1 Rey Ty Culture Shock 2006 Armm


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  • One more thing to think about: the same thing happens when you go home!
  • Time to pause and consider:
  • Let us make a careful distinction between these two terms.
  • 1 Rey Ty Culture Shock 2006 Armm

    1. 1. Asalam Alaikum MABUYAY! Shalom! Greetings of Peace! Rey
    2. 2. How was your trip? Enough sleep?
    3. 3. U.S. vs. Philippine Cultures Rey Ty
    4. 4. My Origins <ul><li>Father </li></ul><ul><li>Mother </li></ul><ul><li>Born & Raised </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in </li></ul><ul><li>Travel </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Leyte </li></ul><ul><li>Chinatown, Manila </li></ul><ul><li>Quezon City; Paris, France; Berkeley, U.S.A.; DeKalb </li></ul><ul><li>Asia (Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, HK, Indonesia, India, Japan, Malaysia, Pakistan, Taiwan, Singapore, Thai) </li></ul><ul><li>Europe (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Luxemburg, Monaco, Spain, Switzerland, UK) </li></ul><ul><li>Americas (Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Mexico, U.S.) </li></ul>
    5. 5. I HAVE BEEN TO: Lanao del Sur Maguindanao
    6. 6. <ul><li>Lumad Communities </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Northern Mindanao </li></ul><ul><li>Bukidnon, </li></ul><ul><li>Camiguin, </li></ul><ul><li>Misamis Oriental </li></ul>
    8. 8. Central Mindanao North Cotabato South Cotabato
    9. 9. Western Mindanao Lanao del Norte, Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur
    10. 10. Southern Mindanao Davao Davao del Norte Davao del Sur
    11. 11. Enculturation process of learning the culture of your birth
    12. 12. Acculturation process of learning a culture different from your native culture
    13. 13. TAKE YOUR OWN PHOTOS <ul><li>We will take official photographs </li></ul><ul><li>Please take your own photos with your cameras </li></ul>
    14. 14. U.S. Cultures <ul><li>Dominant Western-European-American Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Minority Cultures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>African American, Native American </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asian American, Latino </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Subcultures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gothic, 50s, 60s, Punk </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alternative Culture or Counter-Culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental, Pro-Labor, Generic, Prosumer, Anti-war </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Suppressed or Minoritized Cultures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Homeless, People with HIV/AIDS, orphans, youthful offenders… </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Dominant or Mainstream US Culture “ Middle Class” Protestant Psychology of Abundance
    16. 16. Minorities in USA Today 12% African American 13% Latinos (Hispanic) 4% Asian and Pacific Islanders 1% Native American
    17. 20. DIVERSITY
    18. 22. COURTESY
    19. 23. DIGNITY <ul><li>There is dignity in all work: manual, mental and all. </li></ul><ul><li>Factory work, university work, grocery work, restaurant work </li></ul><ul><li>Garbage collectors, custodians, & chambermaids might earn more money than professors! </li></ul>
    20. 24. RESPECT <ul><li>Treat everyone with respect. </li></ul><ul><li>Treat others as you want to be treated. </li></ul>
    21. 25. NON-DISCRIMINATION <ul><li>Treat people of all colors equally: black, brown , white… </li></ul><ul><li>Treat people of different incomes equally: poor, middle class, rich </li></ul><ul><li>Treat people of all professions equally: drivers, janitors, custodians, professors, waitresses, directors, secretaries </li></ul>
    22. 26. GREET <ul><li>Greet everyone who you work with or who works with you or for you </li></ul><ul><li>Drivers, secretaries, instructors, waiters, waitresses </li></ul>
    23. 27. 4 MINIMUM WORDS <ul><li>1. Hi! </li></ul><ul><li>2. Please… </li></ul><ul><li>3. Thanks! </li></ul><ul><li>4. Bye! </li></ul>
    24. 28. SAY… <ul><li>SAY “HELLO” TO JOCELYN & OTHER STAFF MEMBERS IN THE HOTEL </li></ul><ul><li>GREET & THANK DRIVERS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chris, Chuck, Reid, & Ron </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SAY THANK YOU (OR “YOU’RE WELCOME”) WHEN PEOPLE THANK YOU </li></ul>
    25. 29. CROSSING THE STREET <ul><li>Do not jaywalk </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure the light for pedestrians is green. </li></ul><ul><li>When crossing a pedestrian lane, first, turn your head left & look left, then wave a “thank you” sign or say “thank you”, cross carefully, and turn your head right and look right, then make a “thank you” sign, and cross carefully. </li></ul>
    26. 30. FIRST BRUSH W/ U.S. CULTURE <ul><li>FIGHT IN THE CAFETERIA </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT TO DO? </li></ul>
    27. 31. Months Living in New Culture 1 2 3 4 5 6 Acceptance of New Culture High Low Stages of Culture Shock Daniels & Radebaugh, Int’l Business Frustration Understanding Elation
    28. 32. Sources of Problems in Communication <ul><li>Language differences </li></ul><ul><li>Nonverbal patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Stereotypes </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation of behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Stress </li></ul>
    29. 33. Culture Shock <ul><li>Culture shock is the process of adjusting to a new country and a new culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Stages of Culture Shock: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Preliminary:Preparation, Excitement </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spectator: Honeymoon, Fascination, Euphoria </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shock: Irritability, Hostility, Depression, Sadness </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Acculturation: Understanding and Adjustment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Integration and Acceptance </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reverse Culture Shock: Re-Entry </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    30. 35. Clash of Cultures?
