2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Session (1) 11:10 AM – 11:40 AM

and

Session (2) 11:50 AM - 12:20 PM

Power & Privilege in U.S. Society:
Politics of Clas...
Power & Privilege in U.S. Society:

Politics of Class, Color, Religion, Sex,
Gender, Fashion, Culture, Age, Ability,
Value...
Session (1) 11:10 AM – 11:40 AM

and

Session (2) 11:50 AM - 12:20 PM

Power & Privilege in U.S. Society:
Politics of Clas...
Ground Rules

1. Raise your hand to
be recognized so
that you can
interrupt me any
time.
2. Give your
comments & raise
you...
Outline

Abstract
I.
Introduction
A. Problem Statement
B. Questions
C. Objectives
D. Positionality
E. Definition of Terms
...
Abstract:
Complex Degrees of Dynamic Power & Privilege in U.S. Society:
Politics of Class, Color, Religion, Sex, Gender, F...
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
References:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

10.

Alexander, Michelle. (2010). The New Jim Crow. NY, NY:
The New Press.
Beauvo...
I.
Introduction
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Problems
Problems

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Problem
People with Power &
Privilege

Subaltern People Bullied
& Discriminated

Poor Old Plain-Looking
Rich Young GoodSho...
Problems

1. Capitalist Neoliberal Globalization
& International Economic &
Financial Crisis
2. Widening rich-poor gap
3. ...
Problem

1.Invisible
2.Misrepresented
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Question
1. Who have power &
privilege in the U.S.A.?

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Question
1. Who don’t have power &
privilege in the U.S.A.?

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Objective

• To identify power &
privilege in the U.S.
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Objective
•To
empower
the
invisible &
misrepresented
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Power
“Power is not an
institution, and not a
structure; neither is it a
certain strength we are
endowed with; it is the
n...
Power/Knowledge
Power
produces
different kinds
of knowledge.
Michel Foucault
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Privilege
Meaning
"advantage
granted" is from
mid-14c. in English.
Etymology
Dictionary
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Methods
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Case Studies
Pop culture
Video clips
Memes
Online jokes
Post-colonial
examples too
2013 Dr. Rey...
Theories

I. Uncritical
Theories

A. Mainstream
Modernist
Theories
B. “Objectivity”

II.

Critical
Theories

A. Marxism, C...
Common Themes
• Critical
1.Race, class
Theory,
& gender
Post2.Power &
modernism
oppression
& Feminism pp. 241-253
2013 Dr....
II.
Findings
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Unmasking & Unpacking

Human
Power &
Privilege

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Cruelty to Animals

https://secure.peta.org/site/Advocacy?cmd=display&page=UserAction&id
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
=5119&utm_campaig...
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wpla_nA0Caw
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Sexual Assaults on Women Rise at
Spain's Pamplona Bull Run. 100
rapes in just four days !!

http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/artic...
Human Power & Privilege

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Human Power & Privilege

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
The
world
is on
fire!
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
The world is on fire!

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Vandana
Shiva

Environmental
Movement

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Unmasking & Unpacking

Power & Privilege
based on Culture,

Appearance,

Fashion, Physique,
Ability, & Values

2013 Dr. Re...
Competition

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Blame
Others

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Bias against
Disability

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Bias in
favor of
the
Young
Ones
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Bias in
favor of
the
Skinny
Ones
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Objectification

of Women

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Size Discrimination

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Pressure
to be
“beautiful”
& dress
“fashionably”
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
1. No to
patriarcharchal beauty
standards!
2. No to
misogynistic
body
policing!

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Fashion

Victim

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Mainstream Culture

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Experience

• Dustin Hoffman Breaks
Down Crying Explaining
Something That Every
Woman Sadly Already
Experienced
• http://w...
Brand Victim

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Unmasking & Unpacking

White
Power &
Privilege

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Common Thread
1. Institutionalized discrimination
2. Personal, peer, & family support,
mentors, social networks of raciali...
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
DWB
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
DWB
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
The Problem with Men
Dr. Juanita JohnsonBailey: Students say
white male professors
are open-minded &
colored & women
profe...
The Problem with Men
Dr. Juanita JohnsonBailey: Students rate
white male
professors higher
than colored &
women professors...
Believe It or Not

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Original Statue of Liberty
• “The original statue of Liberty
gifted by the French to America was
not the stern-faced green...
Minorities

in the
U.S.A.
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Jasmine in Aladdin Movie
• Hollywood stereotypes
• All Arab characters:
Both Aladdin &
Jasmine have
Anglicized features &
...
Major League Baseball (MLB) All
Star Game Opens With Marc
Anthony, Racists Lose It Again

• Twittersphere erupted
in hatre...
Syphilis Laboratory

http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR
=1&v=nha9MsSSKvE&feature=fvwp

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Diversity of
Blacks
1. African
2. African
American
3. Black Latina
4. Caribbean
5. B. Brazilian,
etc.
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Reflection

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Being Black in the U.S.
• Attorney General
Eric Holder
Targets 'Stand
Your Ground'
Laws Talking To
NAACP
Convention
http:/...
Being Black in the U.S.

School to Prison Pipeline

“Zero Tolerance”

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Being Black in the U.S.
• Man arrested
for having a
stroke while
Black, left to
die on jail
floor.

