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Knowthyself

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Knowthyself

  1. 1. Know thy self! Teen's Search for Identity
  2. 2. Objectives  Introduce the concept of adolescent identity  Present the general theories on adolescent identity as a tool in understanding one's self  Integrate one’s knowledge to become an empowered individual with the strong sense of commitment and purpose
  3. 3. Who am I? ) Now complete this statement.. 1. I am __________________ . 2. I am __________________ . 3. I am __________________ . 10. I am __________________ .
  4. 4. Self-concept  A person's answer to the question “Who am I?”  Self-schemas – specific beliefs by which you define yourself. Schemas are mental templates by which we organize our world.  Possible Selves – our visions of the self we dream of becoming. It also include the self we fear becoming.
  5. 5. Identity  the distinguishing character of the individual: who each of us is, what our roles are, and what we are capable of.  personality  self  uniqueness  career choice
  6. 6. Five most common ways in which teens demonstrate their struggles with identity  Through status symbols. Adolescents try to establish themselves through prestige — wearing the right clothes, having the right possessions, from fashion accessories to mobile phones. These symbols help form teen identities by expressing affiliation with specific groups.
  7. 7. Five most common ways in which teens demonstrate their struggles with identity  Through forbidden behaviors. Teens often feel that appearing mature will bring recognition and acceptance. They begin engaging in practices they associate with adulthood — tabooed pleasures — such as smoking, drinking, drugs and sexual activity.
  8. 8. Five most common ways in which teens demonstrate their struggles with identity  Through rebellion. Rebellion demonstrates separation. Teens can show that they differentiate themselves from parents and authority figures, while maintaining the acceptance of their peers.
  9. 9. Five most common ways in which teens demonstrate their struggles with identity  Through idols. Celebrities may become “models” for teens who are looking for a way of experimenting with different roles. They may identify with a known figure, trying to become like that person, and in effect, losing hold of their own identities. This identification with a well known personality gives teens a sense of belonging.
  10. 10. Five most common ways in which teens demonstrate their struggles with identity  Through cliquish exclusion. Teens often can be intolerant in their exclusion of their peers. Since they are constantly trying to define and redefine themselves in relation to others, they do not want to be associated with anyone having unacceptable or unattractive characteristics. They try to strengthen their own identities by excluding those who are not like themselves.
  11. 11. Adolescence  the period from the onset of puberty until the beginning of adulthood.  the developmental stage between childhood and adulthood.  characterized major physical, social, cognitive transitions.
  12. 12. Adolescence A time of both disorientation and discovery, adolescence describes the teenage years between 13 and 19. No longer children but not yet adults, adolescents struggle with issues of independence and self-identity. Peer groups and external appearance tend to increase in importance.
  13. 13. You are here!
  14. 14. Erikson's Stage Developmental Stage Characteristics
  15. 15. What are my roles?  as a son/daughter of my parents  as a brother/sister to my siblings  as a student  to others.. friends, opposite-sex, to the society
  16. 16. Strong identity to adolescence:  having a strong sense of trust in infancy  autonomy in toddlerhood  ability to play as a preschooler years  solid work ethic in the elementary school years
  17. 17. by Donald Super
  18. 18. Four Identity Statuses by James Marcia
  19. 19.  Dimension one is "commitment." People high on commitment have a firm sense of who they are and feel strongly about the choices they have made. People low in identity commitment have an uncertain sense of self.
  20. 20. Four Identity Statuses by James Marcia
  21. 21.  Dimension two is "exploration." If you are high on the exploration dimension, you are actively questioning your sense of self and looking for ways to come to a decision.
  22. 22. Four Identity Statuses by James Marcia A person has explored alternative paths and made a commitment. Ex. An individual might examined a number of careers over an extended period of time and decided to pursue one wholeheartedly.
  23. 23. Four Identity Statuses by James Marcia A person has not yet explored meaningful alternatives and has not yet begun to explore different career options and personal values.
  24. 24. Four Identity Statuses by James Marcia A person is exploring alternative paths but has not yet made a commitment. Ex. College students – choice of career.
  25. 25. Four Identity Statuses by James Marcia A person makes a commitment to an identity before exploring various options. Ex. An adolescent might say that she wants to be a architect because that what her parents wants to be, rather than exploring career options and then deciding on her own to be a architect.
  26. 26. For each question, pick the choice that is closest to the way you feel right now. 1. Politics is something that: a. I can never be too sure about because things change so fast. But I do think it's important to know what I can politically stand for and believe in. b. I haven't really considered because it doesn't excite me much. c. I feel pretty much the same way as my family. I follow what they do in terms of voting and such. d. I have thought through. I realize I can agree with some and not other aspects of what my family believes.
  27. 27. For each question, pick the choice that is closest to the way you feel right now. 2. When it comes to religion, a. I'm not sure what religion means to me. I'd like to make up my mind but I'm not done looking yet. b. I don't give religion much thought and it doesn't bother me one way or the other. c. I've gone through a period of serious questions about faith and can now say I understand what I believe in as an individual. d. I've never really questioned my religion. If it's right for my family it must be right for me.
