Young people who sexually abuse
others: an introductory session
Introduction to the Taith
Service
Taith is a partnership between
 Barnardo’s
 South Wales Police
 7 Local Authorities
...
Introduction to the Taith
Service
The Service offers
 Assessment
 Longer-term programme work
 Consultation
 Direct wor...
Referral criteria
 Aged 8-17 years on referral o r
 Aged 18-21 years
 Displaying sexually harmful behaviour
 Ordinaril...
Referrals
In 2009/10
 Taith worked with 128 young people
 For over half, yp had engaged in at least one incident
prior
t...
Referring behaviour
In 2009/10
 12% exposed genitals (incl exposure and
masturbation)
 43% sexually assaulted another
 ...
Structure of assessment
 ERASOR Version 2.0 (Worling and Curwen, 2001)
 Range of questionnaires devpd by ASAP (Beckett e...
The purpose of assessment
 Identify level of concern/ risks yp may represent
 Establish therapeutic needs
 Make recomme...
Talking to young people
about sexually harmful
behaviour
 Acknowledgement of difficulty/ demonstrate empathy
etc
 Non ju...
 16% of children aged under 16 years experienced
abuse in
childhood, 11% of which was contact abuse (11%
boys and
21% gir...
 Review of 25 studies into arrest and reconviction
rates
amongst adolescent sexual offenders found
recidivism
rates of be...
Own victimisation and other
behavioural issues
Taith 2009/10 N 128
 41% known or suspected to have been sexually
abused
...
Own victimisation and other
behavioural issues
 18% young people reported as having known or
suspected
drug or alcohol is...
Areas that may be of
concern
 Social adequacy deficits
 Poor self regulation/ problem solving skills
 Specific thinking...
Some ideas on risk
management in school
setting
Forall young people
 Clear rules around privacy
 Clear guidelines around...
Ourthoughts on challenging
inappropriate behaviour
 Directly challenge
 Challenge immediately where possible
 But with ...
Ourthoughts on challenging
inappropriate behaviour
 Record behaviour clearly
 Discuss behaviour with appropriate colleag...
Managing Risk- Processes
 Safety plans
 Child Protection Procedures
 Criminal Justice System – bail/ licence/ supervisi...
Contact us at
E mail
taith.service@barnardos.org.uk
Tel 01656 – 749235
www.barnardos.org.uk/taith
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Michael Morgan - Barnardos Workshop

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Slides from the Promoting Respectful Relationships conference in Cardiff 12th November 2010 - See http://www.respectwales.org.uk

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Michael Morgan - Barnardos Workshop

  1. 1. Young people who sexually abuse others: an introductory session
  2. 2. Introduction to the Taith Service Taith is a partnership between  Barnardo’s  South Wales Police  7 Local Authorities  Hillside Secure Centre  Abertawe Bro Morgannwg Health Board  Youth Justice Board
  3. 3. Introduction to the Taith Service The Service offers  Assessment  Longer-term programme work  Consultation  Direct work to parents/ carers  Training The Taith Service accepts referrals across Wales
  4. 4. Referral criteria  Aged 8-17 years on referral o r  Aged 18-21 years  Displaying sexually harmful behaviour  Ordinarily open to YOS/ SSD
  5. 5. Referrals In 2009/10  Taith worked with 128 young people  For over half, yp had engaged in at least one incident prior to the referring behaviour  7% referral rate on girls  Average age on referral 13.5 years  56% mainstream education, 20% PRU/ special school  33% in LAC system  30% have statement of special educational need
  6. 6. Referring behaviour In 2009/10  12% exposed genitals (incl exposure and masturbation)  43% sexually assaulted another  28% raped/ attempted to rape (penetration of vagina, anus or mouth without consent)  8% engaged in other penetrative behaviour (causing another to penetrate him without consent/ digital or objectile penetration)  3% had downloaded indecent images of children  5% other behaviours
  7. 7. Structure of assessment  ERASOR Version 2.0 (Worling and Curwen, 2001)  Range of questionnaires devpd by ASAP (Beckett et al), where appropriate  SDQ (Goodman, 2005)  TSCC (Briere, 1996)
  8. 8. The purpose of assessment  Identify level of concern/ risks yp may represent  Establish therapeutic needs  Make recommendations for placement (where appropriate)  Make recommendations for risk management
  9. 9. Talking to young people about sexually harmful behaviour  Acknowledgement of difficulty/ demonstrate empathy etc  Non judgemental  Straightforward approach  Clear on boundaries of confidentiality  Create an expectation that they will discuss the incident with you  Importance of language/ terminology used  Questioning style
  10. 10.  16% of children aged under 16 years experienced abuse in childhood, 11% of which was contact abuse (11% boys and 21% girls) (Cawson et al, 2000, published by NSPCC)  Retrospective studies present a broad consensus that 25- 35% of all child sexual abuse is perpetrated by other young
  11. 11.  Review of 25 studies into arrest and reconviction rates amongst adolescent sexual offenders found recidivism rates of between 1.7% and 19.6% over 1-10 year periods (Caldwell, 2002)  30-50% of adult sex offenders reported that they began to abuse when they were children or adolescents (Marshall
  12. 12. Own victimisation and other behavioural issues Taith 2009/10 N 128  41% known or suspected to have been sexually abused  42% known or suspected to have been physically abused  61% known or suspected to have been emotionally abused  62% known or suspected to have been exposed to domestic violence  48% known or suspected as having been bullied by others  3% known or suspected as having been sexually exploited
  13. 13. Own victimisation and other behavioural issues  18% young people reported as having known or suspected drug or alcohol issues  18% young people have diagnosed or suspected depression  14% young people are known or suspected to engage in self harm  62% involved in fighting/ aggression  38% involved in bullying (of others)  35% were identified as having damaged property
  14. 14. Areas that may be of concern  Social adequacy deficits  Poor self regulation/ problem solving skills  Specific thinking errors about young children and sex  Poor empathy for victim of own behaviour/ victims of sexual abuse (poor correlation with risk in adults)  Hostile/ adversarial attitude towards girls  Likely to misinterpret girls’ behaviour in sexualised ways  Pro criminal thinking
  15. 15. Some ideas on risk management in school setting Forall young people  Clear rules around privacy  Clear guidelines around masturbation  Clear rules around pornography and mobile phones (internet and camera funcs)  Clear policies on bullying (incl sexual/ homophobic)  Awareness of safeguarding duties and procedures  Promotion of healthy sexuality
  16. 16. Ourthoughts on challenging inappropriate behaviour  Directly challenge  Challenge immediately where possible  But with respect for sensitivities involved  Do challenge ‘the small stuff’  Be explicit  Outline alternative appropriate behaviour
  17. 17. Ourthoughts on challenging inappropriate behaviour  Record behaviour clearly  Discuss behaviour with appropriate colleagues  Check out your own feelings – get support when needed  Report behaviour when necessary  Inform young person and parents
  18. 18. Managing Risk- Processes  Safety plans  Child Protection Procedures  Criminal Justice System – bail/ licence/ supervision conditions  MAPPA  Sexual Offences Prevention Order
  19. 19. Contact us at E mail taith.service@barnardos.org.uk Tel 01656 – 749235 www.barnardos.org.uk/taith

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