Gender Perspective On Mpd

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Gender Perspective On Mpd

  1. 1. The Gender Perspective on Migration, Peace and Development
  2. 2. Migration <ul><li> Land-based Sea-based Total </li></ul><ul><li>661,639 204,951 866,590 </li></ul><ul><li> 682,315 209,593 891,908 </li></ul><ul><li>651,938 216,031 867,969 </li></ul><ul><li> 704,586 229,002 933,588 </li></ul><ul><li>729,845 247,707 977,552 </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>2006 - 1, 062, 567 </li></ul><ul><li>About 75% are WOMEN </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Deployment of Newly Hired OFWs by Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Category Female Male </li></ul><ul><li>1. Professional, med 24,046 17, 212 </li></ul><ul><li>and technology </li></ul><ul><li>2. Admin and managerial 289 528 </li></ul><ul><li>3. Clerical 4, 641 3, 271 </li></ul><ul><li>4. Sales 3, 112 2, 405 </li></ul><ul><li>5. Service 128, 186 16, 135 </li></ul><ul><li>6. Production 23, 344 80, 240 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Top 10 Destination Countries for Newly-Hired Land-Based Women Workers <ul><li>COUNTRY No.of Women Type of Work % </li></ul><ul><li>Japan 37, 235 Entertainers 99.6% </li></ul><ul><li>Saudi Arabia 37, 080 Domestic Wokers 25% </li></ul><ul><li> Caretakers 12% Nurses 11% </li></ul><ul><li>UAE 24, 064 Domestic workers 38% </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan 23, 698 Caregivers 48% </li></ul><ul><li> Production workers 48% </li></ul><ul><li>Kuwait 21, 174 Domestic workers 93% </li></ul><ul><li>HongKong 17, 303 Domestic workers 99.89% </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Country No.of women Type of Work % </li></ul><ul><li>Lebanon 11, 716 Domestic workers 99% </li></ul><ul><li>Qatar 7, 248 Domestic workers 69% </li></ul><ul><li>Bahrain 3, 768 Domestic workers 48% </li></ul><ul><li> Waitresses/Bartenders 48% </li></ul><ul><li>Jordan 2, 854 Domestic workers 96% </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Migration from Mindanao </li></ul><ul><li>As of 2006, the total number of Mindanaoans who migrated from the region to work abroad has reached 148,115 . Of this number, eighty-six percent (86%) or 126,602 are land-based workers and fourteen percent (14%) or 21,513 are engaged in sea-based work.   </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>1. Region 11 43, 568 </li></ul><ul><li>Davao </li></ul><ul><li>South Cotabato </li></ul><ul><li>Saranggani </li></ul><ul><li>ARMM 33, 453 </li></ul><ul><li>3. Region 9 22, 221 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Defining Development
  10. 10. Mindanao <ul><li>Produces 44% of the overall traded agricultural products </li></ul><ul><li>Contributes 17% - 19% to the national wealth (GDP) </li></ul><ul><li>Receives only 10% of the gross national budget </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Poverty Incidence </li></ul><ul><li>ARMM 71.3% </li></ul><ul><li>Central Mindanao 58.1% </li></ul><ul><li>Western Mindanao 52.2% </li></ul><ul><li>Southern Mindanao 45.1% </li></ul><ul><li>ARMM share of the National Budget </li></ul><ul><li>2006 0.79% </li></ul><ul><li>0.80% </li></ul><ul><li>0.70% </li></ul><ul><li>Philippine Human Development Report </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Life Expectancy </li></ul><ul><li>Basilan 60 </li></ul><ul><li>Sulu 52.8 </li></ul><ul><li>Maguindanao 52 </li></ul><ul><li>Tawi-Tawi 51.2 </li></ul><ul><li>Infant Mortality Rate </li></ul><ul><li>National ARMM </li></ul><ul><li>50% 63% </li></ul><ul><li>2003 42% 78% </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Maternal Mortality Rate (2005) </li></ul><ul><li>ARMM: 320 per 100,000 LB </li></ul><ul><li>National: 180 per 100,000 LB </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Out of the 1, 708 government hospitals </li></ul><ul><li>ARMM = 14 </li></ul><ul><li>Out of the 3, 021 government doctors </li></ul><ul><li>ARMM = 17 </li></ul><ul><li>1 doctor for every 35, 000 people in ARMM </li></ul>
  15. 15. FINDING PEACE
