ty Rey 2007 04 12 Community Service Orientation3


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Ty Rey 2007 04 12 Community Service Orientation3

  1. 1. Community Service Orientation Rey Ty
  2. 2. Correct Terms <ul><li>African American </li></ul><ul><li>Blacks (all colors): be sensitive </li></ul><ul><li>European American </li></ul><ul><li>Native American </li></ul>
  3. 3. Words Not To Us <ul><li>“N” word </li></ul><ul><li>“H” word </li></ul><ul><li>“B” word </li></ul><ul><li>“O” word: Oriental </li></ul>
  4. 4. Issues <ul><li>Student Leaders of the Day </li></ul><ul><li>Thank previous day’s leaders of the day </li></ul><ul><li>No critical writing exercises online yet </li></ul><ul><li>Few asked questions at CBS: please ask questions </li></ul><ul><li>Contextualize </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t be too detailed (geography): people will not understand & get more confused </li></ul><ul><li>Better say, for example, southwestern tip of the Philippines, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>After saying Lumad, say it’s “indigenous people”; Mindanao, “southern Philippines”; Tausug, an ethnic group where the people are mostly Sunni Muslim </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t judge: but ask questions </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t impose your own standards on others </li></ul><ul><li>“ Black” is a matter of identity </li></ul><ul><li>African: not the same as African American </li></ul><ul><li>Black Men < Black Women in College </li></ul>
  5. 5. Lecture Notes <ul><li>All lecture notes are in the training manual, except for lecturers who did not submit anything </li></ul>
  6. 6. Program Objectives <ul><li>Training Manual pp. 14-15 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Six Dimensions of Peace, University for Peace, United Nations, p. 57 <ul><li>1. Structural & economic violence </li></ul><ul><li>2. Revolutionary violence or war </li></ul><ul><li>3. Criminal Violence </li></ul><ul><li>4. State violence, repression, & Human Rights (violation) </li></ul><ul><li>5. Inter-cultural solidarity (equality, discrimination) </li></ul><ul><li>6. Environment </li></ul><ul><li>7. Individual peace </li></ul>
  8. 8. In any culture, there are <ul><li>Polite People </li></ul><ul><li>Rude People </li></ul>
  9. 9. Community Service, pp. 61-63 <ul><li>I. Goal Setting: Why engage in service learning? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Service Learning Session </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A teaching and learning approach that integrates volunteer community service with academic study to enrich learning, teach civic responsibility, and strengthening community (National Commission on Service Learning) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. B. Sample Community Partners <ul><li>Oak Crest Retirement Center </li></ul><ul><li>Rochelle Hi </li></ul><ul><li>Kish </li></ul><ul><li>DeKalb Hi </li></ul><ul><li>NIU </li></ul>
  11. 11. C. Program Objectives <ul><li>To engage in inter-ethnic and multicultural dialogue (not bonding, but bridging; do not self-segregate yourselves) </li></ul><ul><li>To develop a cadre of future leaders working toward lasting peace (leadership training though service learning) </li></ul><ul><li>To promote a better understanding of the US (people, culture, values, and civic institutions) </li></ul>
  12. 12. D. Specific Objectives <ul><li>To sharpen your skills in conflict resolution and management, inter-ethnic cooperation and tolerance, leadership, coalition-building, & community activism </li></ul><ul><li>To enhance the participants’ appreciation of their similarities and differences through various interactive activities that will serve as avenues for open dialogues </li></ul><ul><li>To provide participants with tools for working collaboratively across ethnic and religious lines </li></ul><ul><li>To develop in the participants an appreciation of the cultural, religious, and ethnic diversity of Midwest America </li></ul>
  13. 13. E. Service Outcomes <ul><li>Learning Outcomes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active learning through meaningful work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding of socio-economic issues affecting the community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuing reciprocal communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical reflection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Democracy Outcomes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced citizenship involvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased understanding of issues related to diversity, ethnicity, social justice, and socio-economic tensions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural awareness and breaking stereotypes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil participation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Process Outcomes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Active involvement in community service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mutual respect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caring for others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interaction with homeless and senior citizens for which participants will normally will not have the chance </li></ul>
  14. 14. Three Views of Citizenship <ul><li>1. Personally responsible citizen </li></ul><ul><li>2. Participatory citizen </li></ul><ul><li>3. Justice-oriented citizen </li></ul><ul><li>1. donate canned goods </li></ul><ul><li>2. help organize food drive </li></ul><ul><li>3. work toward the elimination of hunger </li></ul>
  15. 15. Citizenship Commitments <ul><li>1. “Thin” Commitment </li></ul><ul><li>2. “Thick” Commitment </li></ul><ul><li>1. charity-oriented church; surface; patronizing; perpetuate inequality </li></ul><ul><li>2. deeper commitment; social justice & social change-oriented church </li></ul>
  16. 16. II. Preparation Component <ul><li>A. Understanding the Service Learning Process </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies : Pre-Service Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophy of Service Learning: Scholarship of engagement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Volunteer community work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connections: Linking theory with practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem Solving, critical reflection and critical social action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal transformation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpersonal development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skills in Collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social transformation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Socio-Economic-Cultural Context </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding the community and its needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Filling community needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social justice issues: inclusion and structures of inequality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Placements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oak Crest Retirement Center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic Institutions </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. B. Linking Theory with Practice <ul><li>Content : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Checklist of key concepts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Matching what you have learned doing community work with the key concepts you have learned in the classroom. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepare your checklist of key concepts you learn. Five-minute writing exercise. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical reflection & writing: Have an e-Journal entry that shows the linkage between the concepts learned (theory) with the knowledge, skills and values you gain from the community work (practice) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. C. Reflecting on the Experience <ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Answer the following questions: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What did you learn? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do you feel? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>So what? (critique & interpretation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Now what? (what you will do to have a social impact) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Journals and Critical Reflection Papers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflection Discussion Sessions </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. D. Cultivating Reciprocity by Understanding Yourself <ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Answer the following questions: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are your social identities? