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San Diego Homeless Assessment - PATH

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PATH (People Assisting the Homeless) conducted a survey of the homeless in downtown San Diego. Results are shared in areas of demographics, personal history, access to services, and more.

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San Diego Homeless Assessment - PATH

  1. 1. © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010 Downtown San Diego Homeless Assessment Core Area
  2. 2. Project Overview <ul><li>PATH typically conducts surveys in the communities in which it serves in order to assess the neighborhood and design housing strategies. </li></ul><ul><li>PATH Street Outreach Team and SDPD Homeless Outreach Team conducted surveys in Downtown San Diego on May 17 th and 18 th . </li></ul><ul><li>Surveys used contained 36 questions identifying key factors determining homelessness in the area. </li></ul><ul><li>The PATH Outreach Team offered $5 Subway gift cards as an incentive for their cooperation. </li></ul>© People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  3. 3. Project Overview – Team Picture © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  4. 4. Interview Methodology <ul><li>3 or more team members, made up of PATH Outreach Staff and San Diego Police Department Homeless Outreach Team </li></ul><ul><li>Covered designated boundaries within downtown area – the Core Area. </li></ul><ul><li>Counted sectors on first day and conducted surveys on the second </li></ul><ul><li>Asked each person encountered to participate </li></ul>© People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  5. 5. Core Area Homeless Count © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010 Red = 1 Person Yellow = 2-4 Persons Green = 5-8 Persons House = Encampment, tents. (unknown number of persons) Actual count at 5:00 AM May 17, 2010 Actual: 246 People Assessment: 275-300 Persons
  6. 6. Interview Questions <ul><li>Demographics </li></ul><ul><li>Health Risk Indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional History (prison, foster care, medical) </li></ul><ul><li>Employment, Benefits, and Citizenship </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol & Drug usage </li></ul><ul><li>Questions specific to the San Diego Area </li></ul>© People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  7. 7. Interview Results <ul><li>43 interviews attempted </li></ul><ul><li>38 interviews completed (15.4% of total population in Core Area) </li></ul><ul><li>5 refusals due to varying factors </li></ul>© People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  8. 8. Interview Results <ul><li>50% of those surveyed have only been homeless in the City of San Diego </li></ul><ul><li>Average length of time in San Diego: 19 years. </li></ul><ul><li>92% responded that they normally sleep in Downtown San Diego </li></ul>© People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  9. 9. What cities have you been homeless in? © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  10. 10. Length of Homelessness © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010 Longest Length of Homelessness = 20 years Average length= 3.85 years
  11. 11. High needs population <ul><li>66% report a serious health condition; 45% with no health insurance. </li></ul><ul><li>42% abuse drugs and alcohol. </li></ul><ul><li>50% dealing with mental health conditions </li></ul>© People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  12. 12. Serious Health Condition © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  13. 13. Health Insurance © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  14. 14. Health Services Utilized © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  15. 15. Mental Health Issues © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010 (Self-reported responses from the population surveyed.)
  16. 16. Age © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010 Average Age is 43 years old (National avg lifespan for homeless person is 55 yrs) Ages ranged from 18 - 66
  17. 17. Race and Ethnicity © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  18. 18. Gender © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  19. 19. Circumstances leading to Homelessness © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  20. 20. Veterans © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010 Of the 8 veterans surveyed (21% of total), 6 were discharged honorably.
  21. 21. Incarcerated in Jail © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  22. 22. Incarcerated in Prison (Felony criminal record) © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010 Average time spent in prison = 8 years
  23. 23. History of Foster Care © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010 Note: Average across other cities assessed by PATH approx 9%
  24. 24. Income Source © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  25. 25. Income Earned Per Month © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  26. 26. Access to Homeless Agencies © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  27. 27. Access to Public Services © People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  28. 28. Key Findings in the Core Area <ul><li>The majority are chronically homeless (Avg 4 years on the streets) </li></ul><ul><li>Population indigenous to San Diego (19 yrs in SD, either housed or homeless) </li></ul><ul><li>32% have family members in SD </li></ul><ul><li>People are staying within the Core Area </li></ul><ul><li>People in the Core Area are more housing-ready than others. (45% are eligible for subsidized housing immediately) </li></ul><ul><li>Majority have high needs (health & mental health) </li></ul><ul><li>45% are women </li></ul>© People Assisting The Homeless May 2010
  29. 29. A Special Thank-You to: <ul><li>San Diego Police Department Homeless Outreach Team </li></ul><ul><li>ALPHA Project Outreach Team </li></ul>© People Assisting The Homeless May 2010

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