Organizational Behavior Bauer & Erdogan Chapter 11 Making Decisions Rey Ty

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Organizational Behavior Bauer & Erdogan Chapter 11 Making Decisions "Rey Ty"

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Organizational Behavior Bauer & Erdogan Chapter 11 Making Decisions Rey Ty

  1. 1. Chapter 11: Making Decisions
  2. 2. Organizational Behavior By Talya Bauer, Berrin Erdogan. (2010).
  3. 3. Figure 11.4. Examples of Decisions Commonly Made Within Organizations
  4. 4. Figure 11.5. Steps in the Rational Decision-Making Model
  5. 5. Figure 11.6. The Creative Decision-Making Process
  6. 6. Figure 11.7.  Dimensions of Creativity
  7. 7. Faulty Decision Making <ul><li>Overconfidence bias </li></ul><ul><li>Hindsight bias </li></ul><ul><li>Anchoring: rely too heavily on a single piece of information </li></ul><ul><li>Framing bias influenced by the way that a situation or problem is presented </li></ul><ul><li>Escalation of commitment: spend hours of their time and hundreds, even thousands of dollars repairing the car in the hopes that they might recover their initial investment </li></ul>
  8. 8. Figure 11.11. Advantages and Disadvantages of Different Levels of Decision Making
  9. 9. Figure 11.12.  Groupthink <ul><li>Illusion of invulnerability is shared by most or all of the group members, which creates excessive optimism and encourages them to take extreme risks. </li></ul><ul><li>Collective rationalizations occur, in which members downplay negative information or warnings that might cause them to reconsider their assumptions. </li></ul><ul><li>An unquestioned belief in the group’s inherent morality occurs, which may incline members to ignore ethical or moral consequences of their actions. </li></ul><ul><li>Stereotyped views of outgroups are seen when groups discount rivals’ abilities to make effective responses. </li></ul><ul><li>Direct pressure is exerted on any members who express strong arguments against any of the group’s stereotypes, illusions, or commitments. </li></ul><ul><li>Self-censorship occurs when members of the group minimize their own doubts and counterarguments. </li></ul><ul><li>Illusions of unanimity occur, based on self-censorship and direct pressure on the group. The lack of dissent is viewed as unanimity. </li></ul><ul><li>The emergence of self-appointed mindguards happens when one or more members protect the group from information that runs counter to the group’s assumptions and course of action. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Organizational Behavior By Talya Bauer, Berrin Erdogan. (2010).

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