  16. 16. <ul><li>Armed Conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Area Date Internally Displaced </li></ul><ul><li> Families Individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Maguindanao Jan. 09 7, 325 35, 381 </li></ul><ul><li>Sultan Kudarat Feb. 28 741 3, 769 </li></ul><ul><li>Panamao, Sulu Feb. 15 14, 425 105, 015 </li></ul><ul><li>North Cotabato July 15 1, 370 6, 861 </li></ul><ul><li>Indanan, Sulu Aug. 12 702 3, 510 </li></ul><ul><li>TOTAL 24, 563 154, 536 </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>After the July 10, 2007 incident </li></ul><ul><li>Death Toll </li></ul><ul><li>Gov’t forces Non-gov’t. </li></ul><ul><li> 50 42 </li></ul><ul><li>Displaced Families Individulas </li></ul><ul><li>Sulu 10,000 plus 51,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Basilan 2,229 15,000 </li></ul>
  18. 18. Interfaith Dialogue <ul><li>Re-reading History </li></ul><ul><li>“ General Alvarez sought the assistance of Hadji Abdulla Nuño, the well-respected and powerful Muslim leader of Taluksangay in recovering arms and ammunitions from an abandoned ship, to which the latter “ …readily and without hesitation… provided Gen. Alvarez with 100 vintas and men for the quick recovery of the much-needed cargoes .” It is also said that Nuño’s men provided the vital round the clock intelligence information to Gen. Alvarez by pretending to be fishing just some distance from Fort Pilar to monitor the troop movements of the Spaniards.” </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>And accordingly, on that fateful day, when they finally launched their assault, “ …those under the direct command of General Alvarez, composed of Banginges from Taluksangay, played the role of sea borne forces and were cruising swiftly toward their assigned objective. ” Banginge is one of the tribes under the Moro ethnic group Sama. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Understanding Islam
  21. 21. Proposed Revision of The Code of Muslim Personal Laws of the Philippines <ul><li>Polygamy </li></ul><ul><li>“ if you fear that you will not be able to deal justly with the orphans, marry women of your choice, two, or three or four…” The verse goes on to say “If you fear that you will not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one.” </li></ul><ul><li>– Holy Qur’an, 4:3 </li></ul><ul><li>“ but you will never be able to deal justly between wives even if it is your ardent desire.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Holy Qur’an,4:129 </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>When the Abbasid caliph Al-Mansur (d.158/775) offered to adopt al-Muwatta of Imam Malik b. Anas as the uniform law of the land, Imam Malik refused, arguing that there were many established juristic practices in different areas of the Muslim world and there was no legitimate reason to impose legal uniformity upon the various territories. </li></ul><ul><li>“ I believe that my opinions are correct but I am cognizant of the fact that my opinions may be wrong. I also believe that the opinions of my opponents are wrong but I am cognizant of the fact that they may be correct.” –Imam Abu Hanifa </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Muslims strive to discover the Divine Will but no one has the authority to lay an exclusive claim to it” – Khaled Abou El Fadl, Speaking in God’s Name </li></ul><ul><li>Every mujtahid (a person who applies original analysis and independent judgement to legal issues) is correct. If the mujtahid is correct in his or her ijtihad (the exercise of independent or original analysis on legal issues) he or she receives two bounties, and if he or she is wrong, he or she receives one. </li></ul><ul><li>“ There is no compulsion in religion” </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>The Qur’an must be flexible enough to accommodate innumerable cultural situations because of its claims to be universally beneficial to those who believe. Therefore, to force it to have a single cultural perspective - even the cultural pespective of the original community of the Prophet - severely limits its application and contradicts the stated universal purpose of the Book itself </li></ul><ul><li>- Amina Wadud </li></ul><ul><li>Qur’an and Woman </li></ul>

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