4. a blind spot. digital infrastructures for academic blogging

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This communication if a part of the panel Minor forms of academic communication: revamping the relationship between science and society? at the World social sciences forum http://www.wssf2013.org/fr/panel-comit%C3%A9/minor-forms-academic-communication-revamping-relationship-between-science-and-society


A blind spot? Digital infrastructures for digital publishing, and for academic blogging in particular

Author: Mr. Marin Dacos - OpenEdition
After several centuries of development, knowledge technologies today form a highly organised ecosystem, structured around books and journals and with its own clearly identified professions, infrastructures and actors. From publishers to librarians, authors to booksellers, a book industry has emerged and encourages the circulation of ideas. With the rise of the network, these roles are slowly being redefined and new actors are rapidly emerging. The 2006 ACLS report (“Our Cultural Commonwealth: The Report of the American Council of Learned Societies Commission on Cyberinfrastructure for the Humanities and Social Sciences”) is one of the first signs of recognition of the need for digital infrastructures. These infrastructures are not simply confined to “noble” publications i.e. books and journals. They also concern the so-called minor forms of academic communication. Yet developing such infrastructures requires much more than simply installing a server under a desk. On the contrary, digital infrastructures necessitate the creation of platforms, which in turn entail the emergence of new teams and new professions – those of digital publishing. These platforms are often developed or bought up by predatory multinationals (for example, Mendeley absorbed by Elsevier). Academic-led alternatives do exist (Zotero for bibliographies, Hypotheses for blogs), yet the academic community has failed to fully recognise the associated opportunities and risks. The academy has every interest in making sure it does not become marginalised within its own infrastructures. The alternative is to reproduce the vagaries of the extraordinarily concentrated global publishing system, which has stripped the research sector of some of its intellectual and budgetary initiative-taking capacities.

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4. a blind spot. digital infrastructures for academic blogging

  1. 1. A blind spot? Digital infrastructures for digital publishing and for academic blogging in particular Marin Dacos – CNRS OpenEdition –Director 2013 October 14th
  2. 2. • • • • A. The big conversation B. The rise of the platforms C. Hypotheses as a platform D. The digital infrastructures gap
  3. 3. Academic blogging : the missing link public (conference) (publication) written oral (conversation) (correspondance) private
  4. 4. The conversation is the essence of collective thinking and research (disputatio) Woodcut carved by Johann von Armssheim (1483). Portays a disputation between Christian and Jewish scholars (Soncino Blaetter, Berlin, 1929. Jerusalem, B. M. Ansbacher Collection). http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Disputation.jpg
  5. 5. A conversation : comments Average # of comments per post 3.50 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
  6. 6. A conversation : tweets Ratio Nb tweets by document sept 2014 0.14 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.02 0.00 OpenEdition Books Calenda Revues.org Hypothèses
  7. 7. The silent conversation : fidelity of readership (sept. 2013) Fidelity score 3.50 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 Revues.org Calenda Hypotheses Hypotheses (english) Hypotheses (german)
  8. 8. Conversation again : referrers sept 2012-sept 2013 – Source : OpenEdition – Search engines are removed. 242 000 54 000 161 000 22 000 70 000 500 000 * (1500 other refferers)
  9. 9. • • • • A. The big conversation B. The rise of the platforms C. Hypotheses as a platform D. The digital infrastructures gap
  10. 10. The Web is dominated by platforms
  11. 11. Welcome in the platforms age for publishing
  12. 12. Platforms Critical mass of documents Visibility Critical mass of partners Scale economy Critical mass of features Capacity of the platform to survive/evolve
  13. 13. Network effect
  14. 14. • • • • A. The big conversation B. The rise of the platforms C. Hypotheses as a platform D. The digital infrastructures gap
  15. 15. Hypotheses as a common platform The place where we test and share « Hypothesis » before publishing
  16. 16. Number of blogs 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 projection
  17. 17. Hypotheses - Millions of visits 14 People are there ! Both scholars and society 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2010 2011 2012 2013 (projections)
  18. 18. Adding value workflows 1 2 3 4 5 Application Technical creation Catalog + ISSN Headline Headline slider No visibily Very light visibility Good visibility High visibility Very high visibilty Zero value Very light value Good value High value Very high value
  19. 19. Language based committees
  20. 20. anguage based documentation ressource
  21. 21. A platform dedicated to scholarly work • Footnotes • Citability • Zotero compatible • ISSN for each blog • Librarything plugin • Etc.
  22. 22. Community manager Image © http://www.eemi.com/community-manager
  23. 23. Optimization of the user experience Image © http://www.eemi.com/community-manager
  24. 24. Developping Interoperabilites : http://www.flickr.com/photos/wongjunhao/2761709029/in/faves-revuesorg/
  25. 25. Data center in Lyon (CC IN2P3)
  26. 26. Redundancy
  27. 27. Scalability and load balancing
  28. 28. • • • • A. The big conversation B. The rise of the platforms C. Hypotheses as a platform D. The digital infrastructures gap
  29. 29. Birth of National And continental CyberInfrastructures
  30. 30. Construction cost (M€) 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 Social Sciences and Humanities Environmental Sciences Energy Biological Materials&and Analytical Facilities Source : Strategy Report on Research Infrastructures - Roadmap 2010 Physical Sciences and Engineering
  31. 31. Construction costs (%) 1% 8% 27% 16% 22% 26% Social Sciences and Humanities Source : Strategy Report on Research Infrastructures - Roadmap 2010
  32. 32. Nevertheless, these are the new archives and libraries http://www.flickr.com/photos/giesenbauer/4130759704/in/faves-revuesorg/
  33. 33. Open Access .. to classic forms of publishing – books and articles … and to new forms so-called « minor forms » Is a key to reconnect HSS to Society We call it « Le canon à idées » « A cannon for ideas » http://www.flickr.com/photos/giesenbauer/4130759704/in/faves-revuesorg/
  34. 34. Marin.dacos@openedition.org http://openedition.org/ http://cleo.openedition.org http://oep.hypotheses.org http://lab.hypotheses.org

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