Transpo1

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Transpo1

  1. 1. TRANSPORTATION AND THE AVIATION INDUSTRY (Part 1) Prepared by: Ma'am L
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES  Conceptualize transport and tourism  Identify the different modes of Transportation  Identify the components of a transport system  Explain the factors that affect visitor's choice of mode of transport
  3. 3. TRANSPORTATION Fundamental component; a sector in the tourism industry  P recondition f or travel; The means to reach the destination  Frequently neglected in tourism analysis  A necessary means of movement at the destination 
  4. 4. CONCEPTUALIZING TRANSPORT AND TOURISM TWO BASIC APPROACHES IN THE ANALYSIS OF TRANSPORTATION FOR TOURISM: Transport for tourism  Transport as tourism 
  5. 5. COMPONENTS OF A TRANSPORT SYSTEM The way  The terminal  The vehicle  The motive power 
  6. 6. THE WAY     The medium of travel over which the vehicle operates Could be purely artificial (roads and railways) or natural (air or water) Roads, railways, air and sea vs. road The availability of the way is very important and requires unscheduled delays
  7. 7. THE TERMINAL    Public transport terminal give the passenger access to the vehicle Act as an interchange between different modes of transport Airport: the most complex terminal
  8. 8. Continuation...    The design and the amenities offered depend heavily upon the type of journey and mode of transportation involved as the length of time spent at the terminal Air require longest visit Basic requirements: toilet facilities, light refreshments, other retail activity
  9. 9. THE VEHICLE  Facilitates the travel  Nature of vehicles affected by factors: Travel demand Technological developments
  10. 10. THE MOTIVE POWER The key element in transportation development     Horse-drawn carriages Steam power (Steam ships and railways) Internal combustion engine (road and road transportation) Jet propulsion (air transportation)
  11. 11. FACTORS THAT AFFECT VISITOR'S CHOICE OF MODE OF TRANSPORT:  Distance and travel time  Status and comfort   Safety and utility Range of services offered  Frequency of service  Convenience  Reliability
  12. 12. MAJOR MODES OF TRANSPORTATION RAIL  ROAD  WATER  AIR 
  13. 13. RAILWAY     Existed because of the need to move goods and people from one region to another Prime movers of leisure, linked with the rise of seaside resorts Mode of transportation for public use Popular in most developed countries (Singapore, Europe, Japan)
  14. 14. REASONS WHY TRAVEL BY TRAIN:  Safety  Ability to look out of the train and see en route  Ability to move around the coach  Personal comfort  Environmentally-friendly form of transport
  15. 15. ROAD  Travelling by car  Travelling by bus  Cycling  Tourists on foot
  16. 16. ROAD – travelling by car    Invented in Germany but became America's obsession Widely neglected in tourism because it is an accepted part of everyday life and impactc is overlooked Could be rented or owned
  17. 17. REASONS WHY TRAVEL BY CAR  Control of the route and stops en route  Control of departure times  Ideal capacity for families  Privacy  Low perceived cost  Freedom to use the vehicle once the destination is reached
  18. 18. ROAD travelling by bus/coach TYPES OF BUS SERVICE  Tour  Special services  Commuter Service / Scheduled coaches  Airport Service / Shuttle service
  19. 19. ROAD travelling by cycling  Mountain bike tours in distant countries  Cycling in rural destinations where there are suitable trails  Eco-friendly form of transportation
  20. 20. ROAD travelling on foot  Hiking and trekking  Existence of sight jogging  Healthy form of transportation
  21. 21. WATER - CRUISE SHIP  The only possible transportation in case of remote islands which have no airport. EX: Greece has 15 airports to serve 95 inhabited islands but has 750 ports and anchorages.    Provides leisure facilities – casinos, bars, cabins etc Spmetimes associated with romance w/ cruising to exotic locations and tourists being pampered all day. Regarded as luxury activity.
  22. 22. AIR AIRLINES PROVIDE:  transportaton of passengers in the shortest time  Avoids spending time and money en route  Made it possible to build great resorts in remote islands  Preffered mean of travel for long haul  Ground terminal is sophisticated
  23. 23. AIR TRANSPORT   SCHEDULED AIRLINES – operate on the basis of their published timetables. CHARTER SERVICES – do not operate according to published timetables, nor are they advertised or promoted by the airlines themselves
  24. 24. CHARACTERISTIC OF SCHEDULED AIRLINES    Reliable and frequent and relatively consumerorientated product Airlines attract business travelers (speed and flexibility) Leisure passengers (ability to arrive at the destination quickly)
  25. 25.  Offer incentives (frequent flyer programmes)  Offer lower promotional fares  Advanced purchase excursion fare (APEX)  Instant purchase fares (IPEX)
  26. 26. CHARACTERISTIC OF CHARTER SERVICES     Facilitates movement of holidaymakers on package tours Passengers are carried on “seat only” arrangements Most are owned by tour operators who attempt to integrate their operations Flying at inconvenient and not busy hours

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