• http://www.dailykos....
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Internet Memes

Internet Memes

Internet Memes

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Being Black in the U.S.
• Trayvon
Martin:
Protests at
George
Zimmerman
verdict
• What if they
traded colors?
•

Stand-your...
Subconscious racial bias in children

• Anderson Cooper
details a 7th grader
whose answers to
similar scenarios
differ dep...
Being Black in the U.S.
• Sweatshirt
& khaki
slims:
“Hoodie”
• https://
www.youtube.com/watch?v
=Jiby_-of0RU
2013 Dr. Rey ...
Being Black in the U.S.
• What Would
Happen if
Zimmerman &
Martin Races
Were Reversed
• With Racial Roles Reversed, Three ...
http://wearenottrayvonmartin.tumblr.com/

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Cheerios Commercial Debate

1.
2.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sR45-AYVl-o
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y-9k6aWQ6vE
2...
On a Positive Note…
Kids React to
Controversial
Cheerios
Commercial
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VifdBFp5pnw Rey Ty
2013...
Positive Note

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Unmasking & Unpacking

White Female
Power &
Privilege
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Unmasking & Unpacking

White
Female & Male
Straight & LGBTQIA
Power & Privilege

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
White Women &
Men Power &
Privilege

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
White Women & Men
Power & Privilege

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
White
Female & Male
Straight & LGBTQIA
Power & Privilege

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Unmasking & Unpacking

Male
Power &
Privilege

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Male Power & Privilege

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Stereotype

• Science, Technology,
Engineering & Math (STEM)

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Stereotype

• Science, Technology,
Engineering & Math (STEM)

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Stereotype

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Stereotype

• Science, Technology,
Engineering & Math (STEM)

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Women’s

Rights
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Women

• “Women
hold half
the sky”
(Mao).
• 妇女能顶
半边天 .
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Worse

• Women’s Wimbledon
Champion Marion
Bartoli Deemed
“Undeserving Ugly Fat
Slut" By Sexists
Because She’s Not A
Tall ...
Worse
• BBC presenter,
John Inverdale,
caused outrage
after saying that
Marion Bartoli,
the women’s
singles champion
at Wi...
Worse
Wimbledon exposed the sexism women
face – as players and girlfriends

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/j...
The
Problem

with
Men
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
The
Problem

with
Men

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
The
Problem

with
Men
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
The Problem with Men

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
The Problem with Men

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Not
all
women
are
womensensitive.
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Katie
Couric

Criticized
for her
make up &
wardrobe:
huh?

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Great Athlete: Gabriele Douglas

Problem with some women: Criticize “bad hair.” Huh???
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Remember Rihanna?

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Stereotypes
• What are
some
stereotypes
about Islam
in general &
Muslim
women in
particular?
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Ancient China

•花木蘭
Hua
Mulan

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XlgdI88X7XQ

http://disneyandmovies.pbworks.com/w/page/17905...
Women Pretend to be Men

Why?

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
How
many
women

?
How
many
persons

of
color
?

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Unmasking & Unpacking

Class
Power &
Privilege

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Power of the
Rich & Famous

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Third Wave
• 1 & 2 waves of feminism
st

nd

Focus only on upper
middle class white women Dr. Rey Ty
2013
Compared
to the Rest
of the World
Americans
Are All the
1%
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Bill Moyers

• "Inequality is real, it's personal,
it's expensive and it was
created. Today, 1% of Americans
are taking ho...
Fast Food & Big Corporations:
Feminization of poverty; Corporate Welfare:
Low wages super-size public/welfare cost
1. Fast...
Rich Women, LGBTQIA, & People of
Color Have Power & Privilege

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Unmasking & Unpacking

Privilege of
People in
Rich
Countries

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Unmasking & Unpacking

Privilege of People in
Rich Countries: Be
They Female, Male,
Straight, LGBTQIA or
People of All Col...
Unpacking & Unmasking

Stereotypes of Asian Women & Men

1. Madame Butterfly

https://www.youtube.com/watch?

v=1woH96ROG-...
Think:

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Unmasking & Unpacking

Christian
Power &
Privilege

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Christian
Power & Privilege

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
u
F

!
n

Reynaldo R. Ty
14th

July

2013

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Discrimination against
Non-Christians

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Discrimination against Atheists

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
When you
engage in
interfaith
work, do
you
include
nonChristians?
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
http://www.upworthy.com/muslim-america-rocks?c=bl3
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
http://www.upworthy.com/muslim-america-rocks?c=bl3
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Unmasking & Unpacking

Straight
Power &
Privilege

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Definition
1. Sex
(female):
Biological
2. Gender:
Social
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Anti-Gay Russian Policy

http://www.mediaite.com/tv/deal-with-the-devil-donald-trump-tells-thomas-robertshis-marriage-stil...
How many sexes are there?

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Gender
1.Women
2.Men
3.LGBTQIA
4.None of the above
5.All of the above

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
How many sexes are there?
1. Traditional Female
2. Traditional Male
3. Intersex: Hermaprodite (Herm)
4. Intersex: Ferm
5. ...
Amnesty
International UK:
Kuwaiti MPs are
outraged that
we've dared to
speak out against
their plans to
'detect' gay and
t...
Not Only Straight Women

LGBTQIA

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Not Only Straight Women
• Lesbian &
transgender

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
“Radical Lesbian Feminism”
•

Mary Daly.
1. 1968: The Church & the 2nd Sex.
2. 1973: Beyond God the Father.
3. 1978. Gyn/E...
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Same
Love

• MTV: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hlVBg7_08n0
• Lesbian proposal https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=wpYEWDW0...
DOMA Unconstitutional

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Some People

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Everything You Always Wanted
To Know About Transgender
People But Were Afraid To Ask

you-always-wanted-to-know-about-tran...
Critique of 1 & 2 Waves
st

nd

• Monolithic, essentialist upper middle
class white women

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Who says “skirts” are only for women?

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
German Father Joins
5-Year-Old Son's
Cross Dressing: Role
Model or Misleading?
http://www.fashionnstyle.com/a
rticles/3060...
III.

