Semantics and pragmatics

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Semantics and pragmatics

  1. 1. LEXICAL RELATIONS DISUSUN O L E H KAICITA MALDIATI NOVITRI SILVIA RETNO TRIZA
  2. 2. 1. Lexical Fields lexical field is a set of words with an identifiable semantic connection. Example : •kevin is a barchelor •Kevin is a man
  3. 3. KINSHIP • Kinship is a term with various meanings depending upon the context. Example: • parent (father or mother) • child (son or daughter) • sibling (brother or sister) • grandparent (grandfather or grandmother) • uncle or aunt • nephew or niece • cousin
  4. 4. Big Unit Family Mr. John (grandfather) Mrs. Sue (grandmother) Deni (father) Marry (mother) Ruth (wife) James (husband) Jack (uncle) Anna (aunt) Kevin (cousin) Frans (brother) Catrine (Sister in law) Nicole (niece) David (nephew)
  5. 5. Hyponymy Hyponymy is relation between a more specific (superordinate) and a less specific (subordinate) term (class – subclass). Example : Dog is a hyponym of animal Rose is a hyponym of flower
  6. 6. Synonymy Synonymys are words with identical or similar meanings. Ex. : Answer = reply Big = large Beautiful = pretty
  7. 7. Antonym is Word that is opposite in meaning to another word. Example : • good and bad • slow and fast. • hot and cold. Antonymy
  8. 8. Binary and Non Binary Antonyms • Binary : Here there is no comparison or scale; it is a matter of being either one thing or another. Examples : • alive and dead • single and married • Open and close
  9. 9. Non Binary Antonym : These describe something which can be measured and compared with something else. Example : •Fast and slow •Hot and cold •Old and young
  10. 10. A Comparison of four Relations • Synonyms - Rita is a beautiful girl - Rita is a pretty girl • Binary Antoyms - Turn on the radio - Turn off the radio • Hyponyms - She plants a jasmine - She plants a flower • Non-binary Antonyms - He is a young man - He is a old man
  11. 11. Converse Antonyms • These antonyms depend on each other. Example : • Husband/wife • teacher/student • doctor/patient • buy/sell

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