Reyty State Civil Society Hr In Se Asia

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Reyty State Civil Society Hr In Se Asia

  1. 1. THE STATE, CIVIL SOCIETY, & HUMAN RIGHTS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA Rey Ty
  2. 23. CORRUPTION & JUSTICE
  3. 32. FORCED LABOR <ul><li>BURMA </li></ul><ul><li>VIETNAM </li></ul>
  4. 36. DISAPPEARANCES & SUMMARY EXECUTION 1995 <ul><li>INDONESIA & EAST TIMOR </li></ul><ul><li>PHILIPPINES </li></ul>
  5. 37. PRISONERS OF CONSCIENCE & POLITICAL PRISONERS 1995 <ul><li>INDONESIA & EAST TIMOR (UNFAIR TRIAL) </li></ul><ul><li>PHILIPPINES </li></ul><ul><li>BURMA (UNFAIR TRIAL) </li></ul><ul><li>MALAYSIA (DETENTION W/O TRIAL) </li></ul>
  6. 38. ILL-TREAMENT, INHUMAN PRISON CONDITIONS, TORTURE & RAPE 1995 <ul><li>CAMBODIA </li></ul><ul><li>INDONESIA & EAST TIMOR </li></ul><ul><li>PHILIPPINES </li></ul><ul><li>BURMA (DEATH IN CUSTODY DUE TO TORTURE) </li></ul>
  7. 39. EXECUTIONS 1995 <ul><li>SINGAPORE (MORE THAN 50) </li></ul><ul><li>INDONESIA & EAST TIMOR </li></ul><ul><li>MALAYSIA </li></ul><ul><li>VIETNAM </li></ul>
  8. 40. ABUSES BY ARMED OPPOSITION GROUPS 1995 <ul><li>CAMBODIA </li></ul><ul><li>PHILIPPINES (ABU SAYYAF GROUP) </li></ul><ul><li>HOSTAGE TAKING </li></ul><ul><li>TORTURE </li></ul><ul><li>ARBITRARY KILLINGS </li></ul>
  9. 42. BURMA/MYANMAR: STATE PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL (SPDC)
  10. 43. BURMA’S SENIOR GENERAL THAN SHWE: SPDC CHAIR, PM, COMMANDER IN CHIEF, SLORC CHAIR
  11. 44. GEN. KHIN NYUNT SPDC SECRETARY, INTELLIGENCE HEAD
  12. 45. GEN. MAUNG AYE SPDC VICE-CHAIR
  13. 46. GEN. TIN OO SPDC SECRETARY
  14. 47. U HOHN GYAW SPDC FOREIGN MINISTER
  15. 48. BURMA <ul><li>MILITARY RULE </li></ul><ul><li>INTERNAL STRIFE </li></ul><ul><li>ETHNIC CONFLICTS </li></ul><ul><li>ARMED REVOLUTION </li></ul>
  16. 49. BURMA <ul><li>ASEAN’s “CONSTRUCTIVE ENGAGEMENT” DESPITE 1,000 ARRESTS 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>1996: FORCED LABOR </li></ul><ul><li>1997: 2,000 HR ACTIVISTS ARRESTED </li></ul><ul><li>1997: POL. KILLINGS, FORCIBLE RELOCATIONS, TORTURE OF ETHNIC MINORITIES </li></ul><ul><li>1997: ROHINYA REFUGEES (400 IN BANGLADESH & 6,000 IN THAILAND) REFUSED ASYLUM & REPATRIATED </li></ul>
  17. 50. BURMA <ul><li>1997: BURMESE GOVT INSTIGATED BUDDHIST MONKS TO ATTACK MOSLEMS </li></ul><ul><li>1997: ARMED CONFLICT LED 10s OF THOUSANDS OF KAREN & SHAN REFUGEES FLEEING TO THAILAND </li></ul><ul><li>1997: 1,200 POLITICAL PRISONERS & USE OF SHORT-TERM DETENTION TO SCARE OFF OPPOSITION </li></ul><ul><li>1999: 200 LONG-TERM PRISON; 1,200 EXISTING POLITICAL PRISONERS </li></ul><ul><li>1999: FORCED LABOR & CHILD LABOR </li></ul>
  18. 51. BURMA <ul><li>2000: AUNG SAN SUU KYI CONTINUED TO BE UNDER HOUSE ARREST </li></ul><ul><li>2000: THAILAND & PHILIPPINES OPENLY CRITICIZED SPDC </li></ul><ul><li>2000: MIL. CONTINUE TO KILL ETHNIC MINORITIES DURING CO-IN & ENGAGE PEOPLE (INCLUDING CHILDREN) IN FORCE LABOR </li></ul>
  19. 53. WOMEN IN BURMA: AUNG SAN SUU KYI
  20. 60. DELICATE BUT FEARLESS
  21. 65. CAMBODIA: LAND MINES
  22. 66. CAMBODIA <ul><li>1997: JOURNALISTS HARASSED & KILLED </li></ul>
  23. 68. LEE KUAN YEW OF SINGAPORE: SENIOR MINISTER                                                                                     
