2012 Rey Ty Student Affairs Practice In Higher Education 2

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2012 Rey Ty Student Affairs Practice In Higher Education 2

  1. 1. Student Affairs Practice inHigher Education Rey Ty Northern Illinois University © 2012 Rey Ty
  2. 2. Source• Fiona J. D. MacKinnon & Associates. (2004). Rentz’ Student Affairs Practice in Higher Education. 3rd Ed. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas Publisher, Ltd. © 2012 Rey Ty
  3. 3. OutlineI. PhilosophyII. HistoryIII. From Admission to EnrollmentIV. Academic AdvisingV. Career ServicesVI. CounselingVII. Discipline & Judicial Affairs Ty © 2012 Rey
  4. 4. OutlineVIII. Multicultural AffairsIX. OrientationX. Residence HallsXI. Student ActivitiesXII. Student Financial AidXIII. Student HealthXIV. Issues in Student Affairs © 2012 Rey Ty
  5. 5. Higher Education Student AffairsI. Philosophical Heritage of Student Affairs © 2012 Rey Ty
  6. 6. I. Philosophical Heritage of Student Affairs A. What is Philosophy 1. What is Philosophy? a. 3 Great Questions 1) Ontology 2) Epistemology 3) Axiology b. Educational Philosophy © 2012 Rey Ty
  7. 7. I. Philosophical Heritage of Student Affairs “Ontology is concerned with the ultimate question of existence” (p. 5).Stan Carpenter, Chapter 1, “The PhilosophicalHeritage of Student Affairs,” pp. 3-26. © 2012 Rey Ty
  8. 8. Areas of ontology, p. 5 Ontology © 2012 Rey TyAnthropology Cosmology Theology Teleology © 2012 Rey Ty
  9. 9. I. Philosophical Heritage of Student Affairs “Cosmology involves the study of the nature and origins of the universe, including questions about time, space, perceptions, and purpose” (p. 5). © 2012 Rey Ty
  10. 10. I. Philosophical Heritage of Student Affairs “Theology considers questions of religion” (p. 5). © 2012 Rey Ty
  11. 11. I. Philosophical Heritage of Student Affairs “Teleology, or the study of purpose in the cosmos, cuts across the other areas mentioned” (p. 5). © 2012 Rey Ty
  12. 12. I. Philosophical Heritage of Student Affairs “Epistemology examines the nature of knowledge itself, sources of knowledge, and the validity of different kinds of knowledge” (p. 5). © 2012 Rey Ty
  13. 13. Epistemology, pp. 5-6 Epistemology © 2012 Rey Ty Authority orEmpiricism Revelation Rationalism Intuition Tradition © 2012 Rey Ty
  14. 14. I. Philosophical Heritage of Student Affairs “Axiology, the third great question of philosophy, concerns values. Values necessitate choices—and choices require evaluating options. What is good? What is beautiful? Individuals, communities, countries, and societies may develop value systems based on their philosophies. When value systems conflict, tension develops” (p. 6). © 2012 Rey Ty
  15. 15. I. Philosophical Heritage of Student Affairs B. Major Philosophical Schools 1. Idealism: (Plato) 2. Realism: (Aristotle) 3. Neo-Thomism: (Faith + Reason) 4. Pragmatism: Empiricist; reject the idea of permanent, unchanging truth 5. Existentialism: Sartre’s “existence precedes essence.” © 2012 Rey Ty
  16. 16. I. Philosophical Heritage of Student Affairs C. Philosophical History of Higher Education -20 Century th Philosophical Influences on U.S. Higher Education © 2012 Rey Ty
  17. 17. I. Philosophical Heritage of Student Affairs D. Educational Philosophy & Student Affairs 1. Student Personnel View Point (1937) 2. Student Personnel View Point (1949) 3. Student Development 4. The “Reasonable Expectations” Statement 5. The “Student Learning Imperative” (SLI) 6. Principles of Good Practice: a) active learning, b) high expectations, c) collaboration, d) effective resource use, e) inquiry-based practice & f) community. 7. Powerful Partnerships 8. The Search for a Student Affairs Philosophy Goes On E. Building a Personal Philosophy of Student Affairs F. Technology Resources © 2012 Rey Ty
  18. 18. I. Philosophical Heritage of Student Affairs 1987 National Association of Student Personnel Administrators (NASPA) Statement 2. Student affairs must not compete with academic mission 3. Importance of a. Whole, unique student b. Involvement in learning c. Importance of college environment d. Personal factors 4. Philosophies a. Not essentialism (cognitive learning only) b. Existentialism: worth & uniqueness of students c. Pragmatism: importance of involvement, environment & diversity © 2012 Rey Ty
