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Conducting a Lit Review


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Presentation to help prepare statistics students to conduct a literature review prior to conducting original statistical research.

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Conducting a Lit Review

  1. 1. Conducting a literature review MLWGS Library W. DeGroat March 2010
  2. 2. By ideologie
  3. 3. By dnkbdotcom
  4. 4. By gotplaid?
  5. 5. By JPDaigle
  6. 6. Conceptual framework <ul><li>Concept mapping </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key concepts in your research question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Related, broader, and narrower concepts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building your word list </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subject thesauri </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subject indexes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Found articles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Author-supplied key words </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assigned subject terms </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Skim for key words </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>By culturecat
  7. 7. Key word vs. subject searching <ul><li>Key word </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Literal, so need multiple searches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Casts a wider net </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Subject headings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unites/connects terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>About topic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces result set </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Combine in Advanced Search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AND vs. OR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using * (e.g. math*) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Preliminary reading & search strategy <ul><li>Literature reviews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stand-alone literature reviews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Meta analysis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Systematic review </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sections of published studies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Subject encyclopedias </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Print or digital </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identifying databases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VCU Databases by Subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VCU Journal Locator </li></ul></ul>By florian.b
  9. 9. Evaluating Lit Reviews <ul><li>Scope – explicit about topic limits </li></ul><ul><li>Information search – extent clearly explained </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation – accurate and complete </li></ul><ul><li>Selectivity – criteria/rationale described </li></ul><ul><li>Balance – in source types and publications </li></ul><ul><li>Organization – sources similar enough to be grouped under designated subheadings </li></ul><ul><li>Synthesis – summaries describe relative importance, connections, comparisons in findings/methodologies </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion – analysis identifies opportunities for future research (e.g. gaps, conflicting results) </li></ul>Adapted from Williamson (2002, p. 533).
  10. 10. By Vlad
  11. 11. By Krista76
  12. 12. Sources to examine <ul><li>Journal articles – peer-reviewed primary research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In subscription databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In reputable, peer-reviewed online journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In archives/databases of preprints </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Government publications </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarly books </li></ul><ul><li>Dissertations and theses </li></ul><ul><li>Conference proceedings and forums </li></ul><ul><li>Reports published on organization web sites </li></ul>
  13. 13. A-B-C-D of Evaluation <ul><li>Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Bias </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does the researcher begin the experiment with an open mind? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was there a sponsor for the study? If so, is there a potential conflict of interest? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Currency </li></ul><ul><li>Documentation </li></ul>Adapted from the University of Southern Maine (n.d.). By ChicagoEye
  14. 14. Peer-reviewed vs. scholarly <ul><li>Peer-reviewed (a.k.a. refereed) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rigorous review by experts (editors or anonymous) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Typical criteria for acceptance by journal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contribution to current body of knowledge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sound methods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Objectivity / neutrality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Scholarly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Written by experts in the field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before including, evaluate for relevance, quality & bias </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example - reports published by government agencies </li></ul></ul>Adapted from the University of Southern Maine (n.d.).
  15. 15. Potential pitfalls <ul><li>In your process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trying to read everything </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading without writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not keeping track of sources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In your product </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Exhaustive summary” of every article you read </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Including only conceptual OR research literature </li></ul></ul>Adapted from Conducting a literature review (n.d.). By Mr.Guybrarian
  16. 16. Conceptual literature <ul><li>Discusses theory, summaries, or critiques of research studies </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a general overview of the concepts related to your study </li></ul><ul><li>Gives insight to assumptions and the historical development of the problem </li></ul>Adapted from Conducting a literature review (n.d.).
  17. 17. Avoiding pitfalls <ul><li>Take notes rather than highlighting passages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two-column notes (template in library’s share folder) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Note cards feature of Noodle Tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Word/Google Docs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tag or otherwise identify key concepts/threads for later clustering (may lead to subheadings) </li></ul><ul><li>Create an outline for your literature review </li></ul><ul><li>Begin writing early </li></ul><ul><li>Share early drafts with trusted peers for feedback </li></ul>Adapted from Conducting a literature review (n.d.).
  18. 18. Note-taking methods and tools <ul><li>Library research wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Passive paster vs. Active learner </li></ul><ul><li>Many methods </li></ul><ul><li>Templates </li></ul><ul><li>Tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Noodle Tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zotero </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Word/Google Docs </li></ul></ul>By podcom
  19. 19. By re-ality
  20. 20. Reference sources <ul><li>Gale Virtual Reference Library (in PowerSearch) </li></ul><ul><li>NetLibrary </li></ul><ul><li>l </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Search this book vs. Table of Contents/Index </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find this book in a library </li></ul></ul><ul><li>V </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LC call numbers and reference v. stacks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VCU e-books (their NetLibrary is larger than ours) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource Guides </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Journal articles <ul><li>MW Library </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gale PowerSearch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JSTOR and MUSE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science Direct </li></ul></ul><ul><li>VCU Libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find Articles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journal Locator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Scholar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DOAJ </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Government documents <ul><li>Digital </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USA Search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Uncle Sam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VCU databases for government information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Print </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VCU catalog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limit format to US Government Document </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Dissertations and theses <ul><li>VCU Libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dissertation Abstracts Online </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dissertations from VCU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Library of Electronic Theses and Dissertations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Google Scholar </li></ul><ul><li>Archives/ open access repositories of universities with related research focus </li></ul>
  24. 24. Conferences and conversations <ul><li>Conference Proceedings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Databases (e.g. JSTOR) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Discussion groups (a.k.a. forums) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google or Yahoo Groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools or centers at universities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Listservs (search CataList ) </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul>
  25. 25. Project guide <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bookmarks for MW Library (first link on left link menu) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>walter_vcustats tag (in Project Guides bundle in right column) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Pour yourself a cup … By Martapiqs
  27. 27. References <ul><li>Conducting a literature review [PowerPoint presentation]. (n.d.). Retrieved February 20, 2008, from California State University Stanislaus, Social Work Department Web site: </li></ul><ul><li>5991%20literature%20review.ppt </li></ul><ul><li>University of Southern Maine. (n.d.). Module 2: Conducting the lit review. In Department of Environmental Science, Literature Review Online Tutorial . Retrieved February 20, 2008, from esp/module2/03a_sources_to_use.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Williamson, J.W. (2002). Healthcare informatics and information synthesis . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. </li></ul>