  24. 69. SINGAPORE <ul><li>RICE OR FREEDOM? </li></ul><ul><li>STABILITY OR DEMOCRACY? </li></ul><ul><li>GROWTH OR SPEECH? </li></ul><ul><li>INTERNAL SECURITY ACT </li></ul>
  25. 70. SINGAPORE <ul><li>1997: BROUGHT CIVIL SUITS VS. OPPOSI-TION PARTY MEMBERS TO FORCE THEM OUT OF POLITICS THRU BANKRUPTCY </li></ul>
  26. 71. SINGAPORE <ul><li>HIGHEST PER CAPITA EXECUTION RELATED TO </li></ul>
  27. 73. MALAYSIA <ul><li>1997: 2ND APCET (E.TIMOR) CONFERENCE HELD IN K.L.: VIOLENTLY DISPERSED </li></ul><ul><li>1997: DAYAN IBAN INDIGENOUS PEOPLE DETAINED FOR PROTESTING ABOUT LAND RIGHTS </li></ul>
  28. 74. MAHATHIR & ANWAR IBRAHIM
  29. 75. FRIENDS & FOES: INTERNAL SECURITY ACT
  30. 76. INTERNAL TROUBLE
  31. 79. PHILIPPINES
  32. 80. PLENTY
  33. 81. POVERTY
  34. 82. RISE & FALL OF A DICTATORSHIP
  35. 84. CORAZON C. AQUINO ELECTORAL DEMOCRACY
  36. 85. PHILIPPINES <ul><li>REPORTS IN THE U.N. REVEAL THAT THERE WERE MORE HUMAN RIGHTS VICTIMS UNDER AQUINO (1986-1992) THAN UNDER MARCOS (1965-1986) </li></ul>
  37. 86. PRESIDENT FIDEL V. RAMOS
  38. 87. PHILIPPINES <ul><li>1996: HR MONITORS DISAPPEARED & MURDERED </li></ul><ul><li>1996: INT’L NGOs HELD 1ST APCET (E.TIMOR) CONFERENCE IN MANILA, PHILIPPINES </li></ul><ul><li>1996: 127 SENTENCED TO DEATH </li></ul><ul><li>1998: 1ST EXECUTION SINCE 1976 </li></ul><ul><li>1999: 6 KILLED BY LETHAL INJECTION </li></ul><ul><li>2001: 400,000 DISPLACED IN MINDANAO DURING MIL. OPS. </li></ul>
  39. 89. PEOPLE’S PROTEST AGAINST ESTRADA
  40. 90. LABOR MASS ACTION
  41. 91. MILITARY OPERATIONS
  42. 92. ABU SAYYAF GROUP MEMBERS <ul><li>ALDAM TILAO aka ABU SABAYA Sabaya </li></ul><ul><li>KHADAFFY JANJALANI aka DAF/PEK </li></ul><ul><li>GALIB ANDANG aka COMMANDER ROBOT </li></ul>
  43. 93. GOVERNMENT-REBEL CLASHES
  44. 94. 3 PHILIPPINE PRESIDENTS
  45. 98. PRESIDENT SUHARTO: THE SMILING DICTATOR
  46. 99. CIVIL STRIFE: OUSTER OF SUHARTO
  47. 100. INDONESIAN MILITARY
  48. 101. INDONESIAN POLICE
  49. 104. INDONESIA -1997: GOVT AGENTS INVOLVED IN COMMUNAL VIOLENCE PRIOR TO ELECTION -1997: GOVT USED TRIAL OF CATHOLIC PRIEST (HARBORING STUDENT ACTIVISTS ACCUSED OF SUBVERSION) TO BRAND OPPOSITION LEADERS AS “NON-MUSLIMS”
  50. 105. <ul><li>-1997: 300 PRISONERS OF CONSCIENCE </li></ul><ul><li>-1998: IMPLICIT GOVT SUPPORT OF ATTACKS ON ETHNIC CHINESE </li></ul><ul><li>-1998-99: ARMY-LINKED PROVOCATEURS FOMENTED COMMUNAL RIOTS </li></ul><ul><li>-1999: A MAJOR BANK DIVERTED $70M TO GOLKAR </li></ul>
  51. 107. INDONESIAN HQ IN DILI, EAST TIMOR
  52. 108. INDONESIA’S ANNEXATION OF EAST TIMOR -PORTUGUESE COLONY
  53. 109. STRUGGLE FOR FREE EAST TIMOR
  54. 110. INDONESIAN MILITARY IN EAST TIMOR
  55. 111. BURNING HOUSES IN EAST TIMOR
  56. 112. EAST TIMOR: ANTI-INDEPENDENCE MILITIA
  57. 113. GENERAL WIRANTO ACCUSED OF VIOLENCE IN EAST TIMOR
  58. 114. AUSTRALIAN TROOPS IN EAST TIMOR
  59. 116. PRESIDENT WAHID: JUNE 1999 FIRST DEMOCRATIC ELECTION IN 43 YEARS
  60. 117. PRESIDENT WAHID
  61. 118. WOMEN PROTEST VS. WAHID
  62. 119. PRO-WAHID MARCH
  63. 120. PRO-WAHID WARRIOR
  64. 121. INDONESIAN PARLIAMENT IMPEACHED WAHID
  65. 122. WOMEN IN INDONESIA: MEGAWATI SUKARNOPUTRI
  66. 128. AUSTRALIAN TROOPS FOUND BODIES IN LAKE IN EAST TIMOR
  67. 129. EAST TIMOR 1999 : 250,000 REFUGEES & INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS 2001 : 100,000 TRAPPED IN WEST TIMOR BY MILITIAS
