Transpo2

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Transpo2

  1. 1. TRANSPORTATION AND THE AVIATION INDUSTRY (Part 2) Prepared by: Ma'am L
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES    Illustrate examples on the different modes of transportation Identify the influence of political positions on transportation for tourism Analyze the issues and trends that will have impacts upon transportation for tourism
  3. 3. MAJOR MODES OF TRANSPORTATION RAIL  ROAD  WATER  AIR 
  4. 4. RAILWAY
  5. 5. ROAD – travelling by car
  6. 6. ROAD travelling by bus/coach
  7. 7. ROAD travelling by cycling
  8. 8. Travelling on foot
  9. 9. WATER
  10. 10. AIR
  11. 11. POLITICAL INFLUENCES  Border control  Need for visa and transit visa  Custom control  Government Regulations Processing points:  Rail and road – Place of border control  Sea and land – Port  Air transport – Airport terminal
  12. 12. FUTURE TRENDS 1. Efficiency  Yield management  Computerized Reservation Systems (CRS)  Hub – and – spoke systems  Air congestion
  13. 13. 2. Globalization and integration  Star Alliance (Thai, Air Canada, United, Lufthansa, SAS)  Integrate products and connecting services  Offer common check-in and reservation services  Share airport lounge services  Share marketing, communication and rewards services
  14. 14. 3. Environmental Policies   Tourism’s contribution to global warming: 4 – 10% worldwide Air transport accounts for 3.5% of global carbon dioxide  Population taxation  Aviation fuel should not be zero rated for VAT  Increase in airport charges

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