  28. 28. For each question, pick the choice that is closest to the way you feel right now. 3. Regarding my career choice a. I haven't really settled on a career and I'm just taking whatever jobs are available until something good comes along. b. I'm still trying to decide where my career interests lie and actively thinking about what jobs will be right for me. c. I thought a little about my career, but there's never really any question since my parents said what they wanted for me. d. It took me a while to figure it out, but now I really know that I am on the right career path.
  29. 29. For each question, pick the choice that is closest to the way you feel right now. 4. With regard to men's and women's roles: a. my views are identical to those of my family. What has worked for them will obviously work for me b. I've never really seriously considered men's and women's roles. It just doesn't seem to concern me. c. I've spent some time thinking about men's and women's roles and I've decided what works best for me. d. There are so many ways to define men's and women's role; I'm trying to decide what will work for me.
  30. 30. Politics: a= Moratorium b= Diffuse c=Foreclosed d=Achieved Religion: a= Moratorium b= Diffuse c= Achieved d= Foreclosed Career: a= Diffuse b= Moratorium c= Foreclosed d= Achieved Gender Role: a= Foreclosed b= Diffuse c=Achieved 4= Moratorium
  31. 31. 9-Step Success Process:Teens Can Make It Happe by Stedman Graham Step 1. Know Yourself Explore your identity. Find out who you really are. Success depends upon self-awareness.
  32. 32. To know yourself is the fi and most important, step the process of pursuing yo dreams and goals. Reality Check: Who Are You? 1. Who are the type of people you most admire? Why? 2. If you could be like anyone, who would it be? Why? 3. What makes you happy? 4. What makes you sad? 5. What are the three things you are most afraid of, and why?
  33. 33. 9-Step Success Process:Teens Can Make It Happe by Stedman Graham Step 2. Create Your Vision A well-defined vision enables you to make meaningful, realistic goals for your personal life.
  34. 34. Your talents are your gift When you express those gift the world opens up to you Building on Pleasures and Talents 1. What do you like doing most? Why? 2. What gives your life meaning? When do you feel most energized, alive? 3. What do you look forward to doing more than anything else?
  35. 35. 9-Step Success Process:Teens Can Make It Happe by Stedman Graham Step 3. Develop Your Plans Create a plan of action that allows you to work toward your goals.
  36. 36. 9-Step Success Process:Teens Can Make It Happe by Stedman Graham Step 4. Set Rules You need guidelines to keep you on track, such characteristics as honesty, trust, hard work, determination, and a positive attitude.
  37. 37. 9-Step Success Process:Teens Can Make It Happe by Stedman Graham Step 5. Take Risks Make the leap. To grow, you have to leave your comfort zone. Remember, risk is a natural part of life; staying the same is standing still, and change (growth) means risk.
  38. 38. 9-Step Success Process:Teens Can Make It Happe by Stedman Graham Step 6. Accept Change If you keep doing what you’ve always done, you’ll get the same results.
  39. 39. 9-Step Success Process:Teens Can Make It Happe by Stedman Graham Step 7. Build Your Dream Team Build supportive relationships with mentors and peers who can help you toward your goals.
  40. 40. 9-Step Success Process:Teens Can Make It Happe by Stedman Graham Step 8. Win by a Decision What you are in this world is the result of the decisions you’ve made so far in your life. The choices you make now will be one of your greatest challenges. Consider carefully how they will impact your personal life, family, profession and career, and, of course, your long-term vision.
  41. 41. 9-Step Success Process:Teens Can Make It Happe by Stedman Graham Step 9. Commit to Your Vision Put all your energy and effort into achieving your goals. Enthusiasm and commitment generate excellence, and that leads to success. The challenge is to develop the ability to coexist with the world as it changes, never giving in and never giving up.
  42. 42. A Teenager's Prayer by J. Morse Each day brings new beginnings Decisions I must make I am the only one to choose The road that I will take
  43. 43. A Teenager's Prayer by J. Morse I can choose to take the road of life That leads to great success Or travel down the darkened road That leads to great distress
  44. 44. A Teenager's Prayer by J. Morse Please open up my eyes, dear Lord That I might clearly see Help me stand for what is right Bring out the best in me
  45. 45. A Teenager's Prayer by J. Morse Help, Lord, to just say "no" When temptation comes my way That I might keep my body clean And fit for life each day
  46. 46. A Teenager's Prayer by J. Morse When my teenage years are over I know that I will see That life is lived its very best With you walking next to me.
  47. 47. A Teenager's Prayer by J. Morse Amen.
  48. 48. Thank you!  Reynante S. Tagum  High School Life Coach  Don Bosco Technical College – Mandaluyong City  0922.554.5115  reynantetagum@yahoo.com
  49. 49. Reference Are You Having an Identity Crisis? 4 key ways to Identify your Identity. Published on March 3, 2012 by Susan Krauss Whitbourne, Ph.D. in Fulfillment at Any Age. http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/fulfillment-any-age/201203/are-you-having-identity-crisis (Accessed May 2012). Bellows, Amy. Your Teen’s Search for Identity. http://www.psychcentral.com/lib/2007/your-teenssearch-for-identity/ (Accessed May 2012). Feldman, Robert S. (2009). Understanding Psychology. 9th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies. Graham, Stedman (2000). Nine Steps to Success: Teens Can Make It Happen. New York: GrahamWilliams Group. Lahey, Benjamoin B. (2009). Psychology: An Introduction. 10th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies. Myer, David G. (2008). Social Psychology. 9th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies. Psych Basics: Adolescence. http://www.psychologytoday.com/basics/adolescence (Accessed May 2012).

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