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2014 07-28 Rey Ty. Intercultural Orientation in Chinese and English.

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Rey Ty. (2014). Intercultural Orientation in Chinese and English. DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University, International Training Office, Division of International Affairs.

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2014 07-28 Rey Ty. Intercultural Orientation in Chinese and English.

  1. 1. Intercultural Orientation 介绍美国文化 Dr. Rey Ty 郑文华博士 Bilingual: In English & in Chinese 双语: 英文和中文语言
  2. 2. Knowing Cultures • Objective: Engineers, professionals, students, and voyagers need to know the cultures of people whom they encounter and with whom they work.
  3. 3. No. Name Chinese Name中国名子 English Name英文名子 Academic Status Gender 1 Sun Jun Freshman M 2 Luo Chen Freshman M 3 Pu Shangbin Freshman M 4 Dai Jiacheng Freshman M 5 Yan Yuhui Freshman M 6 Xu Yaowei Freshman F 7 Lyu Leiwen Freshman M 8 Xie Yuxin Freshman F 9 Lin Jie Freshman F 10 Liu Tiandi Freshman M 11 Bai Yulong Freshman M 12 Li Jijun Freshman M 13 Zhang Binghao Freshman M 14 Zuo Cheng Freshman M 15 Wang Liming Freshman M 16 Yang Yuelong Freshman M 17 Zhang Ying Freshman F 18 Zhang Zicheng Freshman M 19 Zhao Wei Freshman M 20 Xu Tianyi Freshman M 21 Peng Shijia Freshman M 22 Che Jinwei Freshman M 23 Huang Haoqi Freshman M 24 Ying Jiajun Sophomore M 25 Xu Shangkai Sophomore M 26 Zou Huiwen Sophomore F 27 Du Weiyuan Sophomore F 28 Ye Wenya Sophomore F 29 Cai Ruihuan Sophomore M 30 Huang Yepeng Sophomore M 31 Chen Binfeng Junior M 32 Li Zheng Counsellor F 33 Wu Xingxing Counselor F
  4. 4. 名字 Name 1. 我中文名字 (汉字)是__________. 2. 拼音是______________________. 3. 我的英文名字是______________.
  5. 5. I think the U.S.A. is… 当我想到美国,我想到...
  6. 6. I think Americans are… 我认为美国人是...
  7. 7. I think China is better than the U.S.A. because… 我认为中国是比美国更 好,因为...
  8. 8. I think the U.S.A. is better than China because… 我认为美国是比中国更 好,因为...
  9. 9. At Northern Illinois University, I want to… 在北伊利诺伊大学,我希望我能...
  10. 10. In Chicago, I want to… 在芝加哥,我希望我能...
  11. 11. In the U.S.A., I want to… 在美国,我希望我能...
  12. 12. Chicago Geography
  13. 13. Chicago Food Willis Tower
  14. 14. Facebook• Join “International Training Office” Facebook page to see all your photos. https://www.facebook.com/pages/International-Training-Office-NIU/564385103590790
  15. 15. Why are cultures different? 为什么文化都不同? Wèishéme wénhuà dōu bùtóng?
  16. 16. Each society is unique. 每个社会都是独一无二的. Měi gè shèhuì dōu shì dúyīwú'èr de.
  17. 17. Each society has different historical experiences. 每个社会都有不同 的历史经验。 Měi gè shèhuì dōu yǒu bùtóng de lìshǐ jīngyàn. Each society has different historical experiences.
  18. 18. Some societies are primitive. 有些社会是原始社会。 Yǒuxiē shèhuì shì yuánshǐ shèhuì.
  19. 19. Some societies are feudal. 有些社会遵循封建社会。 Yǒuxiē shèhuì zūnxúnfēngjiàn shèhuì.
  20. 20. Some societies are capitalist. 有些社会遵循资本主义。 Yǒuxiē shèhuì zūnxún zīběn zhǔyì.
  21. 21. Some countries are post-industrial. 有些国家是后工业。 Yǒuxiē guójiā shì hòu gōngyè.
  22. 22. Some countries are socialist. 有些国家是社会主义. Yǒuxiē guójiā shì shèhuì zhǔyì.
  23. 23. PrimitiveSlave Feudal CapitalistSocialist History 原始社会奴隶社会 封建主义 资本主义社会主义
  24. 24. Some people live in urban areas. 有些人居住在城市地区. Yǒuxiē rén jūzhù zài chéngshì dìqū.