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assets? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivations? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expectations? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-Inventory. Write them down. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. E. Cultivating Reciprocity by Understanding the Community <ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The agency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People with whom you will work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The neighborhood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Assets Challenges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>History with NIU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service Tasks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to be Responsive to the Community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reciprocity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-Service Orientation. Take notes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Match your “self-awareness” inventory with the needs of the community you are serving. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. III. Placement <ul><li>Extent to which you are challenged </li></ul><ul><li>Active (not passive) observer </li></ul><ul><li>Engage in a variety of tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Positive contribution </li></ul><ul><li>Take some responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Inputs from the community partners </li></ul>
  22. 22. IV. Conduct of Service Learning <ul><li>Your community service is not about you: it’s about the community —the organizational partners and the beneficiaries. Keep that in mind. Don’t think of yourself as superior to them. </li></ul><ul><li>In general, practice mutual respect . Be sensitive. Don’t be rude. Don’t be disruptive. Don’t proselytize. Don’t make derogatory remarks (racist, homophobic, anti-women, etc.). Don’t condescend. For instance, don’t say: “That’s only for undergraduate students.” Don’t say: “I’m teaching,” esp. when it’s out of context. Don’t patronize . For instance, don’t say: “I’m doing this for the undergraduate students. They need my help. I’m helping them.” You will see for yourself that old age (hunger and homelessness, etc.) is not abstract but real social issue. Your service learning puts a human face to social issues. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Do not self-segregate yourselves . Leave your pride at the door. Remember that first and foremost you are a in pluri-ethnic coalition engaged in social action to provide voluntary community service. Do not socialize and have fun just among yourselves (the “in-group”), such as by wearing disposable gloves, giggling, laughing, and taking funny pictures. You are there to show that you care and will provide caring services. Do not take photos of beneficiaries without their consent. Care from a belief in and feeling of connection to the others. Develop relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t be an outside voyeur looking in. Rather, be a collaborator . “Trade places” and try to think as though you were in their shoes. See yourself as the others in order to break the separation between the server and the served. </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Link with community members. Talk with the service providers and the beneficiaries. Get emails of people you have met with whom you feel comfortable to communicate. </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize differences but do not act or think that you are superior. Do not treat, look at, or talk to them as “the others.” Do not stereotype “the others.” Honor uniqueness. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Recognize similarities but do not assume too much sameness as to forget stark socio-economic-political-cultural differences. For instance, don’t think that “we are all basically similar, except that they don’t have homes.” Try to understand the underlying historical, economic, political, ethnic, gender, and cultural causes of homelessness. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Don’t judge the collaborating partners and the beneficiaries. For instance, don’t impose your cultural biases and judge that the American senior citizens are lonely because they live alone. There are different ways of experiencing how to be happy in different societies in different points in time. </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate social justice issues in your service learning. Don’t call what you did as neutral and “good work.” Call oppression as oppression and work for social justice. If we cannot name oppression “oppression,” then we ourselves are involved in perpetuating it. </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize that there is a power imbalance . The servers are powerful and the served as disadvantaged. Cultivate respect . </li></ul>
  27. 27. V. Post-Service Activities <ul><li>The requesting partners (participants) could give tokens of appreciation . If possible, bring them along and give to the participating partner organizations upon leaving the premises. In that way, there will be no problems later regarding how to send your tokens to them. </li></ul><ul><li>Engage in critical reflection . In five minutes, write down what you have learned. Review the program objectives in terms of knowledge, skills and values that you are expected to learn. Match theory with practice. Your critical reflection paper is part of your journal entry for the day. Remember the principles of good writing vs. bad writing. </li></ul><ul><li>Critical reflection and plenary discussions. Exchange papers, read, and discuss . Personal transformation? Implications for social transformation? </li></ul><ul><li>Write a thank-you letter or email explaining what you have learned (not what you have done to help them). Do not give a critique. Send a personalized, home-made (not computer generated or printed) thank-you card. </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>VI. Some Ideas for Your Mainstream or Alternative Project Plans for Implementation upon Returning to Your Own Community after the Program Ends: Charity Work or Social Change? </li></ul>
  29. 29. VI. Some Ideas for Your Mainstream or Alternative Project Plans for Implementation upon Returning to Your Own Community after the Program Ends: Charity Work or Social Change?
  30. 30. Don’t Rock the Boat: Charity Work <ul><ul><li>Donate canned goods and old clothes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide meals for the poor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide dinner once a week at a shelter for street children or orphans. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volunteer as a clerk for a fund-raising dinner. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Donate your blood. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tutor a poor student enrolled in a public school. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give money to an organization with which you share a common cause (interfaith dialogue, land reform, indigenous peoples’ rights) </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Rock the Boat: Policy Reform or Social Reform <ul><ul><li>Join a protest action about an important social issue (work toward the elimination of hunger). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Write a letter to a congressional leader about certain policies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Join a non-profit non-governmental organization that works for social change. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Walk, ride a bicycle or take public transportation all the time to maintain good health, to save nonrenewable energy resources and to keep the environment clean. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organize your friends to work for a cause (environment, women’s rights, affordable housing). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talk to a friend about a social issue of importance to you (racism, poverty, and social change). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vote. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Run for public office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Money is important but think beyond profits alone by choosing a profession that makes a difference. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a micro-lending project for low-income teenagers to start small businesses. </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Salamat!