  68. 130. AUSTRALIAN TROOPS PROTECT E. T. REFUGEES
  69. 131. EAST TIMOR: XANANA GUSMAO
  70. 132. XANANA GUSMAO
  71. 134. JOSE RAMOS HORTA
  72. 137. ACEH
  73. 138. ACEH 1999: The military and police perpetrated political killings, use of excessive force, disappearances, rape, arbitrary arrest, & detention without trial. 2000: torture, disappearances, & pol. killings continued
  74. 139. ACEH
  75. 140. ACEH
  76. 141. ACEH, INDONESIA
  77. 142. Aceh Resistance
  78. 144. WEST PAPUA
  79. 145. PAPUA 2000 TORTURE, DISAPPEARANCES & POL. KILLINGS WORSENED
  80. 146. AMBON
  81. 147. PARAMILITARY RIOTS IN AMBON
  82. 148. BENTENG KARANG VICTIMS BURNED ON HITU SITE, AMBON
  83. 149. MOSLEM PARAMILITARY KILL CHRISTIAN IN AMBON
  84. 150. In Ambon and throughout Maluku 1999 fighting between Moslems & Christians left over 1,000 dead and tens of thousands were displaced
  85. 152. WEST KALIMANTAN 1999 over 200 persons died in fighting which pitted Madurese immigrants against indigenous Dayak and Melayu groups
  86. 154. INDONESIA 2001 The U.S. State Department (2002) asserts that in Indonesia security forces were responsible for numerous instances of indiscriminate shootings of civilians, torture, beatings, & other abuses in Aceh , Irian Jaya , and elsewhere, and the Government was ineffective in deterring social, inter-ethnic, & inter-religious violence in the Moluccas & Sulawesi .
  87. 155. IMPUNITY, AMNESTY, TRUTH OR JUSTICE?
  88. 156. HUMAN RIGHTS PROTESTS
  89. 157. PHILIPPINE MASS MOVEMENT
  90. 158. PHILIPPINE HUMAN RIGHTS NGOs
  91. 159. ROLE OF MEDIA
  92. 160. the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission of Australia ; the National Human Rights Commission of India ; the Indonesian National Commission on Human Rights ; the National Human Rights Commission of Nepal; the Human Rights Commission of New Zealand ; the Commission on Human Rights of the Philippines ; the Human Rights Commission of Sri Lanka and the Fiji Human Rights Commission.
  93. 163. FREEDOM MAP
  94. 164. FREEDOM MAP
  95. 165. POLITICAL SYSTEMS VIETNAM THAILAND SINGAPORE PHILIPPINES MALAYSIA LAOS INDONESIA EAST TIMOR CAMBODIA BRUNEI BURMA (MYANMAR) COMMUNIST PARTY RULE ELECTORAL DEMOCRACY SEMI-DEMOCRACY ELECTORAL DEMOCRACY SEMI-DEMOCRACY COMMUNIST PARTY RULE ELECTORAL DEMOCRACY TRANSITION TO INDEPENDENCE TRANSITION TO DEMOCRACY ABSOLUTE MONARCHY MILITARY AUTHORITARIANISM
  96. 166. CHALLENGES CLOSED POLITICS VIETNAM CORRUPTION THAILAND INTERNAL SECURITY ACT SINGAPORE PROTEST & REVOLUTION PHILIPPINES INTERNAL SECURITY ACT MALAYSIA CLOSED POLITICS & ECON. LAOS TRANSITION; PROTEST INDONESIA TRANSITION EAST TIMOR POL. VIOLENCE CAMBODIA ABSOLUTE MONARCHY BRUNEI POPULAR PROTEST BURMA/MYANMAR
  97. 169. HUMAN RIGHTS WORK
  98. 170. HUMAN RIGHTS EDUCATION
  99. 171. IN DEFENSE OF HUMAN RIGHTS
  100. 173. NGOs (GERARD CLARKE) <ul><li>PROLIFERATION --> DEMOCRATIZATION </li></ul><ul><li>PARTICIPATE IN ISSUE-BASED SOCIAL MOVEMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>SOURCE OF POLITICAL LEADERS </li></ul><ul><li>SUBCONTRACT GOV’T TASKS: PROGRAM DESIGN, IMPLEMENTATION & APPRAISAL </li></ul><ul><li>ELECTORAL CAMPAIGNS </li></ul><ul><li>ISSUE-BASED POLITICAL AGENDA </li></ul>

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