  25. 25. Some people live in suburban areas. 有些人住在郊区。 Yǒuxiē rén zhù zài jiāoqū.
  26. 26. Some people live in rural areas. 有些人住在农村地区。 Yǒuxiē rén zhù zài nóngcūn dìqū.
  27. 27. Different Contexts 1. Urban 2. Suburban 3. Exurban 4. Rural
  28. 28. Each generation has different cultures. 每个世代都有不同的文化. Měi gè shìdài dōu yǒu bùtóng de wénhuà.
  29. 29. Some people joined the army in World War I 有些人在第一次世界大战当兵. Yǒuxiē rén zài dì yī cì shìjiè dàzhàn dāng bīng.
  30. 30. Some people were born during & after WWI (1901-1924) 有些人是在第一次世界大战期间及之后出生. Yǒuxiē rén shì zài dì yī cì shìjiè dàzhàn qíjiān jí zhīhòu chūshēng.
  31. 31. Some people joined the army in World War II (Born 1925) 有些人在第二次世界大战当兵. Yǒuxiē rén zài dì èr cì shìjiè dàzhàn dāng bīng.
  32. 32. Some people were too young during World War II (Born before 1945). 有些人在第二次世界大战太年轻. Yǒuxiē rén zài dì èr cì shìjiè dàzhàn tài niánqīng.
  33. 33. Some people were born after World War II (Born 1945-1964): “Baby Boomers.” 有些人在第二次世界大战后出生. Yǒuxiē rén zài dì èr cì shìjiè dàzhàn hòu chūshēng.
  34. 34. Some people were born during the Cold War. (1945-1982). “Gen X” or MTV. • 有些人在冷战期间出生. Yǒuxiē rén zài lěngzhàn qíjiān chūshēng.
  35. 35. Some people were born around the new millennium (1982- early 2000s). “Gen Y” or “Millennials.” 有些人在新千年集中出生. Yǒuxiē rén zài xīn qiānnián jí zhòng chūshēng.
  36. 36. Some people were born after the early 2000s “Gen Z” “Post-911” “Multi-Tasking” “Facebook” “Internet” Generation. 有些人在21世纪初以后出生. Yǒuxiē rén zài 21 shìjì chū yǐhòu chūshēng.
  37. 37. Some people believe in God. Other people don't believe in God. 有些人相信上帝。其他人不相信上帝。 Yǒuxiē rén xiāngxìn shàngdì, qítā rén bù xiāngxìn shàngdì.
  38. 38. Some people don't believe in God. Yǒuxiē rén bù xiāngxìn shàngdì.
  39. 39. People have different religious beliefs. 人们有不同的宗教信仰。 Rénmen yǒu bùtóng de zōngjiào xìnyǎng.
  40. 40. The U.S. has Protestant Americans. 美国有人相信基督教。 Měiguó yǒurén xiāngxìn jīdūjiào.
  41. 41. The U.S. has Catholic Americans. 美国有人相信天主教。Měiguó yǒurén xiāngxìn tiānzhǔjiào.
  42. 42. The U.S. has Jewish Americans. 美国有人相信犹太教。 Měiguó yǒurén xiāngxìn yóutàijiào.
  43. 43. The U.S. has Muslim Americans. 美国有人相信伊斯兰教 Měiguó yǒurén xiāngxìn yīsīlán jiào
  44. 44. The U.S. has Buddhist Americans. 美国有人相信佛教。 Měiguó yǒurén xiāngxìn fójiào.
  45. 45. The U.S. has Hindu Americans. 美国有人相信印度教。 Měiguó yǒurén xiāngxìn yìndùjiào.
  46. 46. The U.S. has poor people. 美国有穷人。 Měiguó yǒu qióngrén.
  47. 47. The U.S. has old-rich people. 美国有旧丰富的人。Měiguó yǒu jiù fēngfù de rén.
  48. 48. The U.S. has new-rich people. 美国有新富人群。 Měiguó yǒu xīnfù rénqún.
  49. 49. In the U.S., there is a dominant culture. 美国有一个主流文化。 Měiguó yǒu yīgè zhǔliú wénhuà.
  50. 50. There are minorities in the U.S.A., as there are minorities in China. 美国和中国有很多少数民族文化。
  51. 51. Nationalities in China 等 等
  52. 52. Nationalities in China 等 等
  53. 53. Nationalities in China 等 等
  54. 54. In the U.S., the dominant culture is white Anglo-Saxon Protestant. 在美国,占主导地位的文化是英国白 人新教徒。Zài měiguó, zhàn zhǔdǎo dìwèi de wénhuà shì yīngguó báirén xīn jiàotú.