  19. 19. II. Student Affairs: AnHistorical PerspectiveA. Colonial Higher Education (1636-1780) 1. Curricular Innovations 2. Women’s Participation in Higher Education 3. Beginnings of Black Institutions © 2012 Rey Ty
  20. 20. II. Student Affairs: AnHistorical PerspectiveB. Focus on Student Learning © 2012 Rey Ty
  21. 21. III. From Admissions to EnrollmentA. AdmissionsB. History of College Admissions 1. Admissions Officer: Gatekeeper or Salesperson 2. Emergence of the Admissions Field 3. Admissions Officer Today © 2012 Rey Ty
  22. 22. III. From Admissions to EnrollmentC. Enrollment Management 1. Definition 2. Evolution 3. Enrollment Management as a Concept a. Resource Dependency Theory b. Systems Theory c. Revenue Theory d. Revenue Maximization e. Enrollment Management as Courtship f. Students as Institutional Image © 2012 Rey Ty
  23. 23. III. From Admissions to EnrollmentD. Enrollment Management (E.M.) as a Process 1. Planning & Research 2. Attracting Applicants & Matriculants 3. Influencing the Collegiate Experience 4. Orientation & Enrollment Management 5. Academic Advising & Enrollment Mgt (E.M.) 6. Course Placement & E. M. 7. Student Retention & E. M. 8. Academic Support Services & E. M. 9. Career Services & E. M. 10. Role of Other Student Affairs Functions in E.M. 11. Faculty Role & E.M. © 2012 Rey Ty
  24. 24. III. From Admissions to EnrollmentE. Organizing for Enrollment Management (E.M.) 1. The Enrollment Management (E.M.) Division 2. E.M. Matrix 3. Role of Student Affairs 4. Ethical Issues 5. Role of Standardized Tests in Admissions 6. Merit-Based Campus Financial Aid 7. College RankingsF. Preparation & Training © 2012 Rey Ty
  25. 25. IV. Academic AdvisingA. Historical DevelopmentB. Institutional ConfigurationsC. DescriptionsD. Models for PracticeE. StaffingF. Application of Student Learning TheoryG. Entry-Level QualificationsH. IssuesI. TechnologyJ. Future Considerations © 2012 Rey Ty
  26. 26. V. Career ServicesA. Historical DevelopmentB. Purpose & GoalsC. Administrative & Organizational Structures 1. Reporting Structure 2. Organizational Models © 2012 Rey Ty
  27. 27. V. Career ServicesD. Types of Services 1. Career Counseling 2. Computer-Assisted Career Guidance Systems 3. Career & Life Planning Courses 4. Educational Programs & Services 5. Occupational & Employer Information Services 6. Campus Recruiting & Other Placement Services 7. Career Days & Job Fairs 8. Cooperative Education & Internships © 2012 Rey Ty
  28. 28. V. Career ServicesE. Technology in Career ServicesF. Qualifications for Career Services EmploymentG. Professional Associations 1. The National Association of Colleges & Employers 2. National Career Development Association 3. Cooperative Education & Internship AssociationH. Challenges Facing Professionals © 2012 Rey Ty
  29. 29. VI. Counseling CentersA. Historical DevelopmentB. DefinitionC. Administration & Organization 1. Administration 2. Financial Support 3. Physical Facilities 4. TechnologyD. Programs & ServicesE. StaffingF. ModelsG. Professional DevelopmentH. Role & Application of Student Development Theory & Student Learning ImperativeI. Issues & TrendsJ. Technology Resources © 2012 Rey Ty
  30. 30. VII. Discipline & Judicial Affairs A. History B. Definition 1. Authority 2. Extent of Institutional Jurisdiction 3. Due Process 4. Constitutional Protections of Student Rights 5. Student Misconduct: Sources & Responses C. Administration & Organization D. Discipline & Student Development Theory E. Current Issues 1. Balancing Legal Rights & Educational Purposes 2. Demands for More Supervision of Students 3. Ongoing Concerns about Academic Misconduct 4. Disciplinary Counseling 5. Hate Speech F. Professional Associations G. Future of Judicial Affairs 1. Changing Legal & Legislative Environment 2. Continuing Need for Program Evaluation 3. Search for Common Values 4. The Profession & the Discipline 5. Student Discipline, the Core Curriculum & Liberal Education © 2012 Rey Ty