Conclusion
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Summary

Objectives

1. Analyze politics, ideology, &
philosophy of difference: those
with power & privilege
2. …and those...
Importance

1. Race, Class,
Gender, Religion
& Other
Differences
2. Money, power,
knowledge Dr. Rey Ty
2013
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Unmasking & Unpacking

Degrees of

Privilege
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Unmasking & Unpacking

• Degrees of Power & Privilege
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

Male privilege
White pri...
Persons of Multiple Minority Complex

• Hypothetical: Poor
Lesbian Other-Abled
Minority (Color,
Ethnicity & Religion)
Woma...
Paolo Freire

• “Washing one’s
hands of the conflict
between the
powerful & the
powerless means to
side with the
powerful,...
Problems

1. Capitalist Neoliberal Globalization
& International Economic &
Financial Crisis
2. Widening rich-poor gap
3. ...
We Need to Work for
• Empowerment, mutual
respect, mutual benefit,
harmony, equality,
justice, harmony &
peace
2013 Dr. Re...
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Tasks
Ahead

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
People in Struggle
1. Working
people &
peasants
2. Democratic

forces
3. Forces for
Progress
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
1.
2.
3.
4.

5.

Struggles

Civil liberties, human rights & electoral
democracy
Peace
Rights & full equality of other able...
People in Struggle

MF, LGBTQIA, Multiethnic, multi-color
unity for full equality &
against racism as the
core forces of
p...
Social
Movements
1. Peace
2. Progress
3. Progressive
& democratic
religious
movements
4. International
solidarity
2013 Dr....
Solution
Need to respect & empower
the invisible & oppressed:
Poor Old Plain-Looking Short Fat Disabled
“Not Normal” “Not-...
Slavoj Žižek: “…full
circle: after
abandoning so-called
‘class-struggle
essentialism’ for the
plurality of anti-racist,
fe...
Slavoj Žižek: “The problem is not
individual corruption or greed, but the
system that encourages you to be
corrupt. The so...
Act!

Howard Zinn: “You never know what
spark is going to really result in a
conflagration… You have to do
things…; you ha...
Capitalist Reform?

Howard Zinn: “…capitalism is an old idea,
& one which caused so much misery…
We have an educational jo...
Starvation & Wars
Howard Zinn: “And we must
point out that in the era of
capitalism, whatever
‘progress’ was made for new
...
Organize Glocally!
Howard Zinn: “So our
job today is to
organize, to create a
vast movement in our
country that can link
u...
Democratic Revolution
Howard Zinn: “The irresistible
popular movements for change in
Czechoslovakia, Poland, East
Germany,...
Democratic Revolution
Howard Zinn: “It should not be impossible to
persuade Americans that such a democratic
revolution is...
From Arms to Ploughshare
Howard Zinn: “That agenda is: using the
immense wealth that goes each year into the
military ($20...
People, Not Politicians!
Howard Zinn: “Our job is not to give
(politicians) a blank check or simply be
cheerleaders. It wa...
Two Parties, Same Thread
Howard Zinn: “I had a teacher at
Columbia U… name Richard
Hofstadter, who wrote a book called
The...
Slavoj Žižek: “…without the form of the Party,
the movement remains caught in the vicious
cycle of ‘resistance’, one of th...
What We Want

Howard Zinn:
“People say, ‘What, are you a
dreamer?”
And the answer is, yes, we’re
dreamers We want it all. ...
Help the Banks or People?
Howard Zinn: “The banks
aren’t poverty-stricken. The
CEOs aren’t poverty-stricken.
But there are...
Money to the People!
Howard Zinn: “Let’s take
this money & give it
directly to the people who
need it. Give it to the
peop...
Not to Corporations!
Howard Zinn: “No—
if people need jobs,
you don’t give
money to the
corporations,
hoping that maybe
jo...
Work for a better future
right here right now!

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
2013 Dr. Rey Ty
References:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

10.

Alexander, Michelle. (2010). The New Jim Crow. NY, NY:
The New Press.
Beauvo...
Fair Use
• In good faith, this work contains fair use of copyrighted and
non-copyrighted images from the public domain & t...
Thank
You!

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Thank
you!

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Dr. Rey Ty

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Thank You!
Dr. Rey Ty

Northern Illinois University

2013 Dr. Rey Ty
Session (1) 11:10 AM – 11:40 AM

and

Session (2) 11:50 AM - 12:20 PM

Power & Privilege in U.S. Society:

Politics of Cla...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

2013 10-19 Rey Ty Power and Privilege in the U.S. Society, Social Justice Conference, NIU

790 views

Published on

2013 10-19 Rey Ty Power and Privilege in the U.S. Society, Social Justice Conference, NIU

Published in: Technology, Spiritual
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
790
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • {}
  • 2013 10-19 Rey Ty Power and Privilege in the U.S. Society, Social Justice Conference, NIU

