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Smoking cessation

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Smoking cessation

  1. 1. Smoking Cessation: Patient Education Guidelines Reynel Dan L. Galicinao, BSN, RN
  2. 2. CIGARETTE SMOKING
  3. 3. • The single most preventable cause of death and disability today• Related to about 30% of all cancer deaths• The leading risk factor for coronary artery disease and emphysema
  4. 4. • Smoking can lead to: – More dental problems – Premature aging of the skin – Increased acid in the stomach – Decreased exercise tolerance – Loss of taste bud function – Problems with pregnancy and fetal growth – More frequent respiratory infections – Bad breath
  5. 5. Smoking cessation will reverse most ofthese risks and allow you to breathe more easily and feel better.
  6. 6. PLAN TO QUIT
  7. 7. • Make a list of all the positive things and all the negative things about smoking• Consider the short- and long-term health risks on your list• Talk to your health care provider about reducing withdrawal symptoms and cravings for a cigarette – Nicotine chewing gum, nasal spray, or skin patch to aid your stop smoking program
  8. 8. • Oral medications that do not contain nicotine are also available by prescription• Talk to family and friends and form a support network of people who have quit smoking• Set a date to quit and dont make excuses
  9. 9. • Stock up on low-calorie treats to enjoy when the urge to smoke hits – raw vegetables, sugarless gum, popcorn, and sugar-free soft drinks• Remove the following from your home, car, and office – Ashtrays, Cigarettes – Matches, Lighters
  10. 10. STICK WITH IT
  11. 11. • Avoid smoky environments – Bars, coffee shops, smoking section of restaurants• Restructure your routine to eliminate times you previously enjoyed a cigarette• Anticipate feeling irritable for several days to several weeks while quitting• Avoid stressful situations
  12. 12. • Increase exercise to relieve tension – walking, biking, or sporting activities• Fill free time• Concentrate on healthy activity• Occupy your hands – with modeling clay, knitting, doodling, or a craft project
  13. 13. • Brush your teeth often to enjoy fresher breath.• Reward yourself for not smoking.
  14. 14. TRY, TRY AGAIN
  15. 15. • If you start smoking again, do not be discouraged• Many people are successful the second time around• Review and revise your plan and pick a new quit date
  16. 16. • For more information on smoking-cessation programs, contact: – American Cancer Society: www.cancer.org – American Heart Association: www.americanheart.org – American Lung Association: www.lungusa.org.

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