  31. 31. VIII. Multicultural AffairsA. Culture & MulticulturalismB. Blessings & Challenges of DiversityC. Racial/Ethnic Minorities: Diversity within Underrepresented Ethnic GroupsD. History of Underrepresented Ethnic Groups in U.S. Higher Education 1. African Americans 2. Asian Pacific Americans 3. Hispanic/Latino/Latina Americans 4. Native AmericanE. Minority Student Services & Multicultural Affairs 1. Professional Standards 2. Expansion of Services a. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Students (LGBT) b. International Students c. Religious DiversityF. Minority and/or Multicultural CentersG. Addressing Multicultural Issues Throughout Student Affairs 1. Implemented a Cultural Environment Transitions Model 2. Becoming a Cultural Broker © 2012 Rey Ty
  32. 32. A. IX. Orientation HistoryB. Definition, Purpose & GoalsC. Changing Student NeedsD. Program Models 1. Pre-Enrollment or Orientation Model 2. Freshman Day or Week Model 3. Freshman Course ModelE. StaffingF. Effective ProgramG. Serving StudentsH. Trends & Recommendations for Practice © 2012 Rey Ty
  33. 33. X. Residence HallsA. HistoryB. Mission & PurposeC. Administration & OrganizationD. Staffing PatternsE. Program ServicesF. Applying Student Development 1. Cognitive Learning 2. Emotional & Moral Discipline 3. Practical Competence• Influence of Residence Hall on Students• Legal Issues: Fire & Safety Procedures, Physical Facilities, Duty to Warn Victims of a Threat, Program Supervision• Professional Associations• Future: Community Development, Technology & Academic Support, Program Development & Student Learning Experiences, Financial/ Services/ Facilities/ Staffing & Leadership Challenges © 2012 Rey Ty
  34. 34. XI. Student Activities• History• Mission & Purpose• Definition, Need, & Purpose• Administration• Student Development & Student Activities• Programs: Student Government, Student Organization Services, Greek Letter Social Organizations (Greek Affairs), Student Union Activities, Multicultural Programming, Leadership Development, Volunteer Activities• Student Activities Issues & Trends: Changing Demographics: Adult Learners, LGBT, Students with Disabilities, International Students, Legal Issues, Funding Issues• Professional Associations © 2012 Rey Ty
  35. 35. XII. Student Financial Aid• History• Philosophy & Purpose• Definition, Need, & Purpose• Student Aid Programs: Federal, Loans, Campus Based Programs, Eligibility• Administering Student Aid: Sound Financial Aid Practice, Responsibilities & Roles, Structure & Staffing, Technology• Professional Development: Professional Associations• Issues & Trends: Escalating Costs, Student Aid Now, Abrogation of Mission © 2012 Rey Ty
  36. 36. XIII. Student HealthA. HistoryB. MissionC. Administrative Structure & StaffingD. Emerging IssuesE. Health Care ReformF. AccreditationG. Campus Health Promotion: Integrating Wellness Concepts into Student Health ServicesH. Additional Services & Concerns © 2012 Rey Ty
  37. 37. XIV. Issues in Student Affairs • Working toward Social Justice in Student Affairs: Call for a Social Justice Orientation within the Student Affairs Profession • Educator Role in Student Affairs • Teaching & Learning Domains in Student Affairs • Professionalism in Student Affairs © 2012 Rey Ty
  38. 38. SummaryI. PhilosophyII. HistoryIII. From Admission to EnrollmentIV. Academic AdvisingV. Career ServicesVI. CounselingVII. Discipline & Judicial Affairs Ty © 2012 Rey
  39. 39. SummaryVIII. Multicultural AffairsIX. OrientationX. Residence HallsXI. Student ActivitiesXII. Student Financial AidXIII. Student HealthXIV. Issues in Student Affairs © 2012 Rey Ty
  40. 40. Reference• Fiona J. D. MacKinnon & Associates. (2004). Rentz’ Student Affairs Practice in Higher Education. 3rd Ed. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas Publisher, Ltd. © 2012 Rey Ty
  41. 41. Student Affairs Practice inHigher Education Rey Ty Northern Illinois University © 2012 Rey Ty

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