Protection
of Human
Lives in
Armed
Conflict &
Peace
Situation:
Human
Rights &
Laws of War
Dr. Rey Ty
Northern Illinois Uni...
Protection of Human
Lives in Armed Conflict
& Peace Situation:
Human Rights &
Laws of War
Dr. Rey Ty
Northern Illinois Uni...
Protection of Human
Lives in Armed Conflict
& Peace Situation:
Human Rights &
Laws of War
Dr. Rey Ty
Northern Illinois Uni...
Introduction
1. Problem: Atrocity
2. Question: What can be
done to protect human
lives?
3. Objective: To provide
internati...
World War I
History
World War IIHistory
Suffering
History
United Nations
United Nations
1945
Charter
United Nations
1948
Universal
Declaration
of Human
Rights
Human rights are for everyone:
Regardless of
gender, color,
language, religion,
political or other
opinion, national or
so...
Non-Derogable Rights
• Cannot be taken away
1. right to life,
2. right to be free from torture and
other inhumane or degra...
Principles & Norms of
Human Rights Applicable
in Emergency Situation:
Underdevelopment,
Catastrophes, & Armed Conflict
Ste...
Emergency Situations
Stephen Marks
1. In General
2. Force Majeure: Natural Catastrophe
3. Internal Disturbances & Armed
Co...
Everyone is
still entitled to
protection in
situations of
armed
conflict.
International Humanitarian Law
ICRC
Laws of Armed Conflict;
Laws of War
1949 Geneva
Conventions
1. GC 1: In the Field
2. GC 2: At Sea
3. GC 3: POWs
4. GC 4: Civilian Persons
5. Protocol 1 (1977)...
Geneva Conventions &
Protocols
Common Article 2
Geneva Conventions
• GCs apply to
1. All declared
wars.
2. All undeclared
wars.
3. All signatories.
4. Al...
Common Art. 3 Geneva Conventions
• Persons taking no active part in
hostilities, including military persons who
have cease...
1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties
• Article 53: “Treaties conflicting with a
peremptory norm of international ...
Isolated acts of violence Civil War International war
Conspiracy War of liberationPEACE WAR
Jus Cogens & Article 3 Geneva ...
“If you want peace,
work for justice.”
P. Paul VI
(1972 World Day of Peace)
Thank
You!
Reference:
•Karel Vasak & Philip Alston.
The International Dimensions
of Human Rights. Paris:
UNESCO & Westport, CT:
Green...
Fair Use• In good faith, this work contains fair use of
copyrighted and non-copyrighted images
from the public domain & th...
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2013 09-11 Rey Ty Protection of Human Lives in Peace & Armed Conflict Situation: Jus Cogens, Peremptory Norms, & Non-Derogable Rights

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2013 09-11 Rey Ty Protection of Human Lives in Peace & Armed Conflict Situation: Jus Cogens, Peremptory Norms, & Non-Derogable Rights

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2013 09-11 Rey Ty Protection of Human Lives in Peace & Armed Conflict Situation: Jus Cogens, Peremptory Norms, & Non-Derogable Rights

  1. 1. Protection of Human Lives in Armed Conflict & Peace Situation: Human Rights & Laws of War Dr. Rey Ty Northern Illinois University
  2. 2. Protection of Human Lives in Armed Conflict & Peace Situation: Human Rights & Laws of War Dr. Rey Ty Northern Illinois University
  3. 3. Protection of Human Lives in Armed Conflict & Peace Situation: Human Rights & Laws of War Dr. Rey Ty Northern Illinois University
  4. 4. Introduction 1. Problem: Atrocity 2. Question: What can be done to protect human lives? 3. Objective: To provide international-law based guide for action 4. Method: international law
  5. 5. World War I History
  6. 6. World War IIHistory
  7. 7. Suffering
  8. 8. History
  9. 9. United Nations
  10. 10. United Nations 1945 Charter
  11. 11. United Nations 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  12. 12. Human rights are for everyone: Regardless of gender, color, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Young, old, women, men, LGBTQ, poor, rich, majority, minority, & all kinds of abilities.
  13. 13. Non-Derogable Rights • Cannot be taken away 1. right to life, 2. right to be free from torture and other inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment, 3. right to be free from slavery or servitude, 4. right to be free from retroactive application of penal laws. • AKA peremptory norms of international law or jus cogens norms (Art. 53 Vienna Convention). rm.nsf/8fa942046ff7601c85256983007ca4d8/d4dbb9694e5b40da8525751b0077e882?Ope
  14. 14. Principles & Norms of Human Rights Applicable in Emergency Situation: Underdevelopment, Catastrophes, & Armed Conflict Stephen Marks
  15. 15. Emergency Situations Stephen Marks 1. In General 2. Force Majeure: Natural Catastrophe 3. Internal Disturbances & Armed Conflict 4. Conflict Situation & Jus Cogens
  16. 16. Everyone is still entitled to protection in situations of armed conflict.
  17. 17. International Humanitarian Law ICRC Laws of Armed Conflict; Laws of War
  18. 18. 1949 Geneva Conventions 1. GC 1: In the Field 2. GC 2: At Sea 3. GC 3: POWs 4. GC 4: Civilian Persons 5. Protocol 1 (1977): Victims of International Armed Conflict 6. P 2 (1977): Non- International Armed Conflict 7. P 3 (2005): Additional Distinctive Emblem
  19. 19. Geneva Conventions & Protocols
  20. 20. Common Article 2 Geneva Conventions • GCs apply to 1. All declared wars. 2. All undeclared wars. 3. All signatories. 4. All non- signatories.
  21. 21. Common Art. 3 Geneva Conventions • Persons taking no active part in hostilities, including military persons who have ceased to be active as a result of sickness, injury, or detention, should be treated humanely and that the following acts are prohibited: 1. violence to life and person, in particular murder of all kinds, mutilation, cruel treatment and torture; 2. taking of hostages; 3. outrages upon personal dignity, in particular humiliating and degrading treatment; and 4. the passing of sentences and the carrying out of executions without previous judgment pronounced by a regularly constituted court, affording all the judicial guarantees which are recognized as indispensable by civilized peoples. • The wounded and sick shall be collected and cared for.
  22. 22. 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties • Article 53: “Treaties conflicting with a peremptory norm of international law (‘jus cogens’)” •“A treaty is void, if at the time of its conclusion, it conflicts with a peremptory norm of general international law. For the purpose of the present Convention, a peremptory norm of general international law is a norm accepted & recognized by the international community of States as a whole as a norm from which no derogation is permitted & which can be modified only by a subsequent norm of general international law having the same character.”
  23. 23. Isolated acts of violence Civil War International war Conspiracy War of liberationPEACE WAR Jus Cogens & Article 3 Geneva Conventions Violence Jusadbellum&Jusinbello IHRL IH L Source: S. Marks in Vasak, Paris: UNESCO.
  24. 24. “If you want peace, work for justice.” P. Paul VI (1972 World Day of Peace)
  25. 25. Thank You!
  26. 26. Reference: •Karel Vasak & Philip Alston. The International Dimensions of Human Rights. Paris: UNESCO & Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. 1982.
  27. 27. Fair Use• In good faith, this work contains fair use of copyrighted and non-copyrighted images from the public domain & the web for non- commercial nonprofit educational purposes. • This work is distributed free of charge. • The author has neither monetized this work nor sought any profit from its distribution. • This work contains original work of commentary and critical analysis. • Quotations are attributed to the original authors and sources.

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