  55. 55. The U.S.A. has many minority cultures. 美国有很多少数民族的文化。 Měiguó yǒu hěnduō shǎoshù mínzú de wénhuà.
  56. 56. The U.S. has Native Americans. 美国有本土的美国人。 Měiguó yǒu běntǔ dì měiguó rén.
  57. 57. The U.S. has Native Americans.
  58. 58. The U.S. has Native Americans. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jMu0uDhI5lw&index=12&list=PL7CWmBwaMJJA1gR9VdwasT980a-TJ4pGr https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2L6DOeOP4PE&index=5&list=PL7CWmBwaMJJA1gR9VdwasT980a-TJ4pGr
  59. 59. The U.S. has African Americans. 美国有非裔美国人。 Měiguó yǒu fēi yì měiguó rén.
  60. 60. The U.S. has Asian Americans. • 美国有 亚裔美 国人。 Měiguó yǒu yà yì měiguó rén.
  61. 61. The U.S. has Asian Americans. • 美国有亚裔美国人。 Měiguó yǒu yà yì měiguó rén.
  62. 62. The U.S. has Pacific Islanders. 美国有太平洋岛民。 Měiguó yǒu tàipíngyáng dǎo mín.
  63. 63. The U.S. has Latino Americans.
  64. 64. The U.S. has European Americans. 美国有欧裔美国人。 Měiguó yǒu ōu yì měiguó rén.
  65. 65. The U.S. has people of mixed heritage. • 美国有混血人。 Měiguó yǒu hùnxiě rén.
  66. 66. The U.S. has traditional families.美国有传统的家庭。 Měiguó yǒu chuántǒng de jiātíng.
  67. 67. The U.S. has single-parent families. • 美国有单亲家庭。 Měiguó yǒu dān qìng jiātíng.
  68. 68. The U.S. has gay families. • 美国有同性恋家庭。 Měiguó yǒu tóngxìngliàn jiātíng.
  69. 69. The U.S. has single-person never-married families. 美国有单人从未结婚的家庭。 Měiguó yǒu dān rén cóng wèi jiéhūn de jiātíng.
  70. 70. Some people (27%) live alone. • 有些人(27%)独居。27%独自生活。 Yǒuxiē rén (27% ) dújū. 27%dúzì shēnghuó.
  71. 71. 1.9 million Americans are 90 years old or older. • 190万美国人是90岁以上的老年人。 190 Wàn měiguó rén shì 90 suì yǐshàng de lǎonián rén.
  72. 72. Always say: Hi, Please, Thanks, Bye.” 总是说“你好.” “请”或 “麻烦您.” “谢谢” “再见.”
  73. 73. In the U.S., you are required to give tips in restaurants from 15% to 18% minimum. •在美国餐馆,你必须给最低 从15%至18%小费。 Zài měiguó cānguǎn, nǐ bìxū gěi zuìdī cóng 15% zhì 18% de xiǎofèi.
  74. 74. Some people are preppy.
  75. 75. Some people are jocks.
  76. 76. Some people are Punk.
  77. 77. Some people are Goth.
  78. 78. Some people like the Hip- Hop culture.
  79. 79. Some people are skaters.
  80. 80. Guido & Guidette
  81. 81. Americans like to drink cold drinks. They use a lot of ice. 美国人喜欢喝冷饮。 Měiguó rén xǐhuan hē lěngyǐn. 美国人喜欢有很多冰块。 Měiguó rén xǐhuan yǒu hěnduō bīng kuài.
  82. 82. Americans are individualistic. 美国人喜欢个人主义。 Měiguó rén xǐhuan gèrén zhǔyì.
  83. 83. Look but don't stare at people.不要盯着人。 Bùyào dīngzhe rén.
  84. 84. Respect personal space. • 尊重私人空间。 Zūnzhòng sīrén kōngjiān.
  85. 85. Fall in line. Don't cut queues. • 排长队。不要切断队列。 Pái cháng duì. Bùyào qiēduàn duìliè.
  86. 86. Americans want to have quiet personal time. • 美国人想拥有安静的个人时间。 Měiguó rén xiǎng yǒngyǒu ānjìng de gèrén shíjiān.
  87. 87. Americans respect privacy. 美国人尊重隐私。 不太想热闹. Měiguó rén zūnzhòng yǐnsī. Bù tài xiǎng rènào.
