04 science and religion(3)

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04 science and religion(3)

  1. 1. Science andReligion as moralguidesBased primarily on “The Complete Idiot’s Guide to UnderstandingEthics”
  2. 2. “Something is right orgood just because Godcommands it and …something is wrong orbad just becauseGod condemns it.” (p. 38)THE DIVINE COMMAND THEORY
  3. 3. “[It] is the pursuit of truth based on solid, well-established scientific principles. It differs from traditionalreligion in that it is based on knowledge that can belogically and rationally explained and proven.”“[Science] is the only justified true belief available tomen, a precious tool with which we can fullyexplain our past, improve our present and make thepositive choices that will determine our chances for thefuture.”SCIENTIFICISM(http://www.scientificism.com/)
  4. 4. Science and religionWhile RELIGION “addresses the big, spiritualmysteries of life,” SCIENCE “addresses themundane workings of cause and effect in thematerial world.”(p. 59)
  5. 5. For an active believer (a religiousperson), his/her religion and his/hercode of ethics go hand in hand …theypractically become one.(“El aporte de la ética en la sociedad del siglo XXI”, Dr. Emilio Martínez, Dic. 2011)Ethics and religion
  6. 6. IMPORTANT NOTE:Due to the manydifferences in religions,the foundation for ourmorality should be ourhuman reason andintelligence.(“El aporte de la ética en la sociedad del siglo XXI”, Dr. Emilio Martínez, Dic. 2011)
  7. 7. Ethics and scienceAlthough science isbased on provenfacts, “[it] doesn’tmean […] thatscience should beour guide in allthings. After all,science isn’teverything, and can’tprovide all of life’sanswers.” (p. 52)
  8. 8. “…science can tell uswhat the most efficientmeans are for achievingour ends, but it can’t tellus which ends are theright ones.” (p. 61)…In other words, scientists cannot offeranswers to moral dilemmas.
  9. 9. …Philosophy is not likescience, and moralknowledge isn’t likescientific knowledge.Asking whether somethingis scientifically possibleis different from askingwhether we should do it!(p. 55)
  10. 10. Ethics, science, andreligion“…ethics [and religion]need science as much asscience needs ethics[and even religion].”(p. 52)“…science and ethics (and maybereligion) are different, but equallynecessary, perspectives for viewingthe world.” (p. 59)
  11. 11. “Science without religion islame, religion withoutscience is blind.”-Albert Einstein
  12. 12. “Contrary to the extreme viewthat science is all there is, wereally do need religion(faith and hope) and ethics(values and moral rules) to giveour lives meaning and purpose.”(p. 61)
  13. 13. Avoid both religious fanaticismand scientific extremism!
  14. 14. Cited work:“The Complete Idiot’s Guide to UnderstandingEthics”Chapter 4: God Made Me Do ItChapter 5: Let Science Be Your Guide

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