    1. 1. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    2. 2. Session (1) 11:10 AM – 11:40 AM and Session (2) 11:50 AM - 12:20 PM Power & Privilege in U.S. Society: Politics of Class, Color, Religion, Sex, Gender, Fashion, Culture, Age, Ability, Values & Other Differences Dr. Rey Ty Northern Illinois University 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    3. 3. Power & Privilege in U.S. Society: Politics of Class, Color, Religion, Sex, Gender, Fashion, Culture, Age, Ability, Values & Other Differences Dr. Rey Ty, Northern Illinois University Ty 2013 Dr. Rey
    4. 4. Session (1) 11:10 AM – 11:40 AM and Session (2) 11:50 AM - 12:20 PM Power & Privilege in U.S. Society: Politics of Class, Color, Religion, Sex, Gender, Fashion, Culture, Age, Ability, Values & Other Differences Dr. Rey Ty, Northern Illinois University 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    5. 5. Ground Rules 1. Raise your hand to be recognized so that you can interrupt me any time. 2. Give your comments & raise your questions asap. Join & download from Academia.edu 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    6. 6. Outline Abstract I. Introduction A. Problem Statement B. Questions C. Objectives D. Positionality E. Definition of Terms F. Methods G. Theory II. Findings III. Conclusion References 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    7. 7. Abstract: Complex Degrees of Dynamic Power & Privilege in U.S. Society: Politics of Class, Color, Religion, Sex, Gender, Fashion, Culture, Age, Ability, Values & Other Differences Rey Ty Training Coordinator International Training Office, Division of International Programs, Northern Illinois University Dominant Group with Power & Privilege Animal Class Color Religion Sex Gender Fashion Culture Age Ability Values Others Human Rich White Christian Male Heterosexual Fashion Victim Mainstream Young Adult Abled Competition Slim, Tall, “Normal” Class Color Religion Sex Gender Fashion Culture Age Ability Values Others Poor Colored NonChristian Female LGBTQIA NonVictim Alternative Old & Minors Disabled Cooperation Short, Fat, “Deviant” NonHuman Powerless Subaltern Group in Struggle for Empowerment & Equality Note: Each society is different. For example, in another country, such as Mali, the Black majority is the dominant group which is in power, while the Arabs are a minority. In yet another country, such as in South Africa during the Apartheid regime, the Black majority did not have political power, but was under the rule of the minority White. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    8. 8. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    9. 9. References: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Alexander, Michelle. (2010). The New Jim Crow. NY, NY: The New Press. Beauvoir, S. (2011). The second sex. New York: First Vintage Books Edition. All writings by Dr. Phyllis Cunningham. hooks, b. (2000). Feminism is for everybody. NY: South End Press. Merriam, S., Caffarella, R., & Baumgartner, L. (2006). Learning in adulthood: A comprehensive guide. S.F.: Jossey-Bass. Mahé , S. & Covert, K. Democracy. S.F.: Council Oak Books. Tong, R. (2008). Feminist Thought: A More Comprehensive Introduction (3rd ed.). Boulder, CO: Westview Press. Rey Ty’s articles and books, many of which are online. Žižek, S. (2012). The year of dreaming dangerously. Verso: London & New York. Žižek, S. (2002). Revolution at the gates. Verso: London & New York. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    10. 10. I. Introduction 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    11. 11. Problems Problems 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    12. 12. Problem People with Power & Privilege Subaltern People Bullied & Discriminated Poor Old Plain-Looking Rich Young GoodShort Fat Disabled “Not Looking Tall Thin Able Normal” “Not-Fashionable” Heterosexual “Normal” Non-Faddish NonFashion-Victim Faddish Materialist Non-Christian Materialist White Women LGBTQIA People European-American of Color & Non-Human Christian Male Animals 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    13. 13. Problems 1. Capitalist Neoliberal Globalization & International Economic & Financial Crisis 2. Widening rich-poor gap 3. Fear: Anti-terrorism, security, drones, peace movements 4. Xenophobia: undocumented, people of color 5. Islamophobia 6. Plutocracy: Financial oligarchy 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    14. 14. Problem 1.Invisible 2.Misrepresented 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    15. 15. Question 1. Who have power & privilege in the U.S.A.? 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    16. 16. Question 1. Who don’t have power & privilege in the U.S.A.? 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    17. 17. Objective • To identify power & privilege in the U.S. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    18. 18. Objective •To empower the invisible & misrepresented 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    19. 19. Power “Power is not an institution, and not a structure; neither is it a certain strength we are endowed with; it is the name that one attributes to a complex strategical situation in a particular society.” Michel Foucault 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    20. 20. Power/Knowledge Power produces different kinds of knowledge. Michel Foucault 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    21. 21. Privilege Meaning "advantage granted" is from mid-14c. in English. Etymology Dictionary 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    22. 22. Methods 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Case Studies Pop culture Video clips Memes Online jokes Post-colonial examples too 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    23. 23. Theories I. Uncritical Theories A. Mainstream Modernist Theories B. “Objectivity” II. Critical Theories A. Marxism, Critical Theory, Postcolonial, Poststructuralism, Post-modernism B. PartisanshipDr. Rey Ty 2013
    24. 24. Common Themes • Critical 1.Race, class Theory, & gender Post2.Power & modernism oppression & Feminism pp. 241-253 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    25. 25. II. Findings 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    26. 26. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    27. 27. Unmasking & Unpacking Human Power & Privilege 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    28. 28. Cruelty to Animals https://secure.peta.org/site/Advocacy?cmd=display&page=UserAction&id 2013 Dr. Rey Ty =5119&utm_campaign=1013%20URGENT:%20Bulls%20Tortured%20With%20Fire%2
    29. 29. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    30. 30. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wpla_nA0Caw
    31. 31. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    32. 32. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    33. 33. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    34. 34. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    35. 35. Sexual Assaults on Women Rise at Spain's Pamplona Bull Run. 100 rapes in just four days !! http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/articles/489926/2 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    36. 36. Human Power & Privilege 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    37. 37. Human Power & Privilege 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    38. 38. The world is on fire! 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    39. 39. The world is on fire! 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    40. 40. Vandana Shiva Environmental Movement 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    41. 41. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    42. 42. Unmasking & Unpacking Power & Privilege based on Culture, Appearance, Fashion, Physique, Ability, & Values 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    43. 43. Competition 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    44. 44. Blame Others 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    45. 45. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    46. 46. Bias against Disability 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    47. 47. Bias in favor of the Young Ones 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    48. 48. Bias in favor of the Skinny Ones 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    49. 49. Objectification of Women 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    50. 50. Size Discrimination 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    51. 51. Pressure to be “beautiful” & dress “fashionably” 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    52. 52. 1. No to patriarcharchal beauty standards! 2. No to misogynistic body policing! 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    53. 53. Fashion Victim 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    54. 54. Mainstream Culture 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    55. 55. Experience • Dustin Hoffman Breaks Down Crying Explaining Something That Every Woman Sadly Already Experienced • http://www.upworthy.com/dustin-hoffman-breaks-down-c 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    56. 56. Brand Victim 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    57. 57. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    58. 58. Unmasking & Unpacking White Power & Privilege 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    59. 59. Common Thread 1. Institutionalized discrimination 2. Personal, peer, & family support, mentors, social networks of racialized minorities 3. “Whites are generallly less aware of… racism &…White privilege” 4. “cultural competence” & sensitivity to client perspectives for professionals (Merriam, Cafarella & Baumgartner, p. 246) 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    60. 60. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    61. 61. DWB 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    62. 62. DWB 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    63. 63. The Problem with Men Dr. Juanita JohnsonBailey: Students say white male professors are open-minded & colored & women professors are biased when they discuss the same topic (diversity, gender…). 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    64. 64. The Problem with Men Dr. Juanita JohnsonBailey: Students rate white male professors higher than colored & women professors when they discuss the same topic (diversity, gender…). 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    65. 65. Believe It or Not 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    66. 66. Original Statue of Liberty • “The original statue of Liberty gifted by the French to America was not the stern-faced green Roman looking woman that you see today holding a tablet and a torch. The original and first Statue of Liberty was a Black woman holding the broken shackles of slavery. She was refused on the notion that the black statue would be a constant reminder of the liberty that the slaves earned, from successfully fighting in the American Civil War. The true Black Statue of Liberty remains rejected, forgotten and lost in broken fragments of Black history.” • http://passionatespot.com/2013/02/17/histor 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    67. 67. Minorities in the U.S.A. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    68. 68. Jasmine in Aladdin Movie • Hollywood stereotypes • All Arab characters: Both Aladdin & Jasmine have Anglicized features & accents, while others are dark-skinned, cruel, http:// etc. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    69. 69. Major League Baseball (MLB) All Star Game Opens With Marc Anthony, Racists Lose It Again • Twittersphere erupted in hatred when Marc Anthony, who is of Puerto Rican heritage and born in the United States, sang “God Bless America” at the opening of the Major League Baseball AllStar Game. This is really getting old, and these people need to be called out for being what they are: straight up racists. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    70. 70. Syphilis Laboratory http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR =1&v=nha9MsSSKvE&feature=fvwp 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    71. 71. Diversity of Blacks 1. African 2. African American 3. Black Latina 4. Caribbean 5. B. Brazilian, etc. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    72. 72. Reflection 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    73. 73. Being Black in the U.S. • Attorney General Eric Holder Targets 'Stand Your Ground' Laws Talking To NAACP Convention http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-23339328 http://www.nbcnews.com/id/8004316/ns/video#52492533 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    74. 74. Being Black in the U.S. School to Prison Pipeline “Zero Tolerance” 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    75. 75. Being Black in the U.S. • Man arrested for having a stroke while Black, left to die on jail floor. • http://www.dailykos.com/story/2013/07/15/1223852/-Man-a 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    76. 76. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    77. 77. Internet Memes Internet Memes Internet Memes 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    78. 78. Being Black in the U.S. • Trayvon Martin: Protests at George Zimmerman verdict • What if they traded colors? • Stand-yourground law http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/23310872 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    79. 79. Subconscious racial bias in children • Anderson Cooper details a 7th grader whose answers to similar scenarios differ depending on the race of the characters. • If This Is How The Nice Kids Think, Imagine How The Not-So-Nice Ones Feel 2013 Dr. Rey Ty http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nFbvBJULVnc#at=2
    80. 80. Being Black in the U.S. • Sweatshirt & khaki slims: “Hoodie” • https:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =Jiby_-of0RU 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    81. 81. Being Black in the U.S. • What Would Happen if Zimmerman & Martin Races Were Reversed • With Racial Roles Reversed, Three Self-Defense Cases That • https:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =BKQ8GZQfUxw 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    82. 82. http://wearenottrayvonmartin.tumblr.com/ 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    83. 83. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    84. 84. Cheerios Commercial Debate 1. 2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sR45-AYVl-o http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y-9k6aWQ6vE 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    85. 85. On a Positive Note… Kids React to Controversial Cheerios Commercial http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VifdBFp5pnw Rey Ty 2013 Dr.
