Psychological Changes of Pregnancy Reynel Dan L. Galicinao
A woman‟s attitude toward a pregnancy depends a great deal on psychological aspects: • The environment in which she was raised • The messages about pregnancy her family communicated to her as a child
• The society and culture in which she lives as an adult• Whether the pregnancy came at a good time in her life
Psychological Changes ofPregnancy• Social Influences• Cultural Influences• Family Influences
In the past: Today: • The pregnancy was • Our society view conveyed as a 9- pregnancy as a time month-long illness of health • The pregnant woman • Women bring their went alone to a families for prenatal physician‟s office for care care
In the past: Today:• At the time of birth, • Instead of general she was separated anesthetics to “sleep from her family and through” labor and admitted to a hospital birth, they are urged to actively participate in• She was hospitalized the experience in seclusion from visitors and even • Birthing rooms and from the new baby for family-centered care a week afterward helped involved families in childbirth
• The couple‟s outlook about pregnancy and childbirth are affected by: Their cultural background Their personal experiences Experiences of friends and relatives Current public philosophy of childbirth
• People‟s opinion about the following have changed: Adolescent pregnancy “Late in life” pregnancy Lesbian pregnancy
• Nurses can make pregnancy and childbirth more enjoyable for clients and their families by: Informing women about their new health care options Continuing to work with other health care providers to “demedicalize” childbirth
• Certain cultural beliefs and taboos may place restrictions on a woman‟s behavior and activities regarding her pregnancy• During prenatal visit, ask the woman and her partner if there is anything they believe that should or should not be done to make the pregnancy successful and keep the baby healthy.
• Examples: Lifting your arms over your head during pregnancy will cause the cord to twist. Watching a lunar eclipse will cause birth deformities
• Listen to such “tell tales” to show respect for the person‟s beliefs, but encourage the woman to ask her health care provider to find out if there is any substance to them.
Positive Influence• Woman and her siblings were loved and seen as a pleasant outcome of a happy marriage• Pregnancy is natural and simple Positive attitude toward her pregnancy
Negative Influence• Woman and her siblings were seen as intruders or were blamed for the break-up of a marriage• Excruciating pain and endless suffering in labor• “If you hadn‟t come along: I could have had gone to college.” I could have had a career.”
• „People love as they have been loved.‟• If a woman had difficulty loving others because she has not received love, she may worry that she will have difficulty loving and accepting the fetus growing within her
• To mother her baby well, she should be able to feel pleasurable anticipation at the prospect of rearing a child.• Becoming a mother is a second adjustment above and beyond being pregnant• The mother who views mothering as a positive activity is more likely to be pleased when she becomes pregnant than one who devalues mothering