Examples of Gods Promises Within the Old Testament • The promise of ___________________________________. ◦ The proto-evangelium (literally “first gospel”): found in Genesis 3:15 ◦ First time God revealed something about ____________________________. • The promise to never again ________________________. ◦ Found in Genesis 8:21-22, 9:1-17 • The promise to __________________________ through which all families of the earth should be blessed; the promise of ________________. ◦ Found in Genesis 12:2, 7, etc. ◦ Often referred to in Exodus 12:25 and Deuteronomy 1:8 and 11, 6:3, 9:28, etc. • The promise of _________________________________. ◦ Found in 2 Samuel 7:12-13, 18 and 1 Kings 2:24, etc. • The promise of Israels ____________________, of the ______________, of a new and everlasting _______________, of the new covenant and outpouring of ___________________. ◦ Found in Isaiah 2:2-5, 4:2, 55:5, 66:13; Jeremiah 31:31-34, 32:37-42, 33:14; Ezekiel 36:22-31, 37:11, 39:25ff, etc. Where are the Ten Commandments in the above list? Why arent they listed? The 10 Commandments and Mosaic Law were examples of __________________agreements made between God and his people: If you didnt abide by the Law, then God___________________. These were __________ or _____________ from God that his peoplewere commanded to heed. The agreements made in the promises listed above, however, were actually_______________ agreements made between God and his people. Despite the fact that Godspeople were unable to perfectly abide by the Law, these promises could never be________________ ___ _____ . These promises fall under the ______________________ ____ _______. Group Discussion: Read through Romans 4 reading: 1) If no one but God is righteous, why does God credit Abraham with righteousness? 2) Why does Paul consider Abraham a model of Christian faith?
Examples of Gods Promises Within the Old Testament • mans salvation ◦ his plan for the salvation of the world • curse the ground or destroy all life with a flood • make a great nation; the land of Canaan • continued kingship • Israels restoration; Messiah; new and everlasting kingdom; new covenant and outpouring of the SpiritThe 10 Commandments and Mosaic Law...conditional; cursed you; duties; imperativesThe agreements made in the promises listed above were...unconditional; reneged by God; righteousness of God ANSWER KEY TO FILL-IN-THE-BLANKS SECTION
(verses 13-15)Romans 4 For the promise that he would inherit the (verses 1-8) world did not come to Abraham or to his What then are we to say was gained by descendants through the law but throughAbraham, our ancestor according to the the righteousness of faith. If it is theflesh? For if Abraham was justified by adherents of the law who are to be theworks, he has something to boast about, heirs, faith is null and the promise is void.but not before God. For what does the For the law brings wrath; but where there isscripture say? ‘Abraham believed God, and no law, neither is there violation.it was reckoned to him as righteousness.’ (verses 16-25)Now to one who works, wages are not For this reason it depends on faith, inreckoned as a gift but as something due. order that the promise may rest on graceBut to one who without works trusts him and be guaranteed to all his descendants,who justifies the ungodly, such faith is not only to the adherents of the law butreckoned as righteousness. So also David also to those who share the faith ofspeaks of the blessedness of those to Abraham (for he is the father of all of us,whom God reckons righteousness as it is written, ‘I have made you the fatherirrespective of works: of many nations’)—in the presence of the Blessed are those whose iniquities God in whom he believed, who gives life to are forgiven, and whose sins are the dead and calls into existence the things covered; blessed is the one against that do not exist. Hoping against hope, he whom the Lord will not reckon sin. believed that he would become ‘the father of many nations’, according to what was (verses 9-12) said, ‘So numerous shall your descendants Is this blessedness, then, pronounced only be.’ He did not weaken in faith when heon the circumcised, or also on the considered his own body, which was alreadyuncircumcised? We say, ‘Faith was reckoned as good as dead (for he was about ato Abraham as righteousness.’ How then hundred years old), or when he consideredwas it reckoned to him? Was it before or the barrenness of Sarah’s womb. Noafter he had been circumcised? It was not distrust made him waver concerning theafter, but before he was circumcised. He promise of God, but he grew strong in hisreceived the sign of circumcision as a seal faith as he gave glory to God, being fullyof the righteousness that he had by faith convinced that God was able to do what hewhile he was still uncircumcised. The had promised. Therefore his faith ‘waspurpose was to make him the ancestor of reckoned to him as righteousness.’ Now theall who believe without being circumcised words, ‘it was reckoned to him’, wereand who thus have righteousness reckoned written not for his sake alone, but for oursto them, and likewise the ancestor of the also. It will be reckoned to us who believecircumcised who are not only circumcised in him who raised Jesus our Lord from thebut who also follow the example of the dead, who was handed over to death forfaith that our ancestor Abraham had before our trespasses and was raised for ourhe was circumcised. justification.
FACTS ABOUT ABRAHAM Abraham(1996 BC-1821 BC) 3000 BC Stonehenge 2750 BC First Pyramids Built 2700 BC Huang Di, One of the Five Emperors (China) 1800 BC Buddhism 1303 BC Ramses II, Ramses The Great Born (Exodus story) 1000 BC Jerusalem, Capital of Israel 700 BC The Torah, First Five Books of the Bible Abraham was born in Ur c1996 BC. Ur was one of the major cities of Sumer (home of the Sumerians) which is located in the south of modern-day Iraq. Abraham was 75 years old before receiving Gods calling in Haran. Haran (now Harran) is some 1000km north west of Ur in north western Mesopotamia. From the age of 75 Abraham spent the next 100 years travelling southwest through Damascus and Shechern before reaching Zoan. From Zoan he travelled north east to Hebron where he died at the age of 175.