    86. 86. Positive Note 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    87. 87. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    88. 88. Unmasking & Unpacking White Female Power & Privilege 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    89. 89. Unmasking & Unpacking White Female & Male Straight & LGBTQIA Power & Privilege 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    90. 90. White Women & Men Power & Privilege 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    91. 91. White Women & Men Power & Privilege 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    92. 92. White Female & Male Straight & LGBTQIA Power & Privilege 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    93. 93. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    94. 94. Unmasking & Unpacking Male Power & Privilege 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    95. 95. Male Power & Privilege 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    96. 96. Stereotype • Science, Technology, Engineering & Math (STEM) 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    97. 97. Stereotype • Science, Technology, Engineering & Math (STEM) 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    98. 98. Stereotype 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    99. 99. Stereotype • Science, Technology, Engineering & Math (STEM) 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    100. 100. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    101. 101. Women’s Rights 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    102. 102. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    103. 103. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    104. 104. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    105. 105. Women • “Women hold half the sky” (Mao). • 妇女能顶 半边天 . 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    106. 106. Worse • Women’s Wimbledon Champion Marion Bartoli Deemed “Undeserving Ugly Fat Slut" By Sexists Because She’s Not A Tall Skinny Blonde • http://publicshaming.tumblr.com/post/54864863081/wome • Warning: Foul language 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    107. 107. Worse • BBC presenter, John Inverdale, caused outrage after saying that Marion Bartoli, the women’s singles champion at Wimbledon, wasn't a 'looker'. • http://www.independent .co.uk/voices/comment/ bartoli-brushed-offthose-clumsycomments--so-why- 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    108. 108. Worse Wimbledon exposed the sexism women face – as players and girlfriends http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/jul/09/wimbledon-sexism-womenface-players-girlfriends 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    109. 109. The Problem with Men 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    110. 110. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    111. 111. The Problem with Men 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    112. 112. The Problem with Men 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    113. 113. The Problem with Men 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    114. 114. The Problem with Men 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    115. 115. Not all women are womensensitive. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    116. 116. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    117. 117. Katie Couric Criticized for her make up & wardrobe: huh? 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    118. 118. Great Athlete: Gabriele Douglas Problem with some women: Criticize “bad hair.” Huh??? 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    119. 119. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    120. 120. Remember Rihanna? 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    121. 121. Stereotypes • What are some stereotypes about Islam in general & Muslim women in particular? 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    122. 122. Ancient China •花木蘭 Hua Mulan http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XlgdI88X7XQ http://disneyandmovies.pbworks.com/w/page/17905680/5%20Mulan http://www.nytimes.com/1998/06/19/movies/film-review-a-warrior-she-takes-on-huns-and-stereotypes.html http://heatherjay.wordpress.com/ml-4-dissecting-stereotypes-disneys-mulan/ 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    123. 123. Women Pretend to be Men Why? 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    124. 124. How many women ? How many persons of color ? 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    125. 125. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    126. 126. Unmasking & Unpacking Class Power & Privilege 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    127. 127. Power of the Rich & Famous 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    128. 128. Third Wave • 1 & 2 waves of feminism st nd Focus only on upper middle class white women Dr. Rey Ty 2013
    129. 129. Compared to the Rest of the World Americans Are All the 1% 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    130. 130. Bill Moyers • "Inequality is real, it's personal, it's expensive and it was created. Today, 1% of Americans are taking home nearly 20% of the country's total income and own nearly 35% of the country's wealth. This didn't happen by accident. As former Secretary of Labor Robert Reich explains, we allowed it to happen." 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    131. 131. Fast Food & Big Corporations: Feminization of poverty; Corporate Welfare: Low wages super-size public/welfare cost 1. Fast food workers: 29 years old with children 2. Women of color in retail 3. Workers: $8.69/hour 4. Top 10 Fastfood: $7.4 B profit 5. Combined 7 largest Fast-foods’ CEOs: $53 Million combined total 6. McDonald’s CEO: $13.7 Million 7. 50% workers get $7 Billion 2013 Dr. Rey Ty https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ueQrIZGKi
    132. 132. Rich Women, LGBTQIA, & People of Color Have Power & Privilege 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    133. 133. Unmasking & Unpacking Privilege of People in Rich Countries 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    134. 134. Unmasking & Unpacking Privilege of People in Rich Countries: Be They Female, Male, Straight, LGBTQIA or People of All Colors 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    135. 135. Unpacking & Unmasking Stereotypes of Asian Women & Men 1. Madame Butterfly https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=1woH96ROG-c 2. Miss Saigon https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=5Bq3XMy4RfM 3. M. Butterfly https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g3536iGvPV0 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    136. 136. Think: 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    137. 137. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    138. 138. Unmasking & Unpacking Christian Power & Privilege 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    139. 139. Christian Power & Privilege 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    140. 140. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    141. 141. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    142. 142. u F ! n Reynaldo R. Ty 14th July 2013 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    143. 143. Discrimination against Non-Christians 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    144. 144. Discrimination against Atheists 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    145. 145. When you engage in interfaith work, do you include nonChristians? 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    146. 146. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty http://www.upworthy.com/muslim-america-rocks?c=bl3
    147. 147. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty http://www.upworthy.com/muslim-america-rocks?c=bl3
    148. 148. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    149. 149. Unmasking & Unpacking Straight Power & Privilege 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    150. 150. Definition 1. Sex (female): Biological 2. Gender: Social 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    151. 151. Anti-Gay Russian Policy http://www.mediaite.com/tv/deal-with-the-devil-donald-trump-tells-thomas-robertshis-marriage-still-not-legit/ 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    152. 152. How many sexes are there? 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    153. 153. Gender 1.Women 2.Men 3.LGBTQIA 4.None of the above 5.All of the above 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    154. 154. How many sexes are there? 1. Traditional Female 2. Traditional Male 3. Intersex: Hermaprodite (Herm) 4. Intersex: Ferm 5. Intersex: Merm Between 1 in 1,000 & 1 in 2,000 live births are intersexual Source: Ann Fausto-Sterling. (1993 March/April). Why male & female are not enough. The Sciences. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wgA1vu0_R64 Ty 2013 Dr. Rey