    31. 36. Implications for Us <ul><li>Be conscious of your own nonverbal behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid judging student’s behavior by your values </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize that the learning environment in the U.S. may differ from what the you are accustomed to </li></ul>
    32. 37. SYMPTOMS OF CULTURE SHOCK <ul><li>Physical Emotional </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to sleep Homesickness </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive sleeping Irritability </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic fatigue Boredom </li></ul><ul><li>Head- or backaches Anger </li></ul><ul><li>Weight gain or loss Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent illness Low self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Skin rashes Arrogance </li></ul><ul><li>Substance abuse Hypercriticality </li></ul><ul><li>Compulsive behaviors Withdrawal </li></ul>
    33. 38. Cultural Orientations <ul><li>Culture Shock - the disorientation that people experience when they come into contact with a different culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnocentrism - the tendency to use one’s own culture as a yardstick for judging the ways of other societies. </li></ul><ul><li>It can create in group loyalties or lead to harmful discrimination. </li></ul>
    34. 39. Inter-Cultural Miscommunication <ul><li>Problem is not due to lack of goodwill. </li></ul><ul><li>Problem is that meaning is not contained in words or actions alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Message is interpreted by the receiver. </li></ul><ul><li>At times non-verbal communication can be misinterpreted </li></ul>
    35. 40. Are we stereotyping? Stop!
    36. 41. Generalizing vs. Stereotyping
    37. 42. Understanding the U.S. Culture <ul><li>Characteristics considered as “typically American”: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Individuality </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Independence & Self-reliance </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Honesty & Frankness </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Competitiveness </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Measuring Success </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>                                                             
    38. 43. Social Customs Greetings Use of Names Friendliness & Friendships
    39. 44. Greetings <ul><li>Formal Greetings: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;How do you do&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Good morning&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Good afternoon,&quot; & &quot;Good evening&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Usually people will simply say: </li></ul><ul><li> &quot;Hi&quot; or &quot;Hello “ or “What’s up?” or “Howdy?” </li></ul>
    40. 45. Use of Names <ul><li>It is acceptable to use the first name of someone approximately of your same age or younger. </li></ul><ul><li>You should say &quot;Mr.&quot; (for men) or &quot;Ms.&quot; (for women) and the person's last name when talking to people in positions of authority. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not be shy to ask people how they would like you to call them. </li></ul>
    41. 46. Social Invitations <ul><li>An invitation is not firm unless a time and place is set. </li></ul><ul><li>If you have accepted an invitation or if a meeting has been set, Americans usually expect you to arrive at the agreed location at the right time. </li></ul>
    42. 47. ATTITUDES 1 Ethnocentric 3 Cosmopolitan 2 Romantic
    43. 48. As you try to become familiar with the new culture, keep the following in mind….
    44. 49. Do not travel with misconceptions!
    45. 50.   Do not be judgmental. Residence Halls
    46. 51. Keep an open mind. Be sensitive to new culture cues you will be receiving.                                                                                                                                      
    47. 52. Take a positive attitude & open mind with you
    48. 53. Explore DeKaIb & Chicago!!! Strive to know as much as you can…
    49. 54. However, IN ORDER NOT TO CROSS ETHICAL BOUNDARIES… <ul><li>Inform others about your religious or dietary restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>pro-actively (best) or </li></ul><ul><li>reactively (too late?) </li></ul>
    50. 55. END
    52. 57. Reference <ul><li>Davide-Ong, L. (2006). Pre-Departure Orientation: Getting for Your Visit to the U.S.A. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University International Training Office. </li></ul><ul><li>Hofstede, G. (2003). Culture's Consequences: Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions and Organizations Across Nations . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. </li></ul><ul><li>Sarah A. Lanier (2000). Foreign to Familiar . Clarkesville, GA: McDougal Publishing. </li></ul>