  88. 88. Americans want to have direct answers. Say yes when you mean yes. Say no when you mean no. • 美国人希望有 直接的答案。 说 “是的”, 当你的意思是 “是的”。说 “不是的”, 当你的意思是 “不是的”。
  89. 89. In the U.S., you must be at least eighteen years old to be able to smoke. • 在美国,你 必须至少有 十八岁才能 抽烟。 Zài měiguó, nǐ bìxū zhìshǎo yǒu shíbā suì cáinéng chōuyān.
  90. 90. What do you normally eat for breakfast, lunch, snacks, & dinner?
  91. 91. Americans eat hot meals. 美国人吃热的食物。Měiguó rén chī rè de shíwù.
  92. 92. Americans eat cold meals. • 美国人吃冷的食物。Měiguó rén chī lěng de shíwù.
  93. 93. For Here? To Go? 在餐厅内吃饭? 带走?
  94. 94. For Here? To Go? 带 走 ? 在餐 厅内 吃饭?
  95. 95. In the U.S., when you eat, you must not make any noise. • 在美国,当你吃 饭,禁止出生。 Zài měiguó, dāng nǐ chīfàn, jìnzhǐ chūshēng.
  96. 96. In the U.S., when you eat, you must not burp. • 在美国,当你吃饭,禁止打嗝。 Zài měiguó, dāng nǐ chīfàn, jìnzhǐ dǎgé.
  97. 97. In the U.S., when you eat, it is prohibited to slurp. • 在美国,当你 吃,禁止啜食。 Zài měiguó, dāng nǐ chī, jìnzhǐ chuài shí.
  98. 98. In the U.S., when you eat, it is prohibited to slurp. • 在美国,当你 吃,禁止啜食。 Zài měiguó, dāng nǐ chī, jìnzhǐ chuài shí.
  99. 99. In the U.S., when you eat, it is prohibited to slurp. • 在美国,当你吃,禁止啜食。
  100. 100. In the U.S., to be polite, you must firmly shake the hand of others. • 在美国,要有礼貌,你 必须坚定地握手。 Zài měiguó, yào yǒu lǐmào, nǐ bìxū jiāndìng dì wòshǒu.
  101. 101. In the U.S., being late is rude. You have to arrive on time for meetings.
  102. 102. Americans in general are very friendly.
  103. 103. Some professors are formal. Hello, Dr. Zheng. 郑教授,你好。
  104. 104. Some professors are informal. Hello, Rey. Rey, 你好. Hello, Brother Rey. 文华哥, 你好.
  105. 105. In the U.S., you have to thank everyone, including your parents and friends.• 在美国,你必须要感谢每 一个人,包括你的父母和 朋友。 Zài měiguó, nǐ bìxū yào gǎnxiè měi yīgè rén, bāokuò nǐ de fùmǔ hé péngyǒu.
  106. 106. In the U.S., you have to be polite toward everyone: the president, bus driver, teacher, student, rich, poor, male, female, old, and young. • 在美国, 你必须 给大家: 总统, 公交车 司机, 教师, 学生, 富人, 穷人, 男女老 幼。 Zài měiguó, nǐ bìxū yào duì měi gèrén dōu bīn bīn yǒulǐ: Zǒngtǒng, gōngjiāo chē sījī, jiàoshī, xuéshēng, fù rén, qióngrén, nánnǚ lǎo yòu.
  107. 107. In the U.S., you have to be polite toward everyone: the president, bus driver, teacher, student, rich, poor, male, female, old, and young.
  108. 108. • 在美 国, 你必 须给 大家: 总统, 公交 车司 机, 教师, 学生, 富人, 穷人, 男女 老幼。 Zài měiguó, nǐ bìxū yào duì měi gèrén dōu bīn bīn yǒulǐ: Zǒngtǒng , gōngjiāo chē sījī, jiàoshī, xuéshēng , fù rén, qióngrén, nánnǚ lǎo yòu.
  109. 109. Treat Everyone Respectfully.
  110. 110. Thank You!谢 谢!
  111. 111. Questions? 有问题吗?
  112. 112. Fair Use• In good faith, this work contains fair use of copyrighted and non- copyrighted images from the public domain & the web for non- commercial & nonprofit educational purposes. • This work is distributed free of charge. • The author has neither monetized this work nor sought any profit from its distribution. • Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976: Allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. • This work contains original work of commentary and critical analysis. • Quotations are attributed to the original authors and sources.

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