    155. 155. Amnesty International UK: Kuwaiti MPs are outraged that we've dared to speak out against their plans to 'detect' gay and transgender people at their borders, and refuse them entry: http://amn.st/1gni cOI Sorry Kuwait, but there's never justification for discrimination based on who somebody loves. That's just how it is. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    156. 156. Not Only Straight Women LGBTQIA 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    157. 157. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    158. 158. Not Only Straight Women • Lesbian & transgender 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    159. 159. “Radical Lesbian Feminism” • Mary Daly. 1. 1968: The Church & the 2nd Sex. 2. 1973: Beyond God the Father. 3. 1978. Gyn/Ecology: The Metaethics of Radical Feminism. Beacon Press. Christian goddess myths. • Not equality; but women govern men; change power relations 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    160. 160. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    161. 161. Same Love • MTV: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hlVBg7_08n0 • Lesbian proposal https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=wpYEWDW0iZ8 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    162. 162. DOMA Unconstitutional 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    163. 163. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    164. 164. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    165. 165. Some People 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    166. 166. Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Transgender People But Were Afraid To Ask you-always-wanted-to-know-about-transgender-peopl?fb_comment_id=fbc_15805655 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    167. 167. Critique of 1 & 2 Waves st nd • Monolithic, essentialist upper middle class white women 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    168. 168. Who says “skirts” are only for women? 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    169. 169. German Father Joins 5-Year-Old Son's Cross Dressing: Role Model or Misleading? http://www.fashionnstyle.com/a rticles/3060/20120830/germ an-father-5-year-old-soncross-dressing-phototumblr-emma-magazine.htm 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    170. 170. III. Conclusion 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    171. 171. Summary Objectives 1. Analyze politics, ideology, & philosophy of difference: those with power & privilege 2. …and those without 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    172. 172. Importance 1. Race, Class, Gender, Religion & Other Differences 2. Money, power, knowledge Dr. Rey Ty 2013
    173. 173. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    174. 174. Unmasking & Unpacking Degrees of Privilege 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    175. 175. Unmasking & Unpacking • Degrees of Power & Privilege 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Male privilege White privilege White male privilege Upper middle-class white female privilege Straight privilege Rich White straight female & male privilege White straight & LGBTQ F & M people in Rich Countries Privilege Dominant religion privilege Degrees of Whiteness privilege in the whole world Rich people in poor countries Poor people in poor countries Majority privilege (be it Black, White, Male, Abled, etc.) Anthropocentric (or human) privilege over the rest of 2013 Dr. Rey Ty Nature
    176. 176. Persons of Multiple Minority Complex • Hypothetical: Poor Lesbian Other-Abled Minority (Color, Ethnicity & Religion) Woman in a Poor Country 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    177. 177. Paolo Freire • “Washing one’s hands of the conflict between the powerful & the powerless means to side with the powerful, not to be neutral” (cited in Mahé & Covert, p. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty 137)
    178. 178. Problems 1. Capitalist Neoliberal Globalization & International Economic & Financial Crisis 2. Widening rich-poor gap 3. Fear: Anti-terrorism, security, drones, peace movements 4. Xenophobia: undocumented, people of color 5. Islamophobia 6. Plutocracy: Financial oligarchy 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    179. 179. We Need to Work for • Empowerment, mutual respect, mutual benefit, harmony, equality, justice, harmony & peace 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    180. 180. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    181. 181. Tasks Ahead 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    182. 182. People in Struggle 1. Working people & peasants 2. Democratic forces 3. Forces for Progress 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    183. 183. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Struggles Civil liberties, human rights & electoral democracy Peace Rights & full equality of other abled people, women & LGBTQIA Job creation, living wages, education, health care, day care, housing, social security, retirement benefits, nature, family farms & businesses, youth, cultural programs, progressive tax, reduced military spending Curb the power of transnationals 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    184. 184. People in Struggle MF, LGBTQIA, Multiethnic, multi-color unity for full equality & against racism as the core forces of progress, including immigrants, indigenous peoples… 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    185. 185. Social Movements 1. Peace 2. Progress 3. Progressive & democratic religious movements 4. International solidarity 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    186. 186. Solution Need to respect & empower the invisible & oppressed: Poor Old Plain-Looking Short Fat Disabled “Not Normal” “Not-Fashionable” NonFaddish Non-Materialist Non-Christian Women LGBTQIA People of Color NonHuman Animals & Others Who Don’t Have Power & Privilege 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    187. 187. Slavoj Žižek: “…full circle: after abandoning so-called ‘class-struggle essentialism’ for the plurality of anti-racist, feminist, & other struggless, ‘capitalism’ is now clearly re-emerging as the name of the problem” (2012, p. 77). 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    188. 188. Slavoj Žižek: “The problem is not individual corruption or greed, but the system that encourages you to be corrupt. The solution is not ‘Main Street, not Wall Street,” (2012, p. 77) “but to change the system in which Main Street is dependent on Wall Street” (p. 78). 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    189. 189. Act! Howard Zinn: “You never know what spark is going to really result in a conflagration… You have to do things…; you have to light that match, … not knowing how often it’s going to sputter & go out & at what point it’s going to take hold. That’s what happened in the civil-rights movement, & that’s what happens in other movements. Things take a long time. It requires patience, but not a passive patience—the patiences of activism.” Howard Zinn, (2012). The historic unfulfilled promise. San Francisco, CA: City Light Books, p. 11. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    190. 190. Capitalist Reform? Howard Zinn: “…capitalism is an old idea, & one which caused so much misery… We have an educational job to do. We must point out that the only reason capitalism was able to survive in the Western world is that its victims organized—in trade-union movements, in farmers’ movements, in tenants’ movements, in women’s movements, in civil-rights movements—and brought about just enough reforms (the eight-hour day, old-age pensions, higher pay, unemployment insurance, civil-rights laws, women’s suffrage) to stave off revolution & leave capitalism alive, with a surface of great prosperity & a core of economic & cultural sickness.” Howard Zinn, (2012). The historic unfulfilled promise. San Francisco, CA: City Light Books, p. 34. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    191. 191. Starvation & Wars Howard Zinn: “And we must point out that in the era of capitalism, whatever ‘progress’ was made for new middle classes, starvation remained for most of the world, & national rivalries brought the most murderous wars in history.” Howard Zinn, (2012). The historic unfulfilled promise. San Francisco, CA: City Light Books, p. 34. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    192. 192. Organize Glocally! Howard Zinn: “So our job today is to organize, to create a vast movement in our country that can link up with popular movements in other countries of the world.” Howard Zinn, (2012). The historic unfulfilled promise. San Francisco, CA: City Light Books, p. 35. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    193. 193. Democratic Revolution Howard Zinn: “The irresistible popular movements for change in Czechoslovakia, Poland, East Germany, & elsewhere in Eastern Europe, the great populist surges that toppled the Shah in Iran, Ferdinand Marcos in the Philippines, dictatorships in Latin America; the black movement in South Africa, the Palestinian upsurge in the Occupied Territories —all this is evidence of the potential for democratic revolutions everywhere.” Howard Zinn, (2012). The historic unfulfilled promise. San Francisco, CA: City Light Books, p. 35. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    194. 194. Democratic Revolution Howard Zinn: “It should not be impossible to persuade Americans that such a democratic revolution is needed, when wealth is more & more concentrated at the top, when the economy is unhealthy, when we are ridden by homelessness, by frightening violence in our cities, by pervasive drug addiction, by alcoholism, by a deteriorating, poisonous environment —in short, when we show all the signs of a rich but sick society.” Howard Zinn, (2012). The historic unfulfilled promise. San Francisco, CA: City Light Books, p. 35. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    195. 195. From Arms to Ploughshare Howard Zinn: “That agenda is: using the immense wealth that goes each year into the military ($200 billion of the $300 billion, as an arbitrary starting point) & showing in detail how this $200 billion can give us: universal health care, guaranteed housing for everyone, useful work for everyone capable of working, child care for all working mothers, a cleanup of air & water all over the country, subsidies for the arts, a doubling of teachers’ salaries & more.” Howard Zinn, (2012). The historic unfulfilled promise. San Francisco, CA: City Light Books, p. 36. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    196. 196. People, Not Politicians! Howard Zinn: “Our job is not to give (politicians) a blank check or simply be cheerleaders. It was good that we were cheerleaders while (politicians were) running for office, but it’s not good to be cheerleaders now. Because we want the country to go beyond where it has been in the past. We want to make a clean break from what it has been in the past.” Howard Zinn, (2012). The historic unfulfilled promise. San Francisco, CA: City Light Books, p. 230. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    197. 197. Two Parties, Same Thread Howard Zinn: “I had a teacher at Columbia U… name Richard Hofstadter, who wrote a book called The American Political Tradition… he found… that the difference between the liberals & the conservatives, & between Republicans & Democrats, was not a polar difference. There was a common thread that ran through all American history, and all of the presidents—Republican, Democrat, liberal, conservative—followed this thread. The thread consisted of two elements: one, nationalism; and two, capitalism. And Obama is not yet free of that powerful double heritage.” Howard Zinn, (2012). The historic unfulfilled promise. San Francisco, CA: City Light Books, p. 230. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    198. 198. Slavoj Žižek: “…without the form of the Party, the movement remains caught in the vicious cycle of ‘resistance’, one of the big catchwords of ‘postmodern’ politics, which likes to oppose ‘good’ resistance to power to a ‘bad’ revolutionary takeover of power—the last thing we want is the domestication of Anti-globalization into just another ‘site of resistance’ against capitalism” (2002, p. 297). 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    199. 199. What We Want Howard Zinn: “People say, ‘What, are you a dreamer?” And the answer is, yes, we’re dreamers We want it all. We want a peaceful world. We want an egalitarian world. We don’t want war. We don’t want capitalism. We want a decent society.” Howard Zinn, (2012). The historic unfulfilled promise. San Francisco, CA: City Light Books, p. 230. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    200. 200. Help the Banks or People? Howard Zinn: “The banks aren’t poverty-stricken. The CEOs aren’t poverty-stricken. But there are people who are out of work. There are people who can’t pay their mortgages. Let’s take $700 billion & give it directly to the people who need it. Let’s take $1 trillion, let’s take $2 trillion.” Howard Zinn, (2012). The historic unfulfilled promise. San Francisco, CA: City Light 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    201. 201. Money to the People! Howard Zinn: “Let’s take this money & give it directly to the people who need it. Give it to the people who have to pay their mortgages. Nobody should be evicted. Nobody should be left with their belongings out on the street.” Howard Zinn, (2012). The historic unfulfilled promise. San Francisco, CA: City Light Books, p. 232. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    202. 202. Not to Corporations! Howard Zinn: “No— if people need jobs, you don’t give money to the corporations, hoping that maybe jobs will be created. You give people work immediately.” Howard Zinn, (2012). The historic unfulfilled promise. San Francisco, CA: City Light Books, p. 232. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    203. 203. Work for a better future right here right now! 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    204. 204. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    205. 205. References: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Alexander, Michelle. (2010). The New Jim Crow. NY, NY: The New Press. Beauvoir, S. (2011). The second sex. New York: First Vintage Books Edition. All writings by Dr. Phyllis Cunningham. hooks, b. (2000). Feminism is for everybody. NY: South End Press. Merriam, S., Caffarella, R., & Baumgartner, L. (2006). Learning in adulthood: A comprehensive guide. S.F.: Jossey-Bass. Mahé , S. & Covert, K. Democracy. S.F.: Council Oak Books. Tong, R. (2008). Feminist Thought: A More Comprehensive Introduction (3rd ed.). Boulder, CO: Westview Press. Rey Ty’s articles and books, many of which are online. Žižek, S. (2012). The year of dreaming dangerously. Verso: London & New York. Žižek, S. (2002). Revolution at the gates. Verso: London & New York. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    206. 206. Fair Use • In good faith, this work contains fair use of copyrighted and non-copyrighted images from the public domain & the web for non-commercial & nonprofit educational purposes. • This work is distributed free of charge. • The author has neither monetized this work nor sought any profit from its distribution. • Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976: Allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. • This work contains original work of commentary and critical analysis. • Quotations are attributed to the original authors and sources. 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    207. 207. Thank You! 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    208. 208. Thank you! 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    209. 209. Dr. Rey Ty 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    210. 210. Thank You! Dr. Rey Ty Northern Illinois University 2013 Dr. Rey Ty
    211. 211. Session (1) 11:10 AM – 11:40 AM and Session (2) 11:50 AM - 12:20 PM Power & Privilege in U.S. Society: Politics of Class, Color, Religion, Sex, Gender, Fashion, Culture, Age, Ability, Values & Other Differences Dr. Rey Ty, Northern Illinois University Ty 2013